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  1. Content type: Research article

    Although hepatitis B vaccinations have been integrated in the Universal Immunization Program (UIP) in India over a decade, only half of the children are immunized against hepatitis B. The national average in h...

    Authors: Junaid Khan, Apurba Shil and Sanjay K. Mohanty

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1263

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Nonspecific Low Back Pain (NLBP) is a common disease with a low cure rate and significant impact on the population. This study aimed to develop and validate a pre-scoring system for identifying the risk of suf...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Jing-wen Zhang, Shao-xiong Min, Xin-yi Xu and Sheng-li An

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1262

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Improper solid waste management (SWM) is a major public health and environmental concern in the urban areas of many developing countries such as Asella Town. The aim of this study was to assess the status of S...

    Authors: Gorfnesh Lema, Million Getachew Mesfun, Amade Eshete and Gizachew Abdeta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1261

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  4. Content type: Research article

    We evaluated the prevalence and the factors associated with repeated high systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at 6- and 11-year follow-ups of children from the Pelotas (Brazil) 2004 Birth Cohort.

    Authors: Marília Cruz Guttier, Raquel Siqueira Barcelos, Rodrigo Wiltgen Ferreira, Caroline Cardozo Bortolotto, William Jones Dartora, Maria Inês Schmidt, Alicia Matijasevich, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues and Iná S. Santos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1260

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Lower health literacy (HL) has been known to be involved in a range of common mental and physical disorders among adolescent students. Ample studies indicated low HL is associated with a series of chronic dise...

    Authors: Shi-chen Zhang, Dan-lin Li, Rong Yang, Yu-hui Wan, Fang-biao Tao and Jun Fang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1259

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Automated Vehicles (AVs) are central to the new mobility paradigm that promises to transform transportation systems and cities across the globe. To date, much of the research on AVs has focused on technologica...

    Authors: Jennifer Dean, Alexander J. Wray, Lucas Braun, Jeffrey M. Casello, Lindsay McCallum and Stephanie Gower

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1258

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Media advocacy plays an important role in public health initiatives, as it can provide vital information to target populations, policy makers, or other relevant stakeholders. Unfortunately, little is currently...

    Authors: Pamela J. Tinc, Julie A. Sorensen, Lars Weinehall and Kristina Lindvall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1257

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Human capital (the knowledge, skills, and health that accumulate over life) can be optimized by investments in early childhood to promote cognitive and language development. Parents and caregivers play a cruci...

    Authors: Esther O. Chung, Lia C. H. Fernald, Emanuela Galasso, Lisy Ratsifandrihamanana and Ann M. Weber

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1256

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Climate change is associated with greater frequency, duration, intensity and unpredictability of certain weather-related events, including floods. Floods harm mental health. There is limited understanding of t...

    Authors: J. M. Longman, J. Bennett-Levy, V. Matthews, H. L. Berry, M. E. Passey, M. Rolfe, G. G. Morgan, M. Braddon and R. Bailie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1255

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organisation (WHO) advocates early initiation of HIV treatment as a prevention strategy among people living with HIV. There is strong evidence for the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (...

    Authors: Kennedy Nkhoma, Aabid Ahmed, Zipporah Alli, Lorraine Sherr and Richard Harding

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1254

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    In many low income countries, the majority of acutely malnourished children are either brought to the health facility late or never at all due to reasons related to distance and associated costs. Integrated co...

    Authors: Elizabeth Wambui Kimani-Murage, Hermann Pythagore, Elizabeth Mwaniki, Tewoldeberha Daniel, Betty Samburu, Pilar Charle Cuellar, Regina Mbochi, James Njiru, Lucy Wangare, Lydia Karimurio, Olivia Agutu, Lucy Gathigi Maina, Peter Okoth, Judith Raburu, Milka Wanjohi, Triza Macharia…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1253

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Antiangiogenic therapy has proved to be an important therapeutic tool for many retinal vascular diseases; however, its availability is limited in developing countries. This study sought to describe the bevaciz...

    Authors: Sávio Lima Sodré, Italo Antunes França Barbosa, Israel Emiliano Pacheco, Felipe de Queiroz Tavares Ferreira, Milton Agrizzi David, Mauricio Abujamra Nascimento, Carlos Eduardo Leite Arieta and Jose Paulo Cabral de Vasconcellos

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1252

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Documentation and diagnosis of childhood obesity in primary care is poor and providers are often unfamiliar with guidelines. This lack of knowledge may be attributed to insufficient training in medical school ...

    Authors: Emily Hill Guseman, Elizabeth A. Beverly, Jonathon Whipps and Sophia Mort

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1251

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  14. Content type: Research article

    One of the greatest effects of the financial crisis in Spain has been the enormous increase in the number of evictions. Several studies have shown the association of evictions with different aspects of the phy...

    Authors: Inmaculada Mateo-Rodríguez, Laura Miccoli, Antonio Daponte-Codina, Julia Bolívar-Muñoz, Cecilia Escudero-Espinosa, M. Carmen Fernández-Santaella, Jaime Vila-Castellar, Humbelina Robles-Ortega, José Luis Mata-Martín and Mariola Bernal-Solano

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1250

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The consumption of tobacco products has evolved to include more complex combinations of different products. We investigated the tobacco habits of a representative population of young Finnish male conscripts in...

