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  1. Content type: Research article

    Prisoners have a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection but may find it difficult to access healthcare services. This may be related to risk behaviour including history of injecting drugs and mar...

    Authors: H. Stöver, F. Meroueh, A. Marco, K. Keppler, P. Saiz de la Hoya, R. Littlewood, N. Wright, F. Nava, F. Alam, S. Walcher and L. Somaini

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:30

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Cross-national comparisons of the associations of socioeconomic and religious factors with health can facilitate our understanding of differences in health determinants between countries and the development of...

    Authors: Roeul Kim and Woojin Chung

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:35

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  3. Content type: Research article

    People who inject drugs (PWID) are at increased risk for HIV acquisition and could benefit from antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). However, PrEP has been underutilized in this population, and PrEP...

    Authors: Angela R. Bazzi, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Dea L. Biancarelli, Joshua J. Hartman, Matthew J. Mimiaga, Kenneth H. Mayer and Katie B. Biello

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:31

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Pregnancy has been identified as a contributor to obesity. We have shown that a diet intervention postpartum produced a 2-y weight loss of 8%. Here, we present the impact of the diet intervention on cost-effec...

    Authors: Lars Hagberg, Anna Winkvist, Hilde K Brekke, Fredrik Bertz, Else Hellebö Johansson and Ena Huseinovic

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:38

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The acute out-of-hours healthcare services are challenged by increasing demand in many countries. We aimed to examine factors influencing the intended help-seeking in out-of-hours care for acute health problem...

    Authors: Ellen Keizer, Morten Bondo Christensen, Anders Helles Carlsen, Marleen Smits, Michel Wensing, Oliver Senn and Linda Huibers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:33

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Post-war Liberia has a fast-growing population and an alarming maternal mortality ratio (MMR). To provide a better understanding about healthcare system recovery in post-war country, we explored the changes in...

    Authors: Sanni Yaya, Olalekan A. Uthman, Ghose Bishwajit and Michael Ekholuenetale

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:28

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Diabetes mellitus is a major chronic disease, which is connected to direct and indirect costs and productivity losses. However, its effects on labour market participation are not straightforward to identify, n...

    Authors: Sara Pedron, Karl Emmert-Fees, Michael Laxy and Lars Schwettmann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:25

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Early marriage (< 18 years) is associated with education cessation among girls. Little research has qualitatively assessed how girls build resiliency in affected contexts. This study examines these issues in O...

    Authors: Anita Raj, Marissa Salazar, Emma C. Jackson, Natalie Wyss, Katherine A. McClendon, Aarushi Khanna, Yemeserach Belayneh and Lotus McDougal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:19

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Few representative sample studies have reported estimates of bullying and sexual abuse in Australia. By using face-to-face interviews and self-labelling questions, we investigated the prevalence of these forms...

    Authors: David Alejandro González-Chica, Julio Licinio, Michael Musker, Mali Wong, Jacqueline Bowden, Phillipa Hay, Catherine Chittleborough and Nigel Stocks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:26

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Youth smoking continues to be a significant global public health concern. To ensure healthier lives for youths, healthcare professionals need to increase awareness among the youth of the health risks and addic...

    Authors: Oi Kwan Chung, William Ho Cheung Li, Ka Yan Ho, Antonio Cho Shing Kwong, Vienna Wai Yin Lai, Man Ping Wang, Katherine Ka Wai Lam, Tai Hing Lam and Sophia Siu Chee Chan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:23

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Regular physical activity (PA) promotes health and decreases mortality. The positive relationship between PA and perceived health (PH) is well known. However, previous research in the field has often used self...

    Authors: Maisa S. Niemelä, Maarit Kangas, Riikka J. Ahola, Juha P. Auvinen, Anna-Maiju Leinonen, Tuija H. Tammelin, Eeva S. Vaaramo, Sirkka M. Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Raija I. Korpelainen and Timo J. Jämsä

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:21

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The growth and development that occurs in early childhood has long-term implications, therefore understanding the relevant determinants is needed to inform early prevention and intervention. The objectives of ...

    Authors: Valerie Carson, Eun-Young Lee, Kylie D. Hesketh, Stephen Hunter, Nicholas Kuzik, Madison Predy, Ryan E. Rhodes, Christina M. Rinaldi, John C. Spence and Trina Hinkley

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:27

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Since 2000, a series of national policies have been released to tackle mental health problems in China; however, their promotion and implementation at local level are under-evaluated. This study will evaluate ...

