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Page 254 of 276

  1. Content type: Research article

    Disability benefits exist to redeem social and financial consequences of reduced work ability from medical conditions. Physicians are responsible for identifying the medical grounds for benefit claims. The aim...

    Authors: Rein Overland, Simon Overland, Kristian Nyborg Johansen and Arnstein Mykletun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:137

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Smoking is associated with disadvantage. As people with lower social status reside in less privileged areas, the extent of contextual influences for smoking remains unclear. The aims were to examine the spatia...

    Authors: Sakari Karvonen, Petteri Sipilä, Pekka Martikainen, Ossi Rahkonen and Mikko Laaksonen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:134

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Weight gain in adulthood is now common in many populations, ranging from modest gains in developing countries to a substantial percentage of body weight in some Western societies. To examine the rate of change...

    Authors: Ramón A Durazo-Arvizu, Amy Luke, Richard S Cooper, Guichan Cao, Lara Dugas, Adebowale Adeyemo, Michael Boyne and Terrence Forrester

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:133

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In Germany, vaccination against hepatitis B is recommended for infants, children and adolescents since 1995 and for specific target groups since 1982. Little is known about knowledge about viral hepatitis and ...

    Authors: Karl Schenkel, Doris Radun, Viviane Bremer, Nikolaus Bocter and Osamah Hamouda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:132

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Area-based studies of childhood injuries strongly suggest that neighborhood socio-demographic and economic circumstances impact on various – though not all – types of injuries. The primary aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Anne-Mari Reimers, Antonio Ponce de Leon and Lucie Laflamme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:131

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Few smokers use effective smoking cessation aids (SCA) when trying to stop smoking. Little is known why available SCA are used insufficiently. We therefore investigated the reasons for not using SCA and examin...

    Authors: Beatrice Gross, Leonie Brose, Anja Schumann, Sabina Ulbricht, Christian Meyer, Henry Völzke, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf and Ulrich John

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:129

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The world's population is ageing, and four of the top 10 most rapidly ageing developing nations are from the region of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

    Authors: Angela MC Rose, Anselm J Hennis and Ian R Hambleton

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:127

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Disadvantaged communities suffer higher levels of physical and mental ill health than more advantaged communities. The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychosocial, behavioural and biological d...

    Authors: Yoga N Velupillai, Chris J Packard, G David Batty, Vladimir Bezlyak, Harry Burns, Jonathan Cavanagh, Kevin Deans, Ian Ford, Agnes McGinty, Keith Millar, Naveed Sattar, Paul Shiels and Carol Tannahill

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:126

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The community's knowledge and beliefs about mental health problems, their risk factors, treatments and sources of help may vary as a function of age.

    Authors: Louise Farrer, Liana Leach, Kathleen M Griffiths, Helen Christensen and Anthony F Jorm

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:125

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence in the general population of parents' concerns about the development of their child, to identify groups at risk and to assess the association between parents'...

    Authors: Sijmen A Reijneveld, Gea de Meer, Carin H Wiefferink and Matty R Crone

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:124

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Despite the significant health benefits associated with eating healthily, diet is extremely difficult to change, with the majority of people who intend to eat more healthily failing to do so. Recent evidence h...

    Authors: Julia L Allan, Marie Johnston and Neil Campbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:123

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Injury is an emerging public health problem with social development and modernization in developing countries. To describe the prevalence and burden of injury and provide elaborate information for policy devel...

    Authors: Jixiang Ma, Xiaolei Guo, Aiqiang Xu, Jiyu Zhang and Chongqi Jia

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:122

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  13. Content type: Research article

    There has been an increasing prevalence of both depression and chronic medical conditions globally but the relationship between depression and multi-morbidity is not well understood. The aim of the present stu...

    Authors: Samuel YS Wong, Stewart W Mercer, Jean Woo and Jason Leung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:119

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Controlling the growth of pharmaceutical expenditures is a major global challenge. Promotion of generic drug prescriptions or use is gaining increased support. There are substantial contextual differences in i...