    Authors: Maria Danielsson, Anelma Lammi, Simo Siitonen, Jukka Ollgren, Liisa Pylkkänen and Tuula Vasankari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1249

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To date, there have not been any workforce-based Japanese cohort studies investigating work sustainability after return to work (RTW). The objective of this study was to investigate the post-RTW cumulative rec...

    Authors: Motoki Endo, Yasuo Haruyama, Go Muto, Yuya Imai, Kiyomi Mitsui, Tetsuya Mizoue, Hiroo Wada, Gen Kobashi and Takeshi Tanigawa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1248

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Burnout is characterized by physical and emotional exhaustion from long-term exposure to emotionally demanding work. Burnout affects interpersonal skills, job performance, career satisfaction, and psychologica...

    Authors: Benyam W. Dubale, Lauren E. Friedman, Zeina Chemali, John W. Denninger, Darshan H. Mehta, Atalay Alem, Gregory L. Fricchione, Michelle L. Dossett and Bizu Gelaye

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1247

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Altering micro-scale features of neighborhood walkability (e.g., benches, sidewalks, and cues of social disorganization or crime) could be a relatively cost-effective method of creating environments that are c...

    Authors: Madeleine Steinmetz-Wood, Kabisha Velauthapillai, Grace O’Brien and Nancy A. Ross

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1246

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  19. Content type: Research article

    New Zealand’s Bowel Screening Pilot (BSP) used a mailed invitation to return a faecal immunochemical test. As a pilot it offered opportunities to test interventions for reducing ethnic inequities in colorectal...

    Authors: Karen Bartholomew, Lifeng Zhou, Sue Crengle, Elizabeth Buswell, Anne Buckley and Peter Sandiford

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1245

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Illicit substance misuse is a growing public health problem, with misuse peaking among 18–25 year-olds, and attendance at third-level education identified as a risk factor. Illicit substance misuse has the pot...

    Authors: Samantha Dick, Eadaoin Whelan, Martin P. Davoren, Samantha Dockray, Ciara Heavin, Conor Linehan and Michael Byrne

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1244

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Under-five mortality is still a major health issue in many developing countries like Tanzania. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target of ending preventable child deaths in Tanzania, a detailed unde...

    Authors: Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Osita Kingsley Ezeh, Akorede O. Awosemo, Ifegwu K. Ifegwu, Lawrence Tan, Emmanuel Jessa, Deborah Charwe and Kingsley Emwinyore Agho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1243

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Physical activity (PA) can be a mechanism that develops emotions. Emotional intelligence (EI) is related to significant public health and psychological benefits. However, there is little information about the ...

    Authors: Jorge Acebes-Sánchez, Ignacio Diez-Vega, Sara Esteban-Gonzalo and Gabriel Rodriguez-Romo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1241

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Family carers provide significant support to people with a mental illness; yet may experience poor mental and physical health themselves. Among limited research addressing the physical health of carers, studie...

    Authors: Jacqueline M. Bailey, Tim W. Regan, Kate M. Bartlem, John H. Wiggers, Paula M. Wye and Jenny A. Bowman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1240

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Primary schools are valuable settings to implement healthy lifestyle (healthy eating and physical activity) interventions, aimed at targeting childhood obesity. This study explored school staff perceptions of ...

    Authors: Rhiannon Eleanor Day, Pinki Sahota and Meaghan Sarah Christian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1239

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  25. Content type: Research article

    With the increase of overall life expectancy in Japan, effective and beneficial lifestyle approaches and practices are crucial for individuals to have a long, productive and healthy life. Although previous stu...

    Authors: Takafumi Monma, Fumi Takeda, Haruko Noguchi, Hideto Takahashi, Taeko Watanabe and Nanako Tamiya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1238

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Mathematical and statistical models are used to project the future time course of infectious disease epidemics and the expected future burden on health care systems and economies. Influenza is a particularly i...

    Authors: Michael Li, Benjamin M. Bolker, Jonathan Dushoff, Junling Ma and David J.D. Earn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1237

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Increasing rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) in England is a pressing public health concern. Interventions targeting MSM, including information provision that e...

    Authors: Joanna M. Kesten, Kaiseree Dias, Fiona Burns, Paul Crook, Alison Howarth, Catherine H. Mercer, Alison Rodger, Ian Simms, Isabel Oliver, Matthew Hickman, Gwenda Hughes and Peter Weatherburn

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1236

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Globally childhood diarrhoeal diseases continue to be the second leading cause of death, while in Ethiopia it kills half-million under-five children each year. Sanitation, unsafe water and personal hygiene are...

    Authors: Behailu Melese, Wondimagegn Paulos, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn and Temesgen Bati Gelgelu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1235

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The cost-effectiveness of community health worker (CHW)-based cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk-reduction interventions is not well established. Colorado Heart Healthy Solutions is a CHW-based intervention des...

