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  1. Public health interventions are directed towards social systems and it is difficult to foresee all consequences. While targeted outcomes may be positively influenced, interventions may at worst be counterprodu...

    Authors: Maria Emmelin, Lars Weinehall, Hans Stenlund, Stig Wall and Lars Dahlgren
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:190
  2. In recent years, more adolescents are engaging in premarital sex in China. However, only a limited number of studies have explored out-of-school youth's sexual attitudes and behaviors, critical for prevention ...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Xiaoming Li, Bonita Stanton, Vafa Kamali, Sylvie Naar-King, Iqbal Shah and Ronald Thomas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:189
  3. The unequal use of mental health care is a great issue, even in countries with universal health coverage. Better knowledge of the factors that have an impact on the pathway to mental health care may be a great...

    Authors: Viviane Kovess-Masféty, Delphine Saragoussi, Christine Sevilla-Dedieu, Fabien Gilbert, Agnieszka Suchocka, Nathalie Arveiller, Isabelle Gasquet, Nadia Younes and Marie-Christine Hardy-Bayle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:188
  4. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality affecting millions of people worldwide, while placing a noteworthy strain on public health funding. The aim of this study was to assess health...

    Authors: Angelos A Papadopoulos, Nick Kontodimopoulos, Aristidis Frydas, Emmanuel Ikonomakis and Dimitris Niakas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:186
  5. Guidelines recommend multifactorial intervention programmes to prevent falls in older adults but there are few randomised controlled trials in a real life health care setting. We describe the rationale, interv...

    Authors: C Raina Elley, M Clare Robertson, Ngaire M Kerse, Sue Garrett, Eileen McKinlay, Beverley Lawton, Helen Moriarty and A John Campbell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:185
  6. Self-rated health and the factors that influence it have never been described in Singapore before. This paper presents a descriptive study of self-rated health in a nationally representative cross-sectional su...

    Authors: Wei-Yen Lim, Stefan Ma, Derrick Heng, Vineta Bhalla and Suok Kai Chew
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:184
  7. Mental health problems often lead to prolonged sick leave. In primary care, the usual approach towards these patients was the advice to take rest and not return to work before all complaints had disappeared. W...

    Authors: David S Rebergen, David J Bruinvels, Allard J van der Beek and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:183
  8. The objective of the present study was to compare three different sampling and questionnaire administration methods used in the international KIDSCREEN study in terms of participation, response rates, and exte...

    Authors: Silvina Berra, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Michael Erhart, Cristian Tebé, Corinna Bisegger, Wolfgang Duer, Ursula von Rueden, Michael Herdman, Jordi Alonso and Luis Rajmil
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:182
  9. Development of effective behavioral interventions to promote weight control and physical activity among diverse, underserved populations is a public health priority. Community focused wellness organizations, s...

    Authors: Kimberly A Kaphingst, Gary G Bennett, Glorian Sorensen, Karen M Kaphingst, Amy E O'Neil and Kyle McInnis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:181
  10. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most frequent tumour among Caucasian populations worldwide. Among the risk factors associated with this tumour, there are host-related factors and several environmental a...

    Authors: Berta Suárez, Gonzalo López-Abente, Carmen Martínez, Carmen Navarro, Maria José Tormo, Stefano Rosso, Simon Schraub, Lorenzo Gafà, Hélène Sancho-Garnier, Janine Wechsler and Roberto Zanetti
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:180
  11. The aims of this study were to examine the extent to which higher intellectual abilities protect higher socio-economic groups from functional decline and to examine whether the contribution of intellectual abi...

    Authors: Hans Bosma, Martin PJ van Boxtel, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Jacques ThM van Eijk and Jelle Jolles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:179
  12. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to record the prevalence of overweight and obesity in relation to parental education level, parental body mass index and region of residence, in preschool childre...

    Authors: Yiannis Manios, Vassiliki Costarelli, Maria Kolotourou, Katerina Kondakis, Chara Tzavara and George Moschonis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:178
  13. Self-rated health (SRH) has been widely used to research health inequalities in developed western societies, but few such studies are available in developing countries. Similar to many Arab societies, little r...

    Authors: Taghrid Asfar, Balsam Ahmad, Samer Rastam, Tanja P Mulloli, Kenneth D Ward and Wasim Maziak
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:177
  14. Factor structure of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was studied by a survey of subjects who had experienced the 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake (6.8 on the Richter scale) in Japan.

