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  1. To estimate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in a population receiving attention in primary care centers (PCC) we selected a random cohort of ostensibly normal subjects from the registers of 5 basic-h...

    Authors: Joan-Josep Cabré, Francisco Martín, Bernardo Costa, Josep L Piñol, Josep L Llor, Yolanda Ortega, Josep Basora, Marta Baldrich, Rosa Solà, Jordi Daniel, Josep Ma Hernández, Judit Saumell, Jordi Bladé, Ramon Sagarra, Teresa Basora, Dolors Montañés…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:251
  2. Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem in the Sultanate of Oman. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and perception of diabetes in a sample of the Omani general population, and the associati...

    Authors: Mohammed A Al Shafaee, Sulaiman Al-Shukaili, Syed Gauher A Rizvi, Yahya Al Farsi, Mushtaq A Khan, Shyam S Ganguly, Mustafa Afifi and Samir Al Adawi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:249
  3. Although evidence has shown high prevalence rates of tobacco use in the general urban populations in China, relatively little is known in its rural population. The purposes of this study were to examine smokin...

    Authors: Tingzhong Yang, Fuzhong Li, Xiaozhao Yang, Zhenyi Wu, Xiangxian Feng, Yibo Wang, Xuhui Wang and Abu Saleh M Abdullah
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:248
  4. Public information about prevention of zoonoses should be based on the perceived problem by the public and should be adapted to regional circumstances. Growing fox populations have led to increasing concern ab...

    Authors: Daniel Hegglin, Fabio Bontadina, Sandra Gloor, Thomas Romig, Peter Deplazes and Peter Kern
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:247
  5. This study was carried out to compare the HRQoL of patients in general practice with differing chronic diseases with the HRQoL of patients without chronic conditions, to evaluate the HRQoL of general practice ...

    Authors: Hong-Mei Wang, Martin Beyer, Jochen Gensichen and Ferdinand M Gerlach
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:246
  6. The occurrence of tuberculosis (TB), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and viral hepatitis infections in the same patient poses unique clinical and public health challenges, because medications to treat TB a...

    Authors: Chawin Sirinak, Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Duangporn Pinjeesekikul, Pricha Charusuntonsri, Phinai Luanloed, La-ong Srisuwanvilai, Sriprapa Nateniyom, Somsak Akksilp, Sirirat Likanonsakul, Wanchai Sattayawuthipong, Channawong Burapat and Jay K Varma
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:245
  7. In Africa low birth weight (LBW) (<2500 g), is the strongest determinant of infant morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of maternal anthropometry, education and socio-econo...

    Authors: Eltahir M Elshibly and Gerd Schmalisch
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:244
  8. To examine the association of social ties and income with self reported health, in order to investigate if social ties have a greater impact on the health of people on low incomes compared to those financially...

    Authors: Zoë Heritage, Richard G Wilkinson, Olivier Grimaud and Kate E Pickett
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:243
  9. More so than the traditional socioeconomic indicators, such as education and income, wealth reflects the accumulation of resources and makes socioeconomic ranking manifest and explicitly visible to the outside...

    Authors: Daniëlle AI Groffen, Hans Bosma, Marjan van den Akker, Gertrudis IJM Kempen and Jacques TM van Eijk
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:242
  10. Brucellosis continues to be an important source of morbidity in several countries, particularly among agricultural and pastoral populations. The purpose of this study was to examine if there is an effect on th...

    Authors: Eleni Jelastopulu, Christos Bikas, Chrysanthos Petropoulos and Michalis Leotsinidis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:241
  11. Vaccine-preventable diseases cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide and in developing countries in particular. Information on coverage and reasons for non-vaccination is vital to enhance overall v...

    Authors: Banu Cakir, Sarp Uner, Fehminaz Temel and Levent Akin
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:240
  12. The effects of psychosocial risk factors on population health and health inequalities has featured prominently in epidemiological research literature as well as public health policy strategies. We have conduct...

    Authors: Matt Egan, Carol Tannahill, Mark Petticrew and Sian Thomas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:239
  13. "Smoke-Free" legislation prohibiting smoking in all enclosed public places was introduced in March 2006. This qualitative study presents insights from bar workers about their observations of the changing socia...

    Authors: Shona Hilton, Jane Cameron, Alice MacLean and Mark Petticrew
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:238
  14. Intestinal parasitic infections are among the most common infections worldwide. Various epidemiological studies indicate that the prevalence of intestinal parasites is high especially in developing countries, ...

    Authors: Robert M Nyarango, Peninah A Aloo, Ephantus W Kabiru and Benson O Nyanchongi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:237
  15. Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is an ongoing public health problem in Taiwan. The National Tuberculosis Registry Campaign, a case management system, was implemented in 1997. This study examined this moni...

