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  1. As in many European countries, undocumented migrants in Denmark have restricted access to healthcare. The aim of this study is to describe and analyse undocumented migrants' experiences of access to healthcare...

    Authors: Dan Biswas, Maria Kristiansen, Allan Krasnik and Marie Norredam
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:560
  2. Dental decay is the most common childhood disease worldwide and most of the decay remains untreated. In the Philippines caries levels are among the highest in the South East Asian region. Elementary school chi...

    Authors: Habib Benzian, Bella Monse, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Martin Hobdell, Jan Mulder and Wim van Palenstein Helderman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:558
  3. Pneumonia is a leading cause of childhood hospitalisation and child mortality in Africa. This study explores local interpretations of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs), focusing on caretakers of children und...

    Authors: Lianne Straus, Khátia Munguambe, Quique Bassat, Sonia Machevo, Christopher Pell, Anna Roca and Robert Pool
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:556
  4. Depressive disorders have been associated with a number of co-morbidities, and we hypothesized that patients with a depression diagnosis would be heavy users of health care services, not only when first evalua...

    Authors: David Andersson, Henrik Magnusson, John Carstensen and Lars Borgquist
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:552
  5. In the Kilimanjaro region the mother-in-law has traditionally had an important role in matters related to reproduction and childcare. The aim of this study was to explore the role of the mothers-in-law in prev...

    Authors: Eli Fjeld Falnes, Karen Marie Moland, Thorkild Tylleskär, Marina Manuela de Paoli, Sebalda Charles Leshabari and Ingunn MS Engebretsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:551
  6. In 2005, Rwanda drafted a national TB/HIV policy and began scaling-up collaborative TB/HIV activities. Prior to the scale-up, we evaluated existing TB/HIV practices, possible barriers to policy and programmati...

    Authors: Eric S Pevzner, Greet Vandebriel, David W Lowrance, Michel Gasana and Alyssa Finlay
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:550
  7. Targeted interventions (TIs) have been a major strategy for HIV prevention in India. We evaluated the impact of TIs on HIV prevalence in high HIV prevalence southern states (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Prade...

    Authors: Rajesh Kumar, Sanjay M Mehendale, Samiran Panda, S Venkatesh, PVM Lakshmi, Manmeet Kaur, Shankar Prinja, Tarundeep Singh, Navkiran K Virdi, Pankaj Bahuguna, Arun K Sharma, Samiksha Singh, Sheela V Godbole, Arun Risbud, Boymkesh Manna, V Thirumugal…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:549
  8. We sought to evaluate the hypothesis that mental health impairment in underweight women, where this occurs, is due to an association between low body weight and elevated levels of body dissatisfaction and/or e...

    Authors: Jonathan Mond, Bryan Rodgers, Phillipa Hay and Cathy Owen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:547
  9. Qigong, similar to Tai Chi Chuan, is beneficial to health. In Taiwan, Waitankung, a type of Qigong, is as popular as Tai Chi Chuan. This population-based comparison study compares the health-related quality of...

    Authors: Tsung-Jung Ho, David C Christiani, Tso-Chiang Ma, Tsong-Rong Jang, Chih-Hui Lieng, Yi-Chun Yeh, Shinn-Zong Lin, Jaung-Geng Lin, Jim-Shoung Lai and Tzuo-Yun Lan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:546
  10. Heavy alcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults is an issue of significant public concern. With approximately 50% of young people aged 18-24 attending tertiary education, there is an opportunity w...

    Authors: Nicola J Reavley, Anthony F Jorm, Terence V McCann and Dan I Lubman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:545
  11. The study was conducted at a high TB-HIV burden primary health community clinic in Cape Town, South Africa. We describe the management of children under five years of age in household contact with a smear and/...

    Authors: Susan S van Wyk, Anthony J Reid, Anna M Mandalakas, Donald A Enarson, Nulda Beyers, Julie Morrison and Anneke C Hesseling
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:544
  12. Recent studies suggest that neighborhood fast food restaurant availability is related to greater obesity, yet few studies have investigated whether neighborhood fast food restaurant availability promotes fast ...