    Authors: Chi-Liang Chen, Likwang Chen and Wei-Chih Yang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:118

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  15. Content type: Research article

    A core function of local health departments is to conduct health assessments. The analysis of death certificates provides information on diseases, conditions, and injuries that are likely to cause death – an i...

    Authors: Tomás J Aragón, Daphne Y Lichtensztajn, Brian S Katcher, Randy Reiter and Mitchell H Katz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:116

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies reported an increase of upper body mass index (BMI) quantiles for formula fed infants compared to breastfed infants, while corresponding mean differences were low. The aim of this study was to...

    Authors: André M Toschke, Rüdiger von Kries, Andreas Beyerlein and Simon Rückinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:115

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Recently, provincial health programs in Canada and elsewhere have begun rolling out vaccination against human papillomavirus for girls aged 9–13. While vaccination is voluntary, the cost of vaccination is waiv...

    Authors: Marco Llamazares and Robert J Smith

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:114

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Studies have shown that university/college students tend to have an exaggerated view of the quantities of alcohol being consumed by their peers. Making students aware of this misperception may help change beha...

    Authors: Teresa Moreira and David R Foxcroft

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:113

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The association between socioeconomic position in middle age and risk of subsequent, short-term weight gain is unknown. We therefore assessed this association in a prospective population based cohort study in ...

    Authors: Lisa R Purslow, Elizabeth H Young, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita Forouhi, Eric J Brunner, Robert N Luben, Ailsa A Welch, Kay-Tee Khaw, Shelia A Bingham and Manjinder S Sandhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:112

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The associations between physical activity, unhealthy dietary habits and cigarette smoking and blood pressure, overweight and obesity are well established in adulthood. This is not the case for similar associa...

    Authors: Magnus H Fasting, Tom IL Nilsen, Turid L Holmen and Torstein Vik

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:111

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence of infectious diseases in migrant populations has been addressed in numerous studies. However, information is sparse on their mortality due to chronic diseases that are aetiologically associated wit...

    Authors: Jördis J Ott, Ari M Paltiel, Volker Winkler and Heiko Becher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:110

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to describe and analyze hospital admissions in Spain due to rotavirus infections among children aged 5 years or under during the period 2001–2005, along with the associated health cost.

    Authors: Ana López-de-Andrés, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Pilar Carrasco-Garrido, Alejandro Alvaro-Meca, Patricia Graciela Galarza and Ángel Gil de Miguel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:109

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The importance of prediabetes and prehypertension has been demonstrated in several studies especially for primary prevention of CVD. A recent community based cross-sectional study revealed that 40.9 percent Om...

    Authors: Shyam Sundar Ganguly, Mohammed Ali Al-Shafaee, Kamlesh Bhargava and Kalyan Kanti Duttagupta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:108

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The proportion of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) reported in the United States has been gradually increasing. HIV infection and foreign birth are increasingly associated with tuberculosis and understanding...

    Authors: Aaron M Kipp, Jason E Stout, Carol Dukes Hamilton and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:107

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Validated questionnaires can support the identification of psychosocial problems by the Preventive Child Health Care (PCH) system. This study assesses the validity and added value of four scoring methods used ...

    Authors: Mathilde R Crone, Anton GC Vogels, Femke Hoekstra, Philip DA Treffers and Sijmen A Reijneveld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:106

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  26. Content type: Research article

    There have been no published national studies on the use in Australia of the manipulative therapies, acupuncture, chiropractic or osteopathy, or on matters including the purposes for which these therapies are ...

    Authors: Charlie CL Xue, Anthony L Zhang, Vivian Lin, Ray Myers, Barbara Polus and David F Story

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:105

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  27. Content type: Research article

    The role of social and family environments in the development of mental health problems among children and youth has been widely investigated. However, the degree to which parental working conditions may impac...

    Authors: Stefania Maggi, Aleck Ostry, James Tansey, James Dunn, Ruth Hershler, Lisa Chen and Clyde Hertzman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:104

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    Multiple factors combine to support a compelling case for interventions that target the development of obesity-promoting behaviours (poor diet, low physical activity and high sedentary behaviour) from their in...

