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  1. In 2003 the NIH perceived a need to strengthen teaching about tuberculosis (TB) to health professions students. The National Tuberculosis Curriculum Consortium (NTCC) was funded to meet this need. The purpose ...

    Authors: Marguerite Jackson, Shawn Harrity, Helene Hoffman and Antonino Catanzaro
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:219
  2. Improvements in child survival have been very poor in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Since the 1990s, declines in child mortality have reversed in many countries in the region, while in others, they have either slo...

    Authors: Jean-Christophe Fotso, Alex Chika Ezeh, Nyovani Janet Madise and James Ciera
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:218
  3. Surveys have generally found that individuals more likely to use complementary and alternative medicine are female, live in the western United States, are likely to have a health complaint, and have a higher s...

    Authors: Richard L Nahin, James M Dahlhamer, Beth L Taylor, Patricia M Barnes, Barbara J Stussman, Catherine M Simile, Marc R Blackman, Margaret A Chesney, Morgan Jackson, Heather Miller and Kim K McFann
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:217
  4. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading killer of women in most developed areas of the world. Rates of physical inactivity and poor nutrition, which are two of the most important modifiable risk factors for...

    Authors: Raha Pazoki, Iraj Nabipour, Nasrin Seyednezami and Seyed Reza Imami
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:216
  5. Inequalities in injury related disability retirement may be due to differences in injury risk and or differences in retirement given injury. The aim of the present study was to measure social inequalities in i...

    Authors: Harald Hannerz, Kim L Mikkelsen, Martin L Nielsen, Finn Tüchsen and Søren Spangenberg
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:215
  6. The aim of the Western Australian (WA) Food Security Project was to conduct a preliminary investigation into issues relating to food security in one region within the Perth metropolitan area in Western Austral...

    Authors: Alexandra McManus, Graham Brown and Bruce Maycock
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:214
  7. Inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for many diseases. Rapid economic development in China has been associated with changes in lifestyle, including physical activity. The purpose of this study was to invest...

    Authors: Adriana L Jurj, Wanqing Wen, Yu-Tang Gao, Charles E Matthews, Gong Yang, Hong-Lan Li, Wei Zheng and Xiao-Ou Shu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:213
  8. Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic factors strongly influence cardiovascular disease outcomes and risk factors. C-reactive protein (CRP), a non-specific marker of inflammation, is associated with cardiovascular r...

    Authors: Aydin Nazmi and Cesar G Victora
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:212
  9. Delay in tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment initiation may increase disease severity and mortality. In evaluations of tuberculosis control programmes high fatality rates during tuberculosis treatment, are us...

    Authors: Marleen Vree, Nguyen T Huong, Bui D Duong, Nguyen V Co, Dinh N Sy, Frank G Cobelens and Martien W Borgdorff
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:210
  10. Both violence and depression during pregnancy have been linked to adverse neonatal outcomes, particularly low birth weight. The aim of this study was to investigate the independent and interactive effects of t...

    Authors: Cleusa P Ferri, Sandro S Mitsuhiro, Marina CM Barros, Elisa Chalem, Ruth Guinsburg, Vikram Patel, Martin Prince and Ronaldo Laranjeira
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:209
  11. In an influenza pandemic, the benefit of vaccines and antiviral medications will be constrained by limitations on supplies and effectiveness. Non-pharmaceutical public health interventions will therefore be vi...

    Authors: Julia E Aledort, Nicole Lurie, Jeffrey Wasserman and Samuel A Bozzette
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:208
  12. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is endemic in Liaoning Province, China, and this province was the most serious area affected by HFRS during 2004 to 2005. In this study, we conducted a spatial anal...

    Authors: Hualiang Lin, Qiyong Liu, Junqiao Guo, Jibo Zhang, Jinfeng Wang and Huaxin Chen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:207
  13. In Scotland on March 26, 2006 a comprehensive prohibition on smoking in all enclosed public places was introduced. This study examines bar workers' attitudes towards a smoke-free working environment.

    Authors: Shona Hilton, Sean Semple, Brian G Miller, Laura MacCalman, Mark Petticrew, Scott Dempsey, Audrey Naji and Jon G Ayres
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:206
  14. There is evidence of higher prevalence of asthma in populations of lower socio-economic status in affluent societies, and the prevalence of asthma is also very high in some Latin American countries, where soci...

    Authors: Sérgio Souza da Cunha, Mar Pujades-Rodriguez, Mauricio Lima Barreto, Bernd Genser and Laura C Rodrigues
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:205
  15. A ban on smoking in wholly or substantially enclosed public places has been in place in Scotland since 26th March 2006. The impact of this legislation is currently being evaluated in seven studies, three of which...

