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  1. Rotavirus gastroenteritis is the leading cause of diarrheal disease mortality among children under five, resulting in 450,000 to 700,000 deaths each year, and another 2 million hospitalizations, mostly in the ...

    Authors: Evan Simpson, Scott Wittet, Josefina Bonilla, Kateryna Gamazina, Laura Cooley and Jennifer L Winkler
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:281
  2. The increasing focus on functional ability assessments in relation to sickness absence necessitates the measurement of population functional levels. This study assessed the reliability of the Norwegian Functio...

    Authors: Nina Østerås, Søren Brage, Andrew Garratt, Jurate Saltyte Benth, Bård Natvig and Pål Gulbrandsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:278
  3. Studies derived from continuous national surveys have shown that the prevalence of diagnosed diabetes mellitus in the US is increasing. This study estimated the prevalence in 2004 of self-reported diagnosis of...

    Authors: Harold E Bays, Debbra D Bazata, Nathaniel G Clark, James R Gavin III, Andrew J Green, Sandra J Lewis, Michael L Reed, Walter Stewart, Richard H Chapman, Kathleen M Fox and Susan Grandy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:277
  4. Education is one of the key elements in the promotion of a thorough paradigm for active aging. The aim of this study is to analyze factors that contribute the empowerment of older adults in a rural Mexican com...

    Authors: María de la Luz Martínez-Maldonado, Elsa Correa-Muñoz and Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:276
  5. Children and adolescents are more vulnerable to the affects of war and violence than adults. At the time of initiation of this study, nothing was known about the prevalence of childhood and early adolescence m...

    Authors: Asma A Al-Jawadi and Shatha Abdul-Rhman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:274
  6. In order to get sickness benefit a sick-listed person need a medical certificate issued by a physician; in Sweden after one week of self-certification. Physicians experience sick-listing tasks as problematic a...

    Authors: Britt Arrelöv, Kristina Alexanderson, Jan Hagberg, Anna Löfgren, Gunnar Nilsson and Sari Ponzer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:273
  7. A number of studies suggest females may be more likely to engage in injection and sex risk behavior than males. Most data on gender differences come from industrialized countries, so data are needed in develop...

    Authors: Charles M Cleland, Don C Des Jarlais, Theresa E Perlis, Gerry Stimson and Vladimir Poznyak
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:271
  8. The results of a cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate whether genetic polymorphisms (biomarkers of susceptibility) for CYP1A1, EPHX and GSTM1 genes that affect polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) activation...

    Authors: Massimo Moretti, Marco Dell'Omo, Milena Villarini, Roberta Pastorelli, Giacomo Muzi, Luisa Airoldi and Rossana Pasquini
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:270
  9. Consistent with global trends, the prevalence of obesity is increasing among Norwegian adults. This study aimed to investigate individual trends in BMI (kg/m2) by age, gender, and socio-economic status over an 11...

    Authors: Deborah L Reas, Jan F Nygård, Elisabeth Svensson, Tom Sørensen and Inger Sandanger
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:269
  10. The objective of this cohort study was to examine the effect on birth weight of living in a disadvantaged neighbourhood in a Nordic welfare state. Birth weight is a health indicator known to be sensitive to po...

    Authors: Eva Sellström, Göran Arnoldsson, Sven Bremberg and Anders Hjern
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:267
  11. The aim of the present study is to describe the inter-province variability of Road Traffic Injury (RTI) mortality on Spanish roads, adjusted for vehicle-kilometres travelled, and to assess the possible role pl...

    Authors: Francisco Rivas-Ruiz, Emilio Perea-Milla and Alberto Jimenez-Puente
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:266
  12. Migrant studies in France revealed that Mediterranean migrant men have lower mortality and morbidity than local-born populations for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). We studied overweight and NCDs among Tunis...

    Authors: Caroline Méjean, Pierre Traissac, Sabrina Eymard-Duvernay, Jalila El Ati, Francis Delpeuch and Bernard Maire
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:265
  13. Vitamin A can have a positive impact on growth and development of children, but vitamin A deficiency (VAD) was found to be a public health problem in Zhejiang Province, China in 1998. There have been no studie...