    Authors: Karen Campbell, Kylie Hesketh, David Crawford, Jo Salmon, Kylie Ball and Zoë McCallum

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:103

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of the university population at high-risk of developing an eating disorder and the prevalence of unhealthy eating attitudes and behaviours amongst groups at ri...

    Authors: Ana R Sepulveda, Jose A Carrobles and Ana M Gandarillas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:102

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Passenger ships provide conditions suitable for the survival and growth of pest populations. Arthropods and rodents can gain access directly from the ships' open spaces, can be carried in shiploads, or can be ...

    Authors: Varvara A Mouchtouri, Rimma Anagnostopoulou, Anna Samanidou-Voyadjoglou, Kalliopi Theodoridou, Chrissi Hatzoglou, Jenny Kremastinou and Christos Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:100

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Lack of methodological rigor can cause survey error, leading to biased results and suboptimal public health response. This study focused on the potential impact of 3 methodological "shortcuts" pertaining to fi...

    Authors: Elizabeth T Luman, Mariana Sablan, Shannon Stokley, Mary M McCauley and Kate M Shaw

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:99

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Geohelminth infections are a major problem of children from the developing countries. Children with these infections suffer from developmental impairments and other serious illnesses. This study aimed to measu...

    Authors: Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, Godwin Wilson, Kiran Chawla, Binu VS and PG Shivananda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:98

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  33. Content type: Research article

    College students are vulnerable to tobacco addiction. Tobacco industries often target college students for marketing. Studies about prevalence of tobacco use and its correlates among college students in Nepal ...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, PV Kishore, Jagadish Paudel and Ritesh G Menezes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:97

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Zoonotic sleeping sickness, or HAT (Human African Trypanosomiasis), caused by infection with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, is an under-reported and neglected tropical disease. Previous assessments of the diseas...

    Authors: Eric M Fèvre, Martin Odiit, Paul G Coleman, Mark EJ Woolhouse and Susan C Welburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:96

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  35. Content type: Research article

    In the most recent revision (2003) of the U.S. standard certificate of live births, the National Center for Health Statistics recommended that all states collect maternal and paternal usual occupation. Because...

    Authors: Jean D Brender, Lucina Suarez and Peter H Langlois

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:95

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Prevalence rates for long-term injection drug users in some localities surpass 60% for HIV and 80% for HCV. We describe methods for developing grounded hypotheses about how some injectors avoid infection with ...

    Authors: Samuel R Friedman, Pedro Mateu-Gelabert, Milagros Sandoval, Holly Hagan and Don C Des Jarlais

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:94

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Illegal migration is an increasing problem worldwide and the so-called undocumented migrants encounter major problems in access to prevention and health care. The objective of the study was to compare the use ...

    Authors: Hans Wolff, Manuella Epiney, Ana P Lourenco, Michael C Costanza, Jacqueline Delieutraz-Marchand, Nicole Andreoli, Jean-Bernard Dubuisson, Jean-Michel Gaspoz and Olivier Irion

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:93

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  38. Content type: Research article

    After the tsunami disaster in the Indian Ocean basin an Internet based self-screening test was made available in order to facilitate contact with mental health services. Although primarily designed for survivi...

    Authors: Stefan Vetter, Astrid Rossegger, Wulf Rossler, Jonathan I Bisson and Jerome Endrass

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:92

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem. Little is known about how people with type 2 diabetes experience self-management in a nurse-led, shared-care programme. The purpose of this article is to rep...

    Authors: Albine Moser, Harry van der Bruggen, Guy Widdershoven and Cor Spreeuwenberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:91

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Injuries represent an important cause of mortality among young adults. Longitudinal studies on risk factors are scarce. We studied associations between adolescents' perceived health and health behaviour and in...

    Authors: Ville M Mattila, Jari Parkkari, Leena Koivusilta, Tapio Nummi, Pekka Kannus and Arja Rimpelä

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:90

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  41. Content type: Study protocol

    Data on food intake at the individual level and its statistical distribution in population groups defined by age, gender, or geographic areas are important in planning public health and nutrition programs. How...

    Authors: R Sichieri, RA Pereira, A Martins, ABPA Vasconcellos and A Trichopoulou

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2008 8:89

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