    Authors: Wei Zhou, Yu Yu, Xinyi Zhao, Shuiyuan Xiao and Lizhang Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:24

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of obesity has increased significantly worldwide within the last decade. As obesity is recognised as a contributing factor when developing various health threatening chronic diseases, prevention...

    Authors: Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen, Majda Pajevic, Pia Maria Ilvig, Karen Søgaard and Christina Jessen-Winge

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:20

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  15. Content type: Research article

    HIV testing and counselling (HTC) is an essential component for HIV prevention and a critical entry point into the HIV continuum of care and treatment. Despite the importance of HTC for HIV control, access to ...

    Authors: Soori Nnko, Evodius Kuringe, Daniel Nyato, Mary Drake, Caterina Casalini, Amani Shao, Albert Komba, Stefan Baral, Mwita Wambura and John Changalucha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:15

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Acute gastroenteritis is a substantial cause of hospitalization in children. Shigella, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Yersinia, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Giardia and Cryptosporidium are gastrointestina...

    Authors: Emma Jeffs, Jonathan Williman, Natalie Martin, Cheryl Brunton and Tony Walls

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:18

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  17. Content type: Research article

    While in school, girls require an environment that is supportive of menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in order to ensure regular school attendance and participation. Little is known about schoolgirls access t...

    Authors: Joyce Chinyama, Jenala Chipungu, Cheryl Rudd, Mercy Mwale, Lavuun Verstraete, Charity Sikamo, Wilbroad Mutale, Roma Chilengi and Anjali Sharma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:16

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviour has been closely linked to metabolic and cardiovascular health and is therefore of importance in disease prevention. A user-friendly tool for assessment of sitting time is thus needed. Prev...

    Authors: Kristina Larsson, Lena V. Kallings, Örjan Ekblom, Victoria Blom, Eva Andersson and Maria M. Ekblom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:17

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Population-based screening for the common non-communicable diseases (NCD) is recommended but is difficult to implement in the hard-to-reach areas of low resourced countries. The objective of our pilot study wa...

    Authors: Partha Basu, Manoj Mahajan, Nilesh Patira, Sangita Prasad, Sushma Mogri, Richard Muwonge, Eric Lucas, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Swami Iyer, Navami Naik and Kirti Jain

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:14

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of mortality worldwide, with most deaths occurring in low-income countries. The World Health Organisation (WHO) ‘5 Moments for Hand Hygiene’ poster has been used to reduce hosp...

    Authors: B. L. Harrison, C. Ogara, M. Gladstone, E. D. Carrol, J. Dusabe-Richards, A. Medina-Lara, J. Ditai and A. D. Weeks

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Increasing awareness of the complexity of public health problems, including obesity, has led to growing interest in whole systems approaches (WSAs), defined as those that consider the multifactorial drivers of...

    Authors: Anne-Marie Bagnall, Duncan Radley, Rebecca Jones, Paul Gately, James Nobles, Margie Van Dijk, Jamie Blackshaw, Sam Montel and Pinki Sahota

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:8

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Truckers in sub-Saharan Africa are at higher risk of contracting HIV than the general population. HIV self-testing may be a way to increase testing rates in this high-risk population. The objective of this ran...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Kelvin, Gavin George, Samuel Kinyanjui, Eva Mwai, Matthew L. Romo, Faith Oruko, Jacob O. Odhiambo, Eston N. Nyaga, Joanne E. Mantell and Kaymarlin Govender

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:7

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Many men who have sex with men (MSM) are at significant risk for HIV infection. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of HIV infection among MSM in Burkina Faso.

    Authors: Henri Gautier Ouedraogo, Odette Ky-Zerbo, Ashley Grosso, Sara Goodman, Benoît Cesaire Samadoulougou, Grissoum Tarnagda, Adama Baguiya, Simon Tiendrebeogo, Marcel Lougue, Nongoba Sawadogo, Yves Traore, Nicolas Barro, Stefan Baral and Seni Kouanda

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:5

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Tobacco smoking is one of the most serious modern civilization threats. According to WHO identifying patterns of tobacco use is essential for implementing effective preventive policies. The aim of the paper wa...