    Authors: Jimmy PS Chern, Duan-Rung Chen and Tzai-Hung Wen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:236
  16. The European Diabetes Prevention Study (EDIPS) is an RCT of diet and exercise interventions in people with impaired glucose tolerance. We undertook a qualitative study, nested within the EDIPS in Newcastle-upo...

    Authors: Linda Penn, Suzanne M Moffatt and Martin White
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:235
  17. Research on the motivational model proposed by Self-Determination Theory (SDT) provides theoretically sound insights into reasons why people adopt and maintain exercise and other health behaviors, and allows f...

    Authors: Marlene N Silva, David Markland, Cláudia S Minderico, Paulo N Vieira, Margarida M Castro, Sílvia R Coutinho, Teresa C Santos, Margarida G Matos, Luís B Sardinha and Pedro J Teixeira
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:234
  18. Neonatal mortality accounts for almost 40 per cent of under-five child mortality, globally. An understanding of the factors related to neonatal mortality is important to guide the development of focused and ev...

    Authors: Christiana R Titaley, Michael J Dibley, Kingsley Agho, Christine L Roberts and John Hall
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:232
  19. There is a considerable public health burden due to physical inactivity, because it is a major independent risk factor for several diseases (e.g., type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, moderate mood disorde...

    Authors: Narcis Gusi, Maria C Reyes, Jose L Gonzalez-Guerrero, Emilio Herrera and Jose M Garcia
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:231
  20. Despite endorsement by national organizations, the impact of screening for intimate partner violence (IPV) is understudied, particularly as it occurs in different clinical settings. We analyzed interviews of I...

    Authors: Jane Liebschutz, Tracy Battaglia, Erin Finley and Tali Averbuch
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:229
  21. Non-communicable diseases (NCD) accounts for more than a third (37%) of all deaths in South Africa. However, this burden of disease can be reduced by addressing risk factors. The aim of this study was to deter...

    Authors: Tracy L Kolbe-Alexander, Chris Buckmaster, Craig Nossel, Liezel Dreyer, Fiona Bull, Timothy D Noakes and Estelle V Lambert
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:228
  22. National and state surveys show large disparities in pneumococcal vaccination status among Whites, Blacks and Latinos aged ≥ 65. The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is any difference in the...

    Authors: Nancy P Gordon, Pascale M Wortley, James A Singleton, Teresa Y Lin and Barbara H Bardenheier
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:227
  23. Major depression is a common mental health problem in the general population, associated with a substantial impact on quality of life and societal costs. However, many depressed patients in primary care do not...

    Authors: L Esther de Graaf, Sylvia AH Gerhards, Silvia MAA Evers, Arnoud Arntz, Heleen Riper, Johan L Severens, Guy Widdershoven, Job FM Metsemakers and Marcus JH Huibers
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:224
  24. Although several previous projects have attempted to address the issue of child obesity through school-based interventions, the overall effectiveness of school-based programs on health-related outcomes in yout...

    Authors: Joey C Eisenmann, Douglas A Gentile, Gregory J Welk, Randi Callahan, Sarah Strickland, Monica Walsh and David A Walsh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:223
  25. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is generally considered a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. However, population-based data are very limited and its overall burden is unclear. This study...

    Authors: Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Angel Vila-Córcoles, Cinta de Diego, Victoria Arija, Monica Maxenchs, Montserrat Grive, Enrique Martin and Josep L Pinyol
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:222
  26. The prevalence of comorbidity is high, with 80% of the elderly population having three or more chronic conditions. Comorbidity is associated with a decline in many health outcomes and increases in mortality an...

    Authors: Gillian E Caughey, Agnes I Vitry, Andrew L Gilbert and Elizabeth E Roughead
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:221
  27. Early HIV diagnosis reduces transmission and improves health outcomes; screening in non-traditional settings is increasingly advocated. We compared test venues by the number of new diagnoses successfully linke...

    Authors: Michael S Lyons, Christopher J Lindsell, DeAnna A Hawkins RN, Dana L Raab RN, Alexander T Trott and Carl J Fichtenbaum
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:220
  28. The criterion for dementia implicit in DSM-IV is widely used in research but not fully operationalised. The 10/66 Dementia Research Group sought to do this using assessments from their one phase dementia diagn...

    Authors: Martin J Prince, Juan Llibre de Rodriguez, L Noriega, A Lopez, Daisy Acosta, Emiliano Albanese, Raul Arizaga, John RM Copeland, Michael Dewey, Cleusa P Ferri, Mariella Guerra, Yueqin Huang, KS Jacob, ES Krishnamoorthy, Paul McKeigue, Renata Sousa…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:219
  29. Schools have the potential to influence their pupils' behaviour through the school's social organisation and culture (non-formal school characteristics), as well as through the formal curriculum. This paper ex...