    Authors: Andrea S Richardson, Janne Boone-Heinonen, Barry M Popkin and Penny Gordon-Larsen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:543
  13. Limited studies have prospectively examined the role of body mass index (BMI) as a major risk factor for asthma during adolescence. This study investigates whether BMI is associated with increased risk of deve...

    Authors: Wen-Chao Ho, Yu-Sheng Lin, James L Caffrey, Meng-Hung Lin, Hui-Tsung Hsu, Leann Myers, Pau-Chung Chen and Ruey-Shiung Lin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:542
  14. Hospitals are often the epicentres of newly circulating infections. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk of acquiring infectious diseases and may be among the first to contract emerging infections. This ...

    Authors: Adamma Aghaizu, Gillian Elam, Fortune Ncube, Gail Thomson, Emese Szilágyi, Tim Eckmanns, Garyphallia Poulakou and Mike Catchpole
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:541
  15. Despite the popular use of vitamin supplements and several prospective cohort studies investigating their effect on cancer incidence and cardiovascular disease (CVD), scientific data supporting their benefits ...

    Authors: Azusa Hara, Shizuka Sasazuki, Manami Inoue, Taichi Shimazu, Motoki Iwasaki, Norie Sawada, Taiki Yamaji, Junko Ishihara, Hiroyasu Iso and Shoichiro Tsugane
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:540
  16. Low participation in population-based follow-up studies addressing psychosocial risk factors may cause biased estimation of health risk but the issue has seldom been examined. We compared risk estimates for se...

    Authors: Linda Kaerlev, Henrik A Kolstad, Åse Marie Hansen, Jane Frølund Thomsen, Anette Kærgaard, Reiner Rugulies, Sigurd Mikkelsen, Johan Hviid Andersen, Ole Mors, Matias B Grynderup and Jens Peter Bonde
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:539
  17. Antibiotics sales without medical prescriptions are increasingly recognized as sources of antimicrobial misuse that can exacerbate the global burden of antibiotic resistance. We aimed to determine the percenta...

    Authors: Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Mohamad A Al Tannir, Mohammed A Almansor, Mohammed S Almohaya, Atallah S Onazi, Mohammed A Marei, Oweida F Aldossary, Sadek A Obeidat, Mustafa A Obeidat, Muhammad S Riaz and Imad M Tleyjeh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:538
  18. This study assessed lay perceptions of issues related to predictive genetic testing for multifactorial diseases. These perceived issues may differ from the "classic" issues, e.g. autonomy, discrimination, and ...

    Authors: Miranda Wijdenes-Pijl, Wybo J Dondorp, Danielle RM Timmermans, Martina C Cornel and Lidewij Henneman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:535
  19. This study aims to determine the maximum price at which HIV vaccination is cost-effective in the Thai healthcare setting. It also aims to identify the relative importance of vaccine characteristics and risk be...

    Authors: Pattara Leelahavarong, Yot Teerawattananon, Pitsaphun Werayingyong, Chutima Akaleephan, Nakorn Premsri, Chawetsan Namwat, Wiwat Peerapatanapokin and Viroj Tangcharoensathien
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:534
  20. Self-management is the cornerstone of diabetes control and prevention of complications; however, it is undetermined whether differences in intention to adopt healthy lifestyles and actual healthy behavior exis...

    Authors: James R Gavin III, Kathleen M Fox and Susan Grandy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:533
  21. Outdoor air pollution, given its demonstrated negative effects on the respiratory system, is a growing public health concern worldwide, particularly in urban cities. Human exposure to pollutants such as ozone,...

    Authors: Amir Y Tashakkor, Katherine S Chow and Chris Carlsten
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:532
  22. Injuries affect all age groups but have a particular impact on young people. To evaluate the incidence of non-fatal, unintentional, injuries among undergraduates in Wenzhou, China, assess the burden caused by ...