    Authors: Katarzyna Połtyn-Zaradna, Katarzyna Zatońska, Alicja Basiak, Barbara Sozańska, Dagmara Gaweł-Dąbrowska, Maria Wołyniec, Andrzej Szuba and Witold Zatoński

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:6

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The post-disaster mental health crisis intervention (MHCI) system in China remains immature and unsystematic. We aim to report the perceptions of a large sample of MHCI workers and government administrators an...

    Authors: Yingjun Xi, Runsen Chen, Amy L. Gillespie, Yuyang He, Chihua Jia, Kuo Shi, Yiming Yao, Xin Ma, Wei Liu and Emily Ying Yang Chan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:11

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Household food insecurity is a potent social determinant of health and health care costs in Canada, but understanding of the social and economic conditions that underlie households’ vulnerability to food insec...

    Authors: Valerie Tarasuk, Andrée-Anne Fafard St-Germain and Andrew Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:12

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Treatment guidelines for antiretroviral therapy (ART) have evolved to emphasize newer regimens that address ageing-related comorbidities. Using national Australian dispensing data we compare ART regimens with ...

    Authors: Nila J. Dharan, Tomas Radovich, Samuel Che, Kathy Petoumenos, Prabhjot Juneja, Matthew Law, Robin Huang, Hamish McManus, Mark N. Polizzotto, Rebecca Guy, Peter Cronin, David A. Cooper and Richard T. Gray

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:13

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Socioeconomic disadvantage is a fundamental cause of morbidity and mortality. One of the most important ways that governments buffer the adverse consequences of socioeconomic disadvantage is through the provis...

    Authors: Faraz V Shahidi, Chantel Ramraj, Odmaa Sod-Erdene, Vincent Hildebrand and Arjumand Siddiqi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:2

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  29. Content type: Correspondence

    Research into the effects of Socioeconomic Position (SEP) on health will sometimes compare effects from multiple, different measures of SEP in “mutually adjusted” regression models. Interpreting each effect es...

    Authors: Michael J. Green and Frank Popham

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:10

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  30. Content type: Research article

    One of the major challenges faced by people living with HIV (PLH) is the compromised quality of life due to the negative impact of HIV on their health. HIV/AIDS control effort should go beyond laboratory and l...

    Authors: Yongkang Xiao, Chunqing Lin, Li Li and Guoping Ji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:4

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Carbon-monoxide (CO) poisoning is a substantial cause of preventable mortality. In Turkey, no nationwide data are being collected nowadays. In our study, we aimed to assess the trend in deaths related to CO ex...

    Authors: Günay Can, Uğurcan Sayılı, Özden Aksu Sayman, Ömer Faruk Kuyumcu, Duygu Yılmaz, Eren Esen, Eray Yurtseven and Ethem Erginöz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:9

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In the last decade, the attention for health literacy has increased in the European Union. This is due to three main reasons. First, reviews have shown that inadequate health literacy is associated with worse ...

    Authors: Boudewijn B. Visscher, Bas Steunenberg, Monique Heijmans, Jolien M. Hofstede, Walter Devillé, Iris van der Heide and Jany Rademakers

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1414

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The public health sector is moving toward adopting evidence-informed decision making into practice, but effort is still required to effectively develop capacity and promote contextual factors that advance and ...

    Authors: Maureen Dobbins, Robyn L. Traynor, Stephanie Workentine, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie and Jennifer Yost

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1412

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In 2004, a World Health Report on road safety called for enforcement of measures such as seatbelt use, effective at minimizing morbidity and mortality caused by road traffic accidents. However, injuries caused...

    Authors: Nicole Fouda Mbarga, Abdul-Razak Abubakari, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde and Antony R. Morgan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1413

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  35. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to evaluate variation in somatic symptoms by age using patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ) depression scores, which may be helpful in identifying depression.

    Authors: Eri Hoshino, Sachiko Ohde, Mahbubur Rahman, Osamu Takahashi, Tsuguya Fukui and Gautam A. Deshpande

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1406

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Effective prevention and care for type 2 diabetes requires that people link healthy behaviours to chronic disease-related wellbeing. This study explored how people perceive current and future wellbeing, so as ...

    Authors: R. W. Mayega, E. Ekirapa, B. Kirunda, C. Nalwadda, J. Aweko, G. Tomson, C. G. Ostenson, J. Van Olmen, M. Daivadanam and J. Kiguli

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1409

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Mexico approved mandatory nutrient-based standards for foods sold in schools in 2011. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between compliance with nutrition standards for foods sold in schools ...