    Authors: Mark Petticrew, Sean Semple, Shona Hilton, Kaen S Creely, Douglas Eadie, Deborah Ritchie, Catherine Ferrell, Yvette Christopher and Fintan Hurley
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:204
  16. The use of oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) to prevent non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) related-strokes is often sub-optimal. We aimed to evaluate whether implementing guidelines on antithrombotic thera...

    Authors: Simona Bo, Susanna Valpreda, Luca Scaglione, Daniela Boscolo, Marina Piobbici, Mario Bo and Giovannino Ciccone
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:203
  17. In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental...

    Authors: Hasan C Ekerbicer, Mustafa Celik, Ekrem Guler, Mehmet Davutoglu and Metin Kilinc
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:202
  18. Adolescents need to be aware that there is a method of preventing pregnancy even after an unprotected intercourse. Limited information is available on the awareness of young adolescents and the effects of sell...

    Authors: Kobra Falah-Hassani, Elise Kosunen, Rahman Shiri and Arja Rimpelä
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:201
  19. Numerous studies have investigated mortality during a heatwave, while few have quantified heat associated morbidity. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between hospital admissions and intensity, durat...

    Authors: Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Ugo Fedeli, Cristiana Visentin, Giovanni Milan, Emanuela Fadda and Paolo Spolaore
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:200
  20. The UK is the only developed country to have established a nation-wide stop smoking treatment service. Apart from addressing tobacco dependence, which is the leading preventable cause of ill health and prematu...

    Authors: Allan Low, Louise Unsworth, Anne Low and Iain Miller
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:198
  21. Seasonal flu epidemics in the European region cause high numbers of cases and deaths. Flu-associated mortality has been estimated but morbidity studies are necessary to understand the burden of disease in the ...

    Authors: Annick D Lenglet, Victoria Hernando, Pilar Rodrigo, Amparo Larrauri, Juan DM Donado and Salvador de Mateo
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:197
  22. Ahmedabad is an industrial city in Gujarat, India. In 2003, the HIV prevalence among commercial sex workers (CSWs) in Ahmedabad reached 13.0%. In response, the Jyoti Sangh HIV prevention programme for CSWs was...

    Authors: Isaac C-H Fung, Lorna Guinness, Peter Vickerman, Charlotte Watts, Gangadhar Vannela, Jagdish Vadhvana, Anna M Foss, Laxman Malodia, Meena Gandhi and Gaurang Jani
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:195
  23. In 2002 and 2003 there were large outbreaks of measles in many provinces of Laos, including in Vientiane. We therefore conducted a study to determine risk factors associated with measles amongst children admit...

    Authors: Mayfong Mayxay, Tiengthong Khomthilat, Phoutthalavanh Souvannasing, Khamphouvanh Phounesavath, Banlieng Vorasane, Sommay Keomany, Phouvieng Douangdala, Khamseng Philavong, Leila Srour and Paul N Newton
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:193
  24. Historically there has been a wide variation in the proportion of inadequate smears between general practices. Cervical screening in the UK is undergoing a fundamental change by moving from conventional to liq...

    Authors: Wayne N Harrison, Alison MJ Teale, Suzanne P Jones and Mohammed A Mohammed
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:191
  25. Public health interventions are directed towards social systems and it is difficult to foresee all consequences. While targeted outcomes may be positively influenced, interventions may at worst be counterprodu...

    Authors: Maria Emmelin, Lars Weinehall, Hans Stenlund, Stig Wall and Lars Dahlgren
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:190
  26. In recent years, more adolescents are engaging in premarital sex in China. However, only a limited number of studies have explored out-of-school youth's sexual attitudes and behaviors, critical for prevention ...

    Authors: Bo Wang, Xiaoming Li, Bonita Stanton, Vafa Kamali, Sylvie Naar-King, Iqbal Shah and Ronald Thomas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:189
  27. The unequal use of mental health care is a great issue, even in countries with universal health coverage. Better knowledge of the factors that have an impact on the pathway to mental health care may be a great...

    Authors: Viviane Kovess-Masféty, Delphine Saragoussi, Christine Sevilla-Dedieu, Fabien Gilbert, Agnieszka Suchocka, Nathalie Arveiller, Isabelle Gasquet, Nadia Younes and Marie-Christine Hardy-Bayle
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:188
  28. Childhood obesity is emerging as a major public health problem in developed and developing countries worldwide. The aim of this survey was to establish baseline data on the prevalence and correlates of overwei...