    Authors: Rongwang Yang, Rong Li, Shujiong Mao, Liying Sun, Xinwen Huang, Chai Ji, Zhiwei Zhu, Lingling Wu, Yufeng Qin and Zhengyan Zhao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:264
  14. To determine radiological features of arthropathy in systemic sclerosis patients with polyarthritis.

    Authors: Fadoua Allali, Latifa Tahiri, Adil Senjari, Redouane Abouqal and Najia Hajjaj-Hassouni
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:260
  15. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of disability and mortality in most Western countries. The prevalence of several risk factors, most notably low physical activity and poor nutrition, is very high. T...

    Authors: Suzan JW Robroek, Folef J Bredt and Alex Burdorf
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:259
  16. School-based breakfast provision is increasingly being seen as a means of improving educational performance and dietary behaviour amongst children. Furthermore, recognition is growing that breakfast provision ...

    Authors: Laurence Moore, Graham F Moore, Katy Tapper, Rebecca Lynch, Carol Desousa, Janine Hale, Chris Roberts and Simon Murphy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:258
  17. Casino workers are exposed to high levels of secondhand smoke (SHS) at work, yet remain at risk of being excluded from smoke-free legislation around the world. If the prime motivation for smoke-free legislatio...

    Authors: Paul A Pilkington, Selena Gray and Anna B Gilmore
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:257
  18. Previous studies have shown that deprived neighbourhoods have higher cardiovascular mortality and morbidity rates. Inequalities in the distribution of behaviour related risk factors are one possible explanatio...

    Authors: Nico Dragano, Martin Bobak, Natalia Wege, Anne Peasey, Pablo E Verde, Ruzena Kubinova, Simone Weyers, Susanne Moebus, Stefan Möhlenkamp, Andreas Stang, Raimund Erbel, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Johannes Siegrist and Hynek Pikhart
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:255
  19. Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a major public and occupational health problem, which is associated with very high costs. Although medical costs for chronic LBP are high, most costs are related to productivity ...

    Authors: Ludeke C Lambeek, Johannes R Anema, Barend J van Royen, Peter C Buijs, Paul I Wuisman, Maurits W van Tulder and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:254
  20. Most depressed patients are attended at primary care. However, there are significant shortcomings in the diagnosis, management and outcomes of these patients. The aim of this study is to determine whether the ...

    Authors: Enric Aragonès, Antonia Caballero, Josep Ll Piñol, Germán López-Cortacans, Waleska Badia, Josep M Hernández, Pilar Casaus, Sílvia Folch, Josep Basora and Antonio Labad
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:253
  21. Comprehensive information about national spending on prevention is crucial for health policy development and evaluation. This study provides a comprehensive overview of prevention spending in the Netherlands, ...

    Authors: Esther W de Bekker-Grob, Johan J Polder, Johan P Mackenbach and Willem Jan Meerding
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:252
  22. Very little is known about the physical health needs of lesbian and bisexual women in the UK; most research has looked at mental or sexual health only. This article reports the results of four surveys carried ...

    Authors: Catherine Meads, Emily Buckley and Paul Sanderson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:251
  23. Although syndromic surveillance systems are gaining acceptance as useful tools in public health, doubts remain about whether the anticipated early warning benefits exist. Many assessments of this question do n...

    Authors: Wei Zheng, Robert Aitken, David J Muscatello and Tim Churches
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:250
  24. Randomised controlled trials demonstrate a 60% reduction in type 2 diabetes incidence through lifestyle modification programmes. The aim of this study is to determine whether such programmes are feasible in pr...

    Authors: Tiina Laatikainen, James A Dunbar, Anna Chapman, Annamari Kilkkinen, Erkki Vartiainen, Sami Heistaro, Ben Philpot, Pilvikki Absetz, Stephen Bunker, Adrienne O'Neil, Prasuna Reddy, James D Best and Edward D Janus
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:249
  25. The Chinese National People's Congress ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on 27 August 2005, signaling China's commitment to implement tobacco control policies and legislation cons...

    Authors: Tingzhong Yang, Yanwei Wu, Abu Saleh M Abdullah, Di Dai, Fuzhong Li, Junqing Wu and Haiqing Xiang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:248
  26. Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for burden of disease. Our objective was to estimate the number of hospital diagnoses and days of treatment attributable to smoking for Canada, 2002.