    Authors: Hongying Shi, Xinjun Yang, Chenping Huang, Zumu Zhou, Qiang Zhou and Maoping Chu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:531
  23. As highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) restores health, fertility and sexual activity among HIV-infected adults, understanding how ART influences reproductive desires and decisions could inform interven...

    Authors: Rachel King, Kenneth Khana, Sylvia Nakayiwa, David Katuntu, Jaco Homsy, Pille Lindkvist, Eva Johansson and Rebecca Bunnell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:530
  24. Self-reported health status in underserved population of prisoners has not been extensively explored. The purposes of this cross-sectional study were to assess self-reported health, quality of life, and access...

    Authors: Carmelo GA Nobile, Domenico Flotta, Gaetano Nicotera, Claudia Pileggi and Italo F Angelillo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:529
  25. Alcohol dependence affects approximately 3% of the English population, and accounts for significant medical and psychiatric morbidity. Only 5.6% of alcohol-dependent individuals ever access specialist treatmen...

    Authors: Lynn Owens, Graham Butcher, Ian Gilmore, Ruwanthi Kolamunnage-Dona, James Oyee, Liz Perkins, Tom Walley, Paula Williamson, Ken Wilson and Munir Pirmohamed
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:528
  26. Only few studies with small experimental samples investigated the impact of psychoactive substances on driving performance. We conducted a multicenter international cross-sectional study to evaluate the correl...

    Authors: Roberta Siliquini, Fabrizio Bert, Francisco Alonso, Paola Berchialla, Alessandra Colombo, Axel Druart, Marcin Kedzia, Valeria Siliquini, Daniel Vankov, Anita Villerusa and Lamberto Manzoli
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:526
  27. Cancer patients' knowledge about cancer and experiences with its treatment play an important role in long-term adherence in their disease management. This study aimed to explore cancer patients' knowledge abou...

    Authors: Maryam Farooqui, Mohamed A Hassali, Aishah K Shatar, Asrul A Shafie, Tan B Seang and Muhammad A Farooqui
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:525
  28. Approximately one third of New Zealand children and young people are overweight or obese. A similar proportion (33%) do not meet recommendations for physical activity, and 70% do not meet recommendations for s...

    Authors: Ralph Maddison, Cliona Ni Mhurchu, Louise Foley, Leonard Epstein, Yannan Jiang, Midi Tsai, Ofa Dewes and Ihirangi Heke
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:524
  29. The reproductive and mental health of women contributes significantly to their overall well-being. Three of the eight Millennium Development Goals are directly related to reproductive and sexual health while m...

    Authors: Jasim Anwar, Elias Mpofu, Lynda R Matthews, Ahmed Farah Shadoul and Kaye E Brock
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:523
  30. Weight loss is challenging and maintenance of weight loss is problematic among midlife and older rural women. Finding effective interventions using innovative delivery methods that can reach underserved and vu...

    Authors: Patricia A Hageman, Carol H Pullen, Melody Hertzog, Linda S Boeckner and Susan Noble Walker
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:521
  31. China has been experiencing the largest rural to urban migration in history. Rural-to-urban migrants are those who leave their hometown for another place in order to work or live without changing their hukou stat...

    Authors: Peiyuan Qiu, Yang Yang, Juying Zhang and Xiao Ma
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:520
  32. The IeDEA West Africa Pediatric Working Group (pWADA) was established in January 2007 to study the care and treatment of HIV-infected children in this region. We describe here the characteristics at antiretrov...

    Authors: Didier K Ekouevi, Alain Azondekon, Fatoumata Dicko, Karen Malateste, Pety Touré, François T Eboua, Kouakou Kouadio, Lorna Renner, Kevin Peterson, François Dabis, Haby Signaté Sy and Valeriane Leroy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:519
  33. Intensive combined lifestyle interventions are the recommended treatment for severely obese children and adolescents, but there is a lack of studies and their cost-effectiveness. The objective of this study is...

