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  1. A healthcare provider's recommendation to undergo screening has been shown to be one of the strongest predictors of completing a colorectal cancer (CRC) screening test. We sought to determine the relationship ...

    Authors: Mira L Katz, Aimee S James, Michael P Pignone, Marlyn A Hudson, Ethel Jackson, Veronica Oates and Marci K Campbell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:62
  2. This study uses cigarette price elasticity to evaluate the effect of a new excise tax increase on cigarette consumption and to investigate responses from various types of smokers.

    Authors: Jie-Min Lee, Tsorng-Chyi Hwang, Chun-Yuan Ye and Sheng-Hong Chen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:61
  3. It is widely recognized and accepted that job strain adversely impacts the workforce. Individual responses to stressful situations can vary greatly and it has been shown that certain people are more likely to ...

    Authors: Giedrius Vanagas and Susanna Bihari-Axelsson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:59
  4. Malnutrition in children can be a consequence of unfavourable socioeconomic conditions. However, some families maintain adequate nutritional status in their children despite living in poverty. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Hortensia Reyes, Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, Araceli Sandoval, Raúl Castillo, José Ignacio Santos, Svetlana V Doubova and Gonzalo Gutiérrez
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:57
  5. Systematic assessment of recent health research output from India, and its relation with the estimated disease burden, is not available. This information would help understand the areas in health research that...

    Authors: Lalit Dandona, Yegnanarayana S Sivan, Mukkamala N Jyothi, VS Udaya Bhaskar and Rakhi Dandona
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:55
  6. Two contradictory hypotheses have been proposed to explain the relationship between allergic conditions and malignancies, the immune surveillance hypothesis and the antigenic stimulation hypothesis. The former...

    Authors: Karin C Söderberg, Lars Hagmar, Judith Schwartzbaum and Maria Feychting
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:51
  7. Absenteeism due to communicable illness is a major problem encountered by North American elementary school children. Although handwashing is a proven infection control measure, barriers exist in the school env...

    Authors: Emily Meadows and Nicole Le Saux
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:50
  8. Male suicide rates continued to increase in Scotland when rates in England and Wales declined. Female rates decreased, but at a slower rate than in England and Wales. Previous work has suggested higher than av...

    Authors: Cameron Stark, Paddy Hopkins, Diane Gibbs, Tracey Rapson, Alan Belbin and Alistair Hay
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:49
  9. Increasing prevalence of obesity and disorders associated with sedentary living constitute a major global public health problem. While previous evaluations of interventions to increase physical activity have i...

    Authors: Kate Williams, A Toby Prevost, Simon Griffin, Wendy Hardeman, William Hollingworth, David Spiegelhalter, Stephen Sutton, Ulf Ekelund, Nicholas Wareham and Ann Louise Kinmonth
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:48
  10. Registration of the fact of death is almost complete in the city of Chennai and not so in the rural Villupuram district in Tamilnadu, India. The cause of death is often inadequately recorded on the death certi...

    Authors: Vendhan Gajalakshmi and Richard Peto
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:47
  11. The knowledge of factors accurately predicting the long lasting sick leaves is sparse, but information on medical condition is believed to be necessary to identify persons at risk. Based on the current practic...

    Authors: Nils Fleten, Roar Johnsen and Olav Helge Førde
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:46
  12. Antimicrobial resistance is particularly harmful to infectious disease management in low-income countries since expensive second-line drugs are not readily available. The objective of this study was to impleme...

    Authors: Bjørn Blomberg, Davis SM Mwakagile, Willy K Urassa, Samwel Y Maselle, Marcellina Mashurano, Asbjørn Digranes, Stig Harthug and Nina Langeland
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:45
  13. The SF-36 is one of the most widely used self-completion measures of health status. The inclusion of the SF-36 in the first Australian national household panel survey, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics...

    Authors: Peter Butterworth and Timothy Crosier
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:44
  14. Cigarette smoking prevalence among gay men is twice that of population levels. A pilot community-level intervention was developed and evaluated aiming to meet UK Government cessation and cancer prevention targ...

    Authors: Richard Harding, James Bensley and Nick Corrigan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:43
  15. Evidence on the relation between fear of war and mental health is insufficient. We carried out a prospective cohort study to find out whether fear of nuclear war is related to increased risk of common mental d...

    Authors: Kari Poikolainen, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Annamari Tuulio-Henriksson, Mauri Marttunen and Jouko Lönnqvist
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:42
  16. This study sought to identify the extent to which employee level and work stressors were associated with mental health problems experienced by Australian government employees, and with their use of primary car...

    Authors: Ruth A Parslow, Anthony F Jorm, Helen Christensen, Dorothy H Broom, Lyndall Strazdins and Rennie M D' Souza
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:41
  17. On 30th July 2002, the Suffolk Communicable Disease Control Team received notifications of gastrointestinal illness due to Salmonella Enteritidis in subjects who had eaten food from a Chinese restaurant on 27th J...