    Authors: Dolly Baliunas, Jayadeep Patra, Jürgen Rehm, Svetlana Popova and Benjamin Taylor
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:247
  27. In 2002 the oil-tanker Prestige sank off the Galician coast. This study analyzes the effect of this accident on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and mental health in the affected population.

    Authors: José Miguel Carrasco, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Maria José García-Mendizábal, Virginia Lope, Nuria Aragonés, Maria João Forjaz, Pilar Guallar-Castillón, Gonzalo López-Abente, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo and Marina Pollán
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:245
  28. Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is an important outcome in times of Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART). We compared the HRQoL of HIV positive patients receiving HAART with those awaiting tre...

    Authors: Goedele M Louwagie, Max O Bachmann, Kobus Meyer, Frikkie le R Booysen, Lara R Fairall and Christo Heunis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:244
  29. Despite the relatively low recorded alcohol consumption level, the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) and neighbouring Finland suffer from similar harmful consequences related to the use of alcoh...

    Authors: Ville Helasoja, Eero Lahelma, Ritva Prättälä, Janina Petkeviciene, Iveta Pudule and Mare Tekkel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:241
  30. Increasing severe vegetation fires worldwide has been attributed to both global environmental change and land management practices. However there is little evidence concerning the population health effects of ...

    Authors: Fay H Johnston, Ross S Bailie, Louis S Pilotto and Ivan C Hanigan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:240
  31. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a combination of medical disorders that increase one's risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Little information exists on the prevalence of MS in a general adult population i...

    Authors: Cheng-Chieh Lin, Chiu-Shong Liu, Ming-May Lai, Chia-Ing Li, Ching-Chu Chen, Pei-Chia Chang, Wen-Yuan Lin, Yih-Dar Lee, Tsann Lin and Tsai-Chung Li
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:239
  32. Two trials were conducted to compare emergency department patient comprehension of rapid HIV pre-test information using different methods to deliver this information.

    Authors: Roland C Merchant, Erin M Gee, Melissa A Clark, Kenneth H Mayer, George R Seage III and Victor G DeGruttola
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:238
  33. In November 2005, a large outbreak due to Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) was observed within children who had eaten their meals at 53 school cafeterias in Florence and the surrounding a...

    Authors: Cristina Romani, PierLuigi Nicoletti, Maria Ida Buonomini, Antonino Nastasi and Caterina Mammina
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:237
  34. Although there is rapid progress in vaccine research regarding influenza pandemic vaccines it is expected that pandemic influenza vaccine production can only start once the pandemic virus has been recognized. ...

    Authors: Masja Straetemans, Udo Buchholz, Sabine Reiter, Walter Haas and Gérard Krause
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:236
  35. Obesity is considered to be caused by a combination of heredity and environmental factors with typical onset during childhood. The aim of this study was to identify family risk factors for the development of o...

    Authors: Ana M Oliveira, Antônio C Oliveira, Marcele S Almeida, Nelson Oliveira and Luis Adan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:235
  36. Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major cause of mortality in developing countries, and in these countries diabetes prevalence is increasing rapidly. Diabetes increases the risk of TB. Our aim was to assess the pote...

    Authors: Catherine R Stevenson, Nita G Forouhi, Gojka Roglic, Brian G Williams, Jeremy A Lauer, Chirstopher Dye and Nigel Unwin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:234
  37. Researchers have frequently encountered difficulties in the recruitment and retention of minorities resulting in their under-representation in clinical trials. This report describes the successful strategies o...

    Authors: M Nabil El-Khorazaty, Allan A Johnson, Michele Kiely, Ayman AE El-Mohandes, Siva Subramanian, Haziel A Laryea, Kennan B Murray, Jutta S Thornberry and Jill G Joseph
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:233
  38. Physical activity has been associated with a decreased risk for breast cancer. The biological mechanismn(s) underlying the association between physical activity and breast cancer is not clear. Most prominent h...

    Authors: Evelyn M Monninkhof, Petra HM Peeters and Albertine J Schuit
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:232
  39. Use of smokeless tobacco is common in South Asia. Tobacco is a major preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. Doctors make one of the best avenues to influence patients' tobacco use. However, medical stud...

    Authors: Sardar Z Imam, Haq Nawaz, Yasir J Sepah, Aqueel H Pabaney, Mahwish Ilyas and Shehzad Ghaffar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:231

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