    Authors: Marion Henderson, Russell Ecob, Daniel Wight and Charles Abraham
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:218
  30. A large proportion of adults fail to meet public health guidelines for physical activity as well as fruit, vegetable and fat intake. Interventions are needed to improve these health behaviors. Both computer ta...

    Authors: Hilde M van Keulen, Ilse Mesters, Johannes Brug, Marlein Ausems, Marci Campbell, Ken Resnicow, Paul J Zwietering, Gerard van Breukelen, Willem van Mechelen, Johan L Severens and Hein de Vries
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:216
  31. Self-rated health status (SRHS) is a reliable and valid measure for assessing the subjective and objective health of individuals. Previous studies have either focused predominantly on the elderly or investigat...

    Authors: Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Patrick Brzoska, Claudia Maier, Veronika Ottova, Sabine Meier, Urszula Dudziak, Snezhana Ilieva and Walid El Ansari
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:215
  32. To analyse the relationships between mental health and employment commitment among prisoners and the long-term unemployed (LTU) trying to return to work.

    Authors: Michèle Baumann, Raymond Meyers, Etienne Le Bihan and Claude Houssemand
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:214
  33. To date, few studies have assessed the association between the number of children and obesity in couples. We aimed to investigate this association in men and women aged 20–75 years.

    Authors: Enayatollah Bakhshi, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Kazem Mohammad, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Hojat Zeraati, Akbar Fotouhi, Fraidon Siassi and Behjat Seifi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:213
  34. Enteric outbreaks associated with child care centres (CCC) have been well documented internationally and in Canada. The current literature focuses on identifying potential risk factors for introduction and tra...

    Authors: Marsha Taylor, Cindy L Adams and Andrea Ellis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:212
  35. Depression in older adults is a serious health problem with a poor prognosis. There is a need for indicated preventive psychological interventions for older adults, that show to be promising in preventing depr...

    Authors: Anne Margriet Pot, Anne-Sophie Melenhorst, Simone Onrust and Ernst T Bohlmeijer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:211
  36. Population-based perception studies on potential causes and triggers of intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) may enlighten context-relevant primary preventive actions in settings where data are limi...

    Authors: Behrooz Hamzeh, Mirtaghi Garousi Farshi and Lucie Laflamme
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:209
  37. Due to high prevalence and serious impacts, childhood caries represents a public health issue. Behavioural risk factors such as locus of health control have been implicated in the development of the disease; h...

    Authors: Erika Lenčová, Hynek Pikhart, Zdeněk Broukal and Georgios Tsakos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:208
  38. Epidemiological studies suggest that only some distressed individuals seek help from primary care and that pathways to mental health care appear to be ethnically patterned. However few research studies examine...

    Authors: Katja Rüdell, Kamaldeep Bhui and Stefan Priebe
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:207
  39. The aim of this study was to investigate whether physical activity (in general, and more specifically, walking and cycling during leisure time and for commuting purposes, sports and gardening) is an underlying...

    Authors: Jolanda Maas, Robert A Verheij, Peter Spreeuwenberg and Peter P Groenewegen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:206
  40. The Tanzania National Voucher Scheme (TNVS) uses the public health system and the commercial sector to deliver subsidised insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) to pregnant women. The system began operation in Octobe...

    Authors: Kara Hanson, Rose Nathan, Tanya Marchant, Hadji Mponda, Caroline Jones, Jane Bruce, Godlove Stephen, Jo Mulligan, Hassan Mshinda and Joanna Armstrong Schellenberg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:205
  41. Socioeconomic changes have led to profound changes in individuals' lifestyles, including the adoption of unhealthy food consumption patterns, prevalent tobacco use, alcohol abuse and physical inactivity, espec...

    Authors: Oanh TH Trinh, Nguyen D Nguyen, Michael J Dibley, Philayrath Phongsavan and Adrian E Bauman
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:204
  42. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Tobacco smoking is its primary cause, and yet the precise molecular alterations induced by smoking in lung tissue that lead to lung cancer and im...

    Authors: Maria Teresa Landi, Dario Consonni, Melissa Rotunno, Andrew W Bergen, Alisa M Goldstein, Jay H Lubin, Lynn Goldin, Michael Alavanja, Glen Morgan, Amy F Subar, Ilona Linnoila, Fabrizio Previdi, Massimo Corno, Maurizia Rubagotti, Barbara Marinelli, Benedetta Albetti…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:203
  43. There is evidence that poverty, health and nutrition affect children's cognitive development. This study aimed to examine the relative contributions of both proximal and distal risk factors on child cognitive ...

    Authors: Darci N Santos, Ana Marlúcia O Assis, Ana Cecília S Bastos, Letícia M Santos, Carlos Antonio ST Santos, Agostino Strina, Matildes S Prado, Naomar M Almeida-Filho, Laura C Rodrigues and Mauricio L Barreto
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:202

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