    Authors: Padmanabhan Badrinath, Torbjorn Sundkvist, Hamid Mahgoub and Richard Kent
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:40
  18. The Internet provides a new meeting ground, especially for gay men, that did not exist in the early 1990s. Several studies have found increased levels of high risk sexual behaviour and sexually transmissible i...

    Authors: Jonathan Elford, Graham Bolding, Mark Davis, Lorraine Sherr and Graham Hart
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:39
  19. There are multiple studies in different countries regarding the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. These studies showed high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Asian countries. This study tries to elucidat...

    Authors: Sima Hashemipour, Bagher Larijani, Hossein Adibi, Ebrahim Javadi, Mojtaba Sedaghat, Mohammad Pajouhi, Akbar Soltani, Ali Reza Shafaei, Zohreh Hamidi, Ali Reza Khalili Fard, Arash Hossein-Nezhad and Fargol Booya
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:38
  20. One estimate suggests that by 2010 more than 30% of a physician's time will be spent using information technology tools. The aim of this study is to assess the information and communication technologies (ICT) ...

    Authors: Miriam Samuel, John C Coombes, J Jaime Miranda, Rob Melvin, Eoin JW Young and Pejman Azarmina
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:37
  21. Influenza vaccination has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality in the older adult population. In Canada, vaccination rates remain suboptimal. We identified factors predictive of influenza vaccination, ...

    Authors: Melissa K Andrew, Shelly McNeil, Heather Merry and Kenneth Rockwood
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:36
  22. Previous smallpox ring vaccination models based on contact tracing over a network suggest that ring vaccination would be effective, but have not explicitly included response logistics and limited numbers of va...

    Authors: Travis C Porco, Karen A Holbrook, Susan E Fernyak, Diane L Portnoy, Randy Reiter and Tomás J Aragón
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:34
  23. Numerous malaria epidemics have occurred in western Kenya, with increasing frequency over the past 20 years. A variety of hypotheses on the etiology of these epidemics have been put forth, with different impli...

    Authors: John C Carlson, Brian D Byrd and Francois X Omlin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:33
  24. We assessed whether the Korean version of modified Mini-Mental State Examination (K-mMMSE) has improved performance as a screening test for cognitive impairment or dementia in a general population compared wit...

    Authors: Seul-Ki Jeong, Ki-Hyun Cho and Jae-Min Kim
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:31
  25. Meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis is a serious infection which is most common in young children and adolescents. This study investigated the relationships between the incidence and age distribution of m...

    Authors: Christopher J Williams, Lorna J Willocks, Iain R Lake and Paul R Hunter
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:30
  26. Many Japanese believe that low-yield cigarettes are less hazardous than regular cigarettes, and many smokers consume low-yield cigarettes to reduce their risks from smoking. We evaluate the association between...

    Authors: Atsuko Nakazawa, Masako Shigeta and Kotaro Ozasa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:28
  27. Inadequate cervical smears cannot be analysed, can cause distress to women, are a financial burden to the NHS and may lead to further unnecessary procedures being undertaken. Furthermore, the proportion of ina...

    Authors: Wayne N Harrison, Mohammed A Mohammed, Michael K Wall and Tom P Marshall
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:25
  28. Birth defects, which are the major cause of infant mortality and a leading cause of disability, refer to "Any anomaly, functional or structural, that presents in infancy or later in life and is caused by event...

    Authors: Jilei Wu, Jinfeng Wang, Bin Meng, Gong Chen, Lihua Pang, Xinming Song, Keli Zhang, Ting Zhang and Xiaoying Zheng
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:23
  29. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a major public health problem among young people and can lead to the spread of HIV. Previous studies have primarily addressed barriers to STD care for symptomatic patie...

    Authors: Elizabeth C Tilson, Victoria Sanchez, Chandra L Ford, Marlene Smurzynski, Peter A Leone, Kimberley K Fox, Kathleen Irwin and William C Miller
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:21
  30. The risk compensation theory is a widely used concept in transport economics to analyze driver risk behaviour. This article explores the feasibility of applying the theory in blood transfusion to raise importa...

    Authors: Mo Amin, Kumanan Wilson, Alan Tinmouth and Paul Hébert
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:20
  31. Young people are of particular importance in state policies against Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). We intended to assess the knowledge and attitude of high school students regarding AIDS in Iran.

    Authors: Anahita Tavoosi, Azadeh Zaferani, Anahita Enzevaei, Parvin Tajik and Zahra Ahmadinezhad
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:17
  32. Worldwide, injuries from road traffic collisions are a rapidly growing problem in terms of morbidity and mortality. The UK has amongst the worst records in Europe with regard to child pedestrian safety. A trad...

    Authors: Paul Hewson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:15
  33. Any hypothesis in longitudinal studies may be affected by attrition and poor response rates. The MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing study (MRC CFAS) is a population based longitudinal study in five centres with...

    Authors: Fiona E Matthews, Mark Chatfield, Carol Freeman, Cherie McCracken, Carol Brayne and MRC CFAS
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2004 4:12

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