    Authors: Carolina Pérez-Ferrer, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Juan A. Rivera-Dommarco, Francisco Javier Prado-Galbarro, Alejandra Jiménez-Aguilar, Carmen Morales-Ruán and Teresa Shamah-Levy

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1411

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Research supports the association between adult sexual violence (SV) and poor mental health. However, most studies focus on rape and physical sexual assault. Little is known about how more subtle forms of SV a...

    Authors: Laura Tarzia, Sharmala Thuraisingam, Kitty Novy, Jodie Valpied, Rebecca Quake and Kelsey Hegarty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1410

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  39. Content type: Research article

    “We Act” is a health-promoting school intervention comprising an educational, a parental and a school component. The intervention was implemented in 4 Danish public schools with 4 control schools. The objectiv...

    Authors: Ane Høstgaard Bonde, Nanna Wurr Stjernqvist, Marianne S. Sabinsky and Helle Terkildsen Maindal

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1407

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis is increasing worldwide. Obesity is an important modifiable risk factor for both the incidence and progression of knee osteoarthritis. Consequently, international guidelin...

    Authors: Kate M. O’Brien, Johanna M. van Dongen, Amanda Williams, Steven J. Kamper, John Wiggers, Rebecca K. Hodder, Elizabeth Campbell, Emma K. Robson, Robin Haskins, Chris Rissel and Christopher M. Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1408

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15–29 year old youths globally, and the third most common external cause of death in China. School bullying can cause serious consequences among adolescents, ...

    Authors: Hao Wang, Huaidong Du, Fiona Bragg, Jieming Zhong and Min Yu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1405

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Surveillance for adverse events following immunization is an important component of any national immunization programme because it is critical to assessing the safety of vaccines and to detecting potentially r...

    Authors: Stefania Spila Alegiani, Valeria Alfonsi, Eva Charlotte Appelgren, Lorenza Ferrara, Tolinda Gallo, Cristiano Alicino, Maria Grazia Pascucci, Silvia Aquilani, Antonietta Spadea, Silvio Tafuri and Caterina Rizzo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1401

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  43. Content type: Research article

    We examined whether enhancing self-affirmation among a population of drinkers, prior to viewing threatening alcohol pictorial health warning labels, would reduce defensive reactions and promote reactions relat...

    Authors: Carlos Sillero-Rejon, Angela S. Attwood, Anna K. M. Blackwell, José-Angel Ibáñez-Zapata, Marcus R. Munafò and Olivia M. Maynard

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1403

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  44. Content type: Research article

    In 2006, 4 years of planning was started by the Ministry of Health, Malaysia (MOH), to implement the HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccination programme. An inter-agency and multi-sectoral collaborations were dev...

    Authors: Nor Asiah Muhamad, Saidatul Norbaya Buang, Safurah Jaafar, Rohani Jais, Phaik Sim Tan, Normi Mustapha, Noor Aliza Lodz, Tahir Aris, Lokman Hakim Sulaiman and Shahnaz Murad

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1402

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Government alcohol monopolies were created in North America and Scandinavia to limit health and social problems. The Swedish monopoly, Systembolaget, reports to a health ministry and controls the sale of all a...

    Authors: Tim Stockwell, Adam Sherk, Thor Norström, Colin Angus, Mats Ramstedt, Sven Andréasson, Tanya Chikritzhs, Johanna Gripenberg, Harold Holder, John Holmes and Pia Mäkelä

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1400

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Many children and young people experiencing mental health difficulties (MHD) do not access care, often due to inadequate identification. Schools have a unique potential to improve early identification; however...

    Authors: Emma Soneson, Jasmine Childs-Fegredo, Joanna K. Anderson, Jan Stochl, Mina Fazel, Tamsin Ford, Ayla Humphrey, Peter B. Jones and Emma Howarth

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1404

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  47. Content type: Correction

    It was highlighted that the original article [1] contained a typesetting error in the name of Razak M. Gyasi. This was incorrectly captured as Razak M. Gyasi Mohammed in the original article which has since be...

    Authors: Prince Peprah, Razak M. Gyasi, Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo and Josephine Nii Amon Kotei

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2018 18:1394

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    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2018 18:1358