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe, Toshiki Shioiri, Kuriko Kobayashi, Hideki Kuwabara, Masataka Koizumi, Taro Endo, Miki Ito, Hiroko Honma, Noboru Fukushima, Toshiyuki Someya and Kouhei Akazawa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:175
  15. Health administrative data are increasingly used to examine disease occurrence. However, health administrative data are typically available for a limited number of years – posing challenges for estimating dise...

    Authors: Douglas G Manuel, Jenny JY Lim, Peter Tanuseputro and Therésè A Stukel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:174
  16. Given the high prevalence of mental health problems after disasters it is important to study health services utilization. This study examines predictors for mental health services (MHS) utilization among survi...

    Authors: Dirk-Jan den Ouden, Peter G van der Velden, Linda Grievink, Mattijn Morren, Anja JE Dirkzwager and C Joris Yzermans
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:173
  17. Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality have increased in recent years in many countries. We examined age-, sex-, and cause-specific mortality rates for social groups in and regions of Scotland to understand t...

    Authors: Alastair H Leyland, Ruth Dundas, Philip McLoone and F Andrew Boddy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:172
  18. The prevalence of self-reported low back pain among professional cooks was estimated to examine the effects of daily life conditions, job-related factors, and psychological factors on this disorder.

    Authors: Miwako Nagasu, Kazuhiro Sakai, Akiyoshi Ito, Shigeru Tomita, Yoshiomi Temmyo, Mitsuo Ueno and Shigeji Miyagi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:171
  19. A large measles outbreak occurred in Italy in 2002–2003. This study evaluates the health burden and economic impact of measles-related hospitalizations in Italy during the specified period.

    Authors: Antonietta Filia, Antonio Brenna, Augusto Panà, Gianluca Maggio Cavallaro, Marco Massari and Marta L Ciofi degli Atti
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:169
  20. The increasing prevalence of obesity in young women is a major public health concern. These trends have a major impact on pregnancy outcomes in these women, which have been documented by several researchers. I...

    Authors: Sohinee Bhattacharya, Doris M Campbell, William A Liston and Siladitya Bhattacharya
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:168
  21. Physical inactivity is an independent risk factor for diabetes and heart disease. There is evidence that increasing physical activity can reduce the risk of developing these chronic diseases, but less evidence...

    Authors: Sally B Rose, Beverley A Lawton, C Raina Elley, Anthony C Dowell and Anna J Fenton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:166
  22. Latin America, China and India are experiencing unprecedentedly rapid demographic ageing with an increasing number of people with dementia. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group's title refers to the 66% of people...

    Authors: Martin Prince, Cleusa P Ferri, Daisy Acosta, Emiliano Albanese, Raul Arizaga, Michael Dewey, Svetlana I Gavrilova, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, KS Jacob, ES Krishnamoorthy, Paul McKeigue, Juan Llibre Rodriguez, Aquiles Salas, Ana Luisa Sosa, Renata MM Sousa…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:165
  23. Long waiting times for elective surgical treatment threaten timely care provision in several countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of waiting for elective general surgery on the quality...

    Authors: JP Oudhoff, DRM Timmermans, DL Knol, AB Bijnen and G van der Wal
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:164
  24. The evidence for a "diabesity" epidemic is accumulating worldwide but population-based data are still scarce in the African region. We assessed the prevalence, awareness and control of diabetes (DM) in the Sey...

    Authors: David Faeh, Julita William, Luc Tappy, Eric Ravussin and Pascal Bovet
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:163
  25. To present and compare population-based and antenatal-care (ANC) sentinel surveillance HIV prevalence estimates among women in a rural South African population where both provision of ANC services and family p...

    Authors: Brian D Rice, Jörg Bätzing-Feigenbaum, Victoria Hosegood, Frank Tanser, Caterina Hill, Till Barnighausen, Kobus Herbst, Tanya Welz and Marie-Louise Newell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:160
  26. In 2000, the overall rate of injury deaths in children aged 0–14 was 28.7 per 100000 in Estonia, which is more than 5 times higher than the corresponding rate in neighbouring Finland. This paper describes chil...

    Authors: Marika Väli, Katrin Lang, Ruth Soonets, Marika Talumäe and Andrej M Grjibovski
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:158
  27. Community-wide preparedness for pandemic influenza is an issue that has featured prominently in the recent news media, and is currently a priority for health authorities in many countries. The small and medium...

    Authors: Rochelle E Watkins, Feonagh C Cooke, Robert J Donovan, C Raina MacIntyre, Ralf Itzwerth and Aileen J Plant
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:157
  28. Projections of health and social care need are highly sensitive to assumptions about cohort trends in health and disability. We use a repeated population-based cross-sectional study from the Cambridgeshire cen...

