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  1. Serious injuries have been stated as a public health priority in the UK. However, there appears to be a lack of information on population-based rates of serious injury (as defined by a recognised taxonomy of i...

    Authors: Roxana Alexandrescu, Sarah J O'Brien and Fiona E Lecky
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:226
  2. Blood lead concentrations (B-Pb) were measured in 3 879 Swedish school children during the period 1978–2007. The objective was to study the effect of the proximity to lead sources based on the children's home ...

    Authors: Emilie Stroh, Thomas Lundh, Anna Oudin, Staffan Skerfving and Ulf Strömberg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:225
  3. Built environment attributes are recognized as being important contributors to physical activity (PA) engagement and body size in adults and children. However, much of the existing research in this emergent pu...

    Authors: Hannah M Badland, Grant M Schofield, Karen Witten, Philip J Schluter, Suzanne Mavoa, Robin A Kearns, Erica A Hinckson, Melody Oliver, Hector Kaiwai, Victoria G Jensen, Christina Ergler, Leslie McGrath and Julia McPhee
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:224
  4. Crime in a neighbourhood has been recognized as a key stressor in the residential environment. Fear of crime is related to risk assessment, which depends on the concentration of objective risk in time and spac...

    Authors: Agneta Kullberg, Nadine Karlsson, Toomas Timpka and Kent Lindqvist
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:221
  5. Homeless persons with HIV/AIDS have greater morbidity and mortality, more hospitalizations, less use of antiretroviral therapy, and worse medication adherence than HIV-infected persons who are stably housed. W...

    Authors: Sandra K Schwarcz, Ling C Hsu, Eric Vittinghoff, Annie Vu, Joshua D Bamberger and Mitchell H Katz
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:220
  6. In Great Britain (GB), data collected on pesticide associated illness focuses on acute episodes such as poisonings caused by misuse or abuse. This study aimed to investigate the extent and nature of pesticide-...

    Authors: Lesley Rushton and Vera Mann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:219
  7. Physician-delivered preventive counseling is important for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Data from the U.S. indicates that medical students with healthy personal habits have a better attit...

    Authors: John Duperly, Felipe Lobelo, Carolina Segura, Francisco Sarmiento, Deisy Herrera, Olga L Sarmiento and Erica Frank
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:218
  8. The deleterious biological effects of low-level, long-term exposure to heavy metals are well known, and children are the most susceptible population. Dabaoshan Mine in the southeast of Guangdong Province is at...

    Authors: Qing-Song Bao, Ci-Yong Lu, Hong Song, Mao Wang, Wenhua Ling, Wei-Qing Chen, Xue-Qing Deng, Yuan-Tao Hao and Shaoqi Rao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:217
  9. In the past decade in activities aiming at return-to-work (RTW), there has been a growing awareness to change the focus from sickness and work disability to recovery and work ability. To date, this process in ...

    Authors: Sylvia J Vermeulen, Johannes R Anema, Antonius JM Schellart, Willem van Mechelen and Allard J van der Beek
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:216
  10. Identification of subpopulations at high risk of overweight and obesity is crucial for prevention and management of obesity in different socioeconomic status (SES) categories. The objective of the study was to...

    Authors: Michel Vernay, Aurelie Malon, Amivi Oleko, Benoit Salanave, Candice Roudier, Emmanuelle Szego, Valerie Deschamps, Serge Hercberg and Katia Castetbon
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:215
  11. Adult refugees and asylum seekers living in Western countries experience a high prevalence of mental health problems, especially post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety. This study compar...

    Authors: Magzoub Toar, Kirsty K O'Brien and Tom Fahey
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:214
  12. Lifestyle-related diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and some cancers represent the greatest global health threat. Greater insight into health needs and beliefs, using broad community sample...

    Authors: Amanda Deeks, Catherine Lombard, Janet Michelmore and Helena Teede
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:213
  13. Many children are reported to have insufficient physical activity (PA) placing them at greater risk of poor health outcomes. Participating in sedentary activities such as playing electronic games is widely bel...

    Authors: Leon M Straker, Rebecca A Abbott, Jan P Piek, Clare M Pollock, Peter S Davies and Anne J Smith
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:212
  14. India, China and Russia account for more than 62% of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDRTB) globally. Within India, locations like urban metropolitan Mumbai with its burgeoning population and high incidence ...

    Authors: Desiree TB D'souza, Nerges F Mistry, Tina S Vira, Yatin Dholakia, Sven Hoffner, Geoffrey Pasvol, Mark Nicol and Robert J Wilkinson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:211
  15. Asthma is the most common chronic disease in childhood, characterized by chronic airway inflammation. There are problems with the diagnosis of asthma in young children since the majority of the children with r...