    Authors: Sabine Makkes, Jutka Halberstadt, Carry M Renders, Judith E Bosmans, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg and Jacob C Seidell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:518
  34. Estonia has experienced an HIV epidemic among intravenous drug users (IDUs) with the highest per capita HIV prevalence in Eastern Europe. We assessed the effects of expanded syringe exchange programs (SEP) in ...

    Authors: Anneli Uusküla, Don C Des Jarlais, Mart Kals, Kristi Rüütel, Katri Abel-Ollo, Ave Talu and Igor Sobolev
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:517
  35. Cancer is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In patients without kidney disease, screening is a major strategy for reducing the risk of cancer and improving...

    Authors: Germaine Wong, Kirsten Howard, Jeremy R Chapman, Allison Tong, Michael J Bourke, Andrew Hayen, Petra Macaskill, Richard L Hope, Narelle Williams, Anh Kieu, Richard Allen, Steven Chadban, Carol Pollock, Angela Webster, Simon D Roger and Jonathan C Craig
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:516
  36. The two issues mostly affecting the success of tuberculosis (TB) control programmes are delay in presentation and non-adherence to treatment. It is important to understand the factors that contribute to these ...

    Authors: John G Ayisi, Anna H van't Hoog, Janet A Agaya, Walter Mchembere, Peter O Nyamthimba, Odylia Muhenje and Barbara J Marston
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:515
  37. Public health researchers are increasingly encouraged to establish international collaborations and to undertake cross-national comparative studies. To-date relatively few such studies have addressed migration...

    Authors: Sarah M Salway, Gina Higginbottom, Birgit Reime, Kuldip K Bharj, Punita Chowbey, Caroline Foster, Jule Friedrich, Kate Gerrish, Zubia Mumtaz and Beverley O'Brien
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:514
  38. Health professionals have an important role to play in the management of obesity, but may be unsure how to raise weight issues with patients. The societal stigma associated with excess weight means that weight...

    Authors: Cindy M Gray, Kate Hunt, Karen Lorimer, Annie S Anderson, Michaela Benzeval and Sally Wyke
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:513
  39. Tobacco control policies at the state level have been a critical impetus for reduction in smoking prevalence. We examine the association between recent changes in smoking prevalence and state-specific tobacco ...

    Authors: Ahmedin Jemal, Michael Thun, Xue Q Yu, Anne M Hartman, Vilma Cokkinides, Melissa M Center, Hana Ross and Elizabeth M Ward
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:512
  40. Financial reform aims to overcome the problems of financial barriers and utilization of health services. However, it is unclear whether financial reforms or health insurance can reduce delays and/or barriers o...

    Authors: Tippawan Liabsuetrakul and Nurlisa Oumudee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:510
  41. Inadequate utilization of healthcare services by migrant populations is an important public health concern. Inadequate drug consumption and poor compliance to the therapeutic regimen are common manifestations ...

    Authors: Anna Volodina, Thilo Bertsche, Karel Kostev, Volker Winkler, Walter Emil Haefeli and Heiko Becher
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:509
  42. Tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) is a serious threat to child health. Roughly 40% of children worldwide are exposed to tobacco smoke, and the very young are often "captive smokers" in homes in which others smoke.

    Authors: Laura J Rosen, Nurit Guttman, Melbourne F Hovell, Michal Ben Noach, Jonathan P Winickoff, Shosh Tchernokovski, Joseph K Rosenblum, Uri Rubenstein, Vered Seidmann, Constantine I Vardavas, Neil E Klepeis and David M Zucker
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:508
  43. The beneficial effect of physical activity for the prevention of a range of chronic diseases is widely acknowledged. These chronic conditions are most pronounced in economically disadvantaged groups where phys...

    Authors: Janet Withall, Russell Jago and Kenneth R Fox
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:507
  44. Male circumcision (MC) has been shown to be effective against heterosexual acquisition of HIV infection and is being scaled up as an additional strategy against HIV in several countries of Africa. However, the...

    Authors: Joseph R Mwanga, Mwita Wambura, Jacklin F Mosha, Gerry Mshana, Frank Mosha and John Changalucha
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2011 11:506

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