    Authors: Lauren Smith, Adam Atherly, Jon Campbell, Nick Flattery, Stephanie Coronel and Mori Krantz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1234

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Follow-up studies of infants born prematurely are essential to understand the long-term consequences of preterm birth and the efficacy of interventions delivered in the neonatal period. Retention of participan...

    Authors: Victoria MacBean, Simon B. Drysdale, Sanja Zivanovic, Janet L. Peacock and Anne Greenough

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1233

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  31. Content type: Research article

    School absenteeism data have been collected daily by the public health unit in Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph, Ontario since 2008. To date, a threshold-based approach has been implemented to raise alerts for commu...

    Authors: Madeline A. Ward, Anu Stanley, Lorna E. Deeth, Rob Deardon, Zeny Feng and Lise A. Trotz-Williams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1232

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The National Early Warning Score (NEWS/NEWS 2) has been adopted across the National Health Service (NHS) in the U.K. as a method of escalating care for deteriorating patients. Intensive Care Unit (ICU) resourc...

    Authors: Hassan Zaidi, Mohamed Bader-El-Den and James McNicholas

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1231

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The technical efficiency (TE) of care among the elderly in long-term care facilities (LTCF) have become increasingly crucial policy concerns faced by developing countries and Asia, especially China. The purpos...

    Authors: Liangwen Zhang, Yanbing Zeng and Ya Fang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1230

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Coal dust is one of the most serious risk factor that leads to respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases in miners. This study aimed to observe the effects of occupational dust exposure on chest radiogr...

    Authors: Qiuyun Wu, Lei Han, Ming Xu, Hengdong Zhang, Bangmei Ding and Baoli Zhu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1229

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The United Kingdom (UK) fully-implemented standardised packaging for cigarettes and rolling tobacco on 20th May 2017. We explore adolescent’s awareness of, and responses to, standardised cigarette packaging in...

    Authors: Danielle Mitchell, Crawford Moodie, Nathan Critchlow and Linda Bauld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1227

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    There is compelling evidence that physical activity has many physical and mental health benefits and can delay the development of disability in older age. However, uptake of this health behaviour is sub-optima...

    Authors: Geraldine Wallbank, Catherine Sherrington, Colleen G. Canning, Leanne Hassett, Roberta Shepherd, Bethan Richards, Catherine Mackay and Anne Tiedemann

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1225

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  37. Content type: Study protocol

    Decision-making tools represent a paradigm shift in the relationship between the clinician and the user/patient. Some of their advantages include patient commitment, the promotion of preferences and values, an...

    Authors: Maria Inmaculada de Molina-Férnandez, Laia Raigal-Aran, Miriam de la Flor-Lopez, Paula Prata, Isabel Font-Jimenez, Francesc Valls-Fonayet, Gemma March-Jardi, Ramon Escuriet-Peiro and Lourdes Rubio-Rico

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1224

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), however, the studies on lifestyle and genetic risks in Chinese pilgrims to Hajj was limited. The aim of this study is to examine the pr...

    Authors: Yinxia Zhang, Fangfang Shi, Zhanbiao Yu, Aimin Yang, Maolan Zeng, Jiaoyue Wang, Haiping Yin, Benzhong Zhang and Xiao Ma

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1223

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Overweight and obesity prevalence has increased significantly over the past two decades, currently impacting greater than 60% of Australians. It is unclear if a social perception of a healthy weight has been o...

    Authors: C. A. Opie, K. Glenister and J. Wright

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1222

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Liberia is among the three west African countries which were crippled by the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak of 2014. One of the programs which was affected by the EVD outbreak was the National Leprosy and ...

    Authors: Kassaye Tekie Desta, Dedeh Barr Kessely and Jerry G. Daboi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1221

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Health literacy is defined as the cognitive and social skills that determine the motivation and ability of individuals to gain access to, understand and use information in ways that promote and maintain good h...

    Authors: Yiwei Huang, Tingting Ruan, Qiaoyun Yi, Tingting Wang and Zhihua Guo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1220

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Given the urban-rural structure and the increase in rural-to-urban migration, three types of children have emerged in contemporary China: rural, urban, and migrant children. Health disparities among these type...

    Authors: Dianxi Wang

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1219

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are a widely used tool that has been proven to be effective in the prevention and control of malaria in malaria endemic countries. However, usage varies among households and can...

    Authors: Charles Njumkeng, Tobias O. Apinjoh, Judith K. Anchang-Kimbi, Elvis T. Amin, Elvis A. Tanue, Clarisse Njua-Yafi and Eric A. Achidi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1216

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in high-risk groups is an effective strategy for TB control and elimination in low incidence settings. A nine-month course of daily isoniazid (INH) has been th...

    Authors: Marie Nancy Séraphin, HsiaoChu Hsu, Helena J. Chapman, Joanne L. de Andrade Bezerra, Lori Johnston, Yang Yang and Michael Lauzardo

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1214

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Menstrual apps facilitate observation and analysis of menstrual cycles and associated factors through the collection and interpretation of data entered by users. As a subgroup of health-related apps, menstrual...

    Authors: Johanna Levy and Nuria Romo-Avilés

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:1213

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