    Authors: Kim DG van de Kant, Ester MM Klaassen, Quirijn Jöbsis, Annedien J Nijhuis, Onno CP van Schayck and Edward Dompeling
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:210
  16. The Patient Activation Measure (PAM) is a measure that assesses patient knowledge, skill, and confidence for self-management. This study validates the Danish translation of the 13-item Patient Activation Measu...

    Authors: Helle Terkildsen Maindal, Ineta Sokolowski and Peter Vedsted
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:209
  17. In London and the rest of the UK, diseases associated with poor diet, inadequate physical activity and mental illness account for a large proportion of area based health inequality. There is a lack of evidence...

    Authors: Martin Wall, Richard Hayes, Derek Moore, Mark Petticrew, Angela Clow, Elena Schmidt, Alizon Draper, Karen Lock, Rebecca Lynch and Adrian Renton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:207
  18. Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and cardiorespiratory fitness contribute to mental health. Hopelessness has been linked to impaired mental health, cardiovascular events and mortality. Previous studies ha...

    Authors: Maarit Valtonen, David E Laaksonen, Jari Laukkanen, Tommi Tolmunen, Rainer Rauramaa, Heimo Viinamäki, Jussi Kauhanen, Timo Lakka and Leo Niskanen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:204
  19. The main objective of this study is to measure the relationship between morbidity, direct health care costs and the degree of clinical effectiveness (resolution) of health centres and health professionals by t...

    Authors: Antoni Sicras-Mainar, Ruth Navarro-Artieda, Milagrosa Blanca-Tamayo, Soledad Velasco-Velasco, Esperanza Escribano-Herranz, Josep Ramon Llopart-López, Concepción Violan-Fors, Josep Maria Vilaseca-Llobet, Encarna Sánchez-Fontcuberta, Jaume Benavent-Areu, Ferran Flor-Serra, Alba Aguado-Jodar, Daniel Rodríguez-López, Alejandra Prados-Torres and Jose Estelrich-Bennasar
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:202
  20. In the last decade, the number of foreign residents in Spain has doubled and it has become one of the countries in the European Union with the highest number of immigrants There is no doubt that the health of ...

    Authors: Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Valentin Hernández Barrera, Ana López de Andrés and Ángel Gil de Miguel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:201
  21. Despite the fact that the population of self-employed persons is still growing and at risk for long term disability due to a number of risk factors, there is still a lack of information on the effectiveness of...

    Authors: Judith Heinrich, Johannes R Anema, Ernest MM de Vroome and Birgitte M Blatter
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:200
  22. Firearms are the most commonly used weapon to commit homicide in the U.S. Virtually all firearms enter the public marketplace through a federal firearms licensee (FFL): a store or individual licensed by the fe...

    Authors: Douglas J Wiebe, Robert T Krafty, Christopher S Koper, Michael L Nance, Michael R Elliott and Charles C Branas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:199
  23. Infection with genital Chlamydia trachomatis (Ct) is the most common notifiable sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Sweden. A mutated Chlamydia, nvCT, has contributed to the increase. The occurrence of rep...

    Authors: Karin Edgardh, Sharon Kühlmann-Berenzon, Maria Grünewald, Maria Rotzen-Östlund, Ivar Qvarnström and Jennie Everljung
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:198
  24. The relationship between poor health and unemployment is well established. Health promotion among unemployed persons may improve their health. The aims of this study were to investigate characteristics of non-...

    Authors: Christine AE Schutgens, Merel Schuring, Toon AJ Voorham and Alex Burdorf
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:197
  25. There has been a consistent rise in bottled water consumption over the last decade. Little is known about the health beliefs held by the general public about bottled water as this issue is not addressed by the...

    Authors: Lorna A Ward, Owen L Cain, Ryan A Mullally, Kathryn S Holliday, Aaron GH Wernham, Paul D Baillie and Sheila M Greenfield
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:196
  26. China is facing a critical challenge of rapid and widespread human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) increase. Rural-to-urban migration plays a crucial role in shifting the...

    Authors: Shenghui Li, Hong Huang, Yong Cai, Gang Xu, Fengrong Huang and Xiaoming Shen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:195
  27. Roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes have increased in popularity, yet their comparative potential toxicity is uncertain. This study compares smoking of RYO and factory-made (FM) cigarettes on smoking pattern and im...