    Authors: Carol Jagger, Ruth J Matthews, Fiona E Matthews, Nicola A Spiers, Judith Nickson, Eugene S Paykel, Felicia A Huppert and Carol Brayne
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:156
  29. Mental health problems are a worldwide public health burden. The literature concerning the mental health benefits from physical activity among adults has grown. Adolescents are less studied, and especially lon...

    Authors: Aase Sagatun, Anne Johanne Søgaard, Espen Bjertness, Randi Selmer and Sonja Heyerdahl
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:155
  30. Data are scarce on the long term relationship between leisure time physical activity, smoking and development of metabolic syndrome and diabetes. We wanted to investigate the relationship between leisure time ...

    Authors: Ingar Holme, Serena Tonstad, Anne Johanne Sogaard, Per G Lund Larsen and Lise Lund Haheim
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:154
  31. National level estimates of injuries are not readily available for developing countries. This study estimated the annual incidence, patterns and severity of unintentional injuries among persons over five years...

    Authors: Zafar Fatmi, Wilbur C Hadden, Junaid A Razzak, Huma I Qureshi, Adnan A Hyder and Gregory Pappas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:152
  32. We assessed direct effects of neighborhood-level characteristics and interactive effects of neighborhood-level characteristics and individual socioeconomic position on adult smoking and drinking, after conside...

    Authors: Ying-Chih Chuang, Yu-Sheng Li, Yi-Hua Wu and Hsing Jasmine Chao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:151
  33. The initiation of the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study in 1996, and subsequent follow-up of the cohort 5 years later, provided longitudinal body mass index (BMI) data for a random sample of Canadians.

    Authors: Wilma M Hopman, Cristine Leroux, Claudie Berger, Lawrence Joseph, Susan I Barr, Jerilynn C Prior, Mark Harrison, Suzette Poliquin, Tanveer Towheed, Tassos Anastassiades and David Goltzman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:150
  34. Early onset of menopause is a risk factor for several health problems. The objective was primarily to investigate the association between early menopause and current, past active and passive smoking. A second ...

    Authors: Thea F Mikkelsen, Sidsel Graff-Iversen, Johanne Sundby and Espen Bjertness
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:149
  35. Challenges to retention in prenatal care seem to exist under both universal systems of care, as in Canada, and non-universal systems of care, as in the United States. However, among populations being served by...

    Authors: Suzanne C Tough, Jodi E Siever and David W Johnston
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:148
  36. The ankle brachial index (ABI) is an efficient tool for objectively documenting the presence of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD). However, different methods exist for ABI calculation, which mi...

    Authors: Stefan F Lange, Hans-Joachim Trampisch, David Pittrow, Harald Darius, Matthias Mahn, Jens R Allenberg, Gerhart Tepohl, Roman L Haberl and Curt Diehm
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:147
  37. Learning about the impact of public health policy presents significant challenges for evaluators. These include the nebulous and organic nature of interventions ensuing from policy directives, the tension betw...

    Authors: Mhairi Mackenzie, Avril Blamey, Emma Halliday, Margaret Maxwell, Allyson McCollam, David McDaid, Joanne MacLean, Amy Woodhouse and Stephen Platt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:146
  38. To determine differences among persons who provided blood specimens for HIV testing compared with those who did not among those interviewed for the population-based Zimbabwe Young Adult Survey (YAS).

    Authors: AD McNaghten, Joan M Herold, Hazel M Dube and Michael E St Louis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:145
  39. Mortality rates for older persons in Botswana have been unavailable and little is known of predictors of mortality in old age. This study may serve as a precursor for more detailed assessments.

    Authors: Thomas Clausen, Adrian O Wilson, Robert M Molebatsi and Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:144
  40. Law and policy in several countries require health services to demonstrate that they are promoting racial/ethnic equality. However, suitable and accurate data are usually not available. We demonstrated, using ...

    Authors: CM Fischbacher, R Bhopal, C Povey, M Steiner, J Chalmers, G Mueller, J Jamieson and D Knowles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:142
  41. There is little experience with carefully developed interventions in the HIV/STI prevention field aimed at adult heterosexual target groups in the Netherlands. The ability to apply intervention development pro...

    Authors: Mireille EG Wolfers, Caty van den Hoek, Johannes Brug and Onno de Zwart
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:141
  42. Ensuring the sexual and reproductive health of the population is essential for the wellbeing of a nation. At least three aspects of sexual and reproductive health are among the key policy issues for present Au...

    Authors: Anthony MA Smith, Marian K Pitts, Julia M Shelley, Juliet Richters and Jason Ferris
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:139

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