    Authors: Helen Whelton, Janas Harrington, Evelyn Crowley, Virginia Kelleher, Michael Cronin and Ivan J Perry
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:187
  29. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality affecting millions of people worldwide, while placing a noteworthy strain on public health funding. The aim of this study was to assess health...

    Authors: Angelos A Papadopoulos, Nick Kontodimopoulos, Aristidis Frydas, Emmanuel Ikonomakis and Dimitris Niakas
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:186
  30. Guidelines recommend multifactorial intervention programmes to prevent falls in older adults but there are few randomised controlled trials in a real life health care setting. We describe the rationale, interv...

    Authors: C Raina Elley, M Clare Robertson, Ngaire M Kerse, Sue Garrett, Eileen McKinlay, Beverley Lawton, Helen Moriarty and A John Campbell
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:185
  31. Self-rated health and the factors that influence it have never been described in Singapore before. This paper presents a descriptive study of self-rated health in a nationally representative cross-sectional su...

    Authors: Wei-Yen Lim, Stefan Ma, Derrick Heng, Vineta Bhalla and Suok Kai Chew
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:184
  32. Mental health problems often lead to prolonged sick leave. In primary care, the usual approach towards these patients was the advice to take rest and not return to work before all complaints had disappeared. W...

    Authors: David S Rebergen, David J Bruinvels, Allard J van der Beek and Willem van Mechelen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:183
  33. The objective of the present study was to compare three different sampling and questionnaire administration methods used in the international KIDSCREEN study in terms of participation, response rates, and exte...

    Authors: Silvina Berra, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Michael Erhart, Cristian Tebé, Corinna Bisegger, Wolfgang Duer, Ursula von Rueden, Michael Herdman, Jordi Alonso and Luis Rajmil
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:182
  34. Development of effective behavioral interventions to promote weight control and physical activity among diverse, underserved populations is a public health priority. Community focused wellness organizations, s...

    Authors: Kimberly A Kaphingst, Gary G Bennett, Glorian Sorensen, Karen M Kaphingst, Amy E O'Neil and Kyle McInnis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:181
  35. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most frequent tumour among Caucasian populations worldwide. Among the risk factors associated with this tumour, there are host-related factors and several environmental a...

    Authors: Berta Suárez, Gonzalo López-Abente, Carmen Martínez, Carmen Navarro, Maria José Tormo, Stefano Rosso, Simon Schraub, Lorenzo Gafà, Hélène Sancho-Garnier, Janine Wechsler and Roberto Zanetti
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:180
  36. The aims of this study were to examine the extent to which higher intellectual abilities protect higher socio-economic groups from functional decline and to examine whether the contribution of intellectual abi...

    Authors: Hans Bosma, Martin PJ van Boxtel, Gertrudis IJM Kempen, Jacques ThM van Eijk and Jelle Jolles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:179
  37. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to record the prevalence of overweight and obesity in relation to parental education level, parental body mass index and region of residence, in preschool childre...

    Authors: Yiannis Manios, Vassiliki Costarelli, Maria Kolotourou, Katerina Kondakis, Chara Tzavara and George Moschonis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:178
  38. Self-rated health (SRH) has been widely used to research health inequalities in developed western societies, but few such studies are available in developing countries. Similar to many Arab societies, little r...

    Authors: Taghrid Asfar, Balsam Ahmad, Samer Rastam, Tanja P Mulloli, Kenneth D Ward and Wasim Maziak
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:177
  39. Factor structure of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was studied by a survey of subjects who had experienced the 2004 Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake (6.8 on the Richter scale) in Japan.

    Authors: Shin-ichi Toyabe, Toshiki Shioiri, Kuriko Kobayashi, Hideki Kuwabara, Masataka Koizumi, Taro Endo, Miki Ito, Hiroko Honma, Noboru Fukushima, Toshiyuki Someya and Kouhei Akazawa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:175
  40. Health administrative data are increasingly used to examine disease occurrence. However, health administrative data are typically available for a limited number of years – posing challenges for estimating dise...

    Authors: Douglas G Manuel, Jenny JY Lim, Peter Tanuseputro and Therésè A Stukel
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:174
  41. Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality have increased in recent years in many countries. We examined age-, sex-, and cause-specific mortality rates for social groups in and regions of Scotland to understand t...

    Authors: Alastair H Leyland, Ruth Dundas, Philip McLoone and F Andrew Boddy
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:172
  42. The increasing prevalence of obesity in young women is a major public health concern. These trends have a major impact on pregnancy outcomes in these women, which have been documented by several researchers. I...

    Authors: Sohinee Bhattacharya, Doris M Campbell, William A Liston and Siladitya Bhattacharya
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2007 7:168

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