    Authors: Murray Laugesen, Michael Epton, Chris MA Frampton, Marewa Glover and Rod A Lea
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:194
  28. Studies on migration often ignore the health and social impact of migrants returning to their rural communities. Several studies have shown migrants to be particularly susceptible to HIV infection. This paper ...

    Authors: Paul Welaga, Victoria Hosegood, Renay Weiner, Caterina Hill, Kobus Herbst and Marie-Louise Newell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:193
  29. Outside of the United States, evidence for associations between exposure to fast-food establishments and risk for obesity among adults is limited and equivocal. The purposes of this study were to investigate w...

    Authors: John C Spence, Nicoleta Cutumisu, Joy Edwards, Kim D Raine and Karen Smoyer-Tomic
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:192
  30. Few studies have examined vitamin D insufficiency in African American men although they are at very high risk. We examined the prevalence and correlates of vitamin D insufficiency among African American men in...

    Authors: Marilyn Tseng, Veda Giri, Deborah W Bruner and Edward Giovannucci
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:191
  31. In the new Stop TB Strategy for Tuberculosis (TB) Care, direct observation of treatment has been replaced by "supervision and patient support". However, it is still unclear what patient support means and how i...

    Authors: Christopher P Lewis and James N Newell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:190
  32. Years of Life Lost (YLL) is one of the methods used to estimate the duration of time lost due to premature death. While previous studies of disease burden have been reported using YLL, there have been no studi...

    Authors: Shang-Cheng Zhou, Le Cai, Chong-Hua Wan, Yi-Ling Lv and Peng-Qian Fang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:188
  33. Universal salt iodation will prevent iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). Globally, salt-iodation technologies mostly target large and medium-scale salt-producers. Since most producers in low-income countries ar...

    Authors: Vincent D Assey, Thorkild Tylleskär, Philip B Momburi, Michael Maganga, Nicholaus V Mlingi, Marie Reilly, Ted Greiner and Stefan Peterson
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:187
  34. The Middle East is estimated to have the largest increase in prevalence of diabetes by 2030; yet there is lack of published data on the incidence of Type 2 diabetes in this region. This study aimed to estimate...

    Authors: Hadi Harati, Farzad Hadaegh, Navid Saadat and Fereidoun Azizi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:186
  35. There is little information about meal patterns and food consumption of adolescents in Palestine. The objective of this study was to describe the association between sociodemographic factors and food intake, a...

    Authors: Abdallah H Abudayya, Hein Stigum, Zumin Shi, Yehia Abed and Gerd Holmboe-Ottesen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:185
  36. Front of pack food labels or signpost labels are currently widely discussed as means to help consumers to make informed food choices. It is hoped that more informed food choices will result in an overall healt...

    Authors: Ingrid Borgmeier and Joachim Westenhoefer
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:184
  37. Current understanding of the associations between actual body weight status, weight perception, body dissatisfaction, and weight control practices among low-income urban African American adolescents is limited...

    Authors: Youfa Wang, Huifang Liang and Xiaoli Chen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:183
  38. Most school health education programs focus on a single behavioral domain. Integrative programs that address multiple behaviors may be more efficient, but only if the elements of change are similar for these b...

    Authors: Louk WH Peters, Gerjo Kok, Geert TM Ten Dam, Goof J Buijs and Theo GWM Paulussen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:182
  39. Measuring prevalence and incidence of sexually transmitted infections in hard to reach populations like men who have sex with men (MSM) is hampered by unknown size and regional distribution of this population....

    Authors: Ulrich Marcus, Axel J Schmidt, Christian Kollan and Osamah Hamouda
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:181
  40. Measurement of prevalence and incidence of infections in a hard to reach population like men who have sex with men (MSM) is hampered by its unknown size and regional distribution. Population-based surveys have...

    Authors: Ulrich Marcus, Axel J Schmidt, Osamah Hamouda and Michael Bochow
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:180
  41. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children has at least doubled in the past 25 years with a major impact on health. In 2005 a prevention protocol was developed applicable within Youth Health Care. Th...

    Authors: Lydian Veldhuis, Mirjam K Struijk, Willemieke Kroeze, Anke Oenema, Carry M Renders, Anneke MW Bulk-Bunschoten, Remy A HiraSing and Hein Raat
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:177
  42. The National Institute of Clinical Excellence in the UK has recommended that the effectiveness of ongoing exercise referral schemes to promote physical activity should be examined in research trials. Recent em...

    Authors: Kate Jolly, Joan L Duda, Amanda Daley, Frank F Eves, Nanette Mutrie, Nikos Ntoumanis, Peter C Rouse, Rekha Lodhia and Geoffrey C Williams
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2009 9:176

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