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  1. Presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in early life may influence cardiovascular outcome later in adulthood. There is limited data regarding MetS among Thai adolescents. This study aimed to estimate the preval...

    Authors: Sirinapa Siwarom, Wichai Aekplakorn, Kwanchai Pirojsakul, Witchuri Paksi, Pattapong Kessomboon, Nareemarn Neelapaichit, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Sawitri Assanangkornchai and Surasak Taneepanichskul

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:678

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Child marriage is a human rights violation disproportionately impacting girls in low- and middle-income countries. In the Middle East region, conflict and displacement have prompted concerns that families are ...

    Authors: Shatha Elnakib, Salma Abou Hussein, Sali Hafez, May Elsallab, Kara Hunersen, Janna Metzler and W. Courtland Robinson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:674

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis are to examine the prevalence of adverse mental health outcomes, both short-term and long-term, among SARS patients, healthcare workers and the general publ...

    Authors: Steven W. H. Chau, Oscar W. H. Wong, Rema Ramakrishnan, Sandra S. M. Chan, Evelyn K. Y. Wong, Pinky Y. T. Li, Vanessa Raymont, Kathryn Elliot, Shanaya Rathod, Gayathri Delanerolle and Peter Phiri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:670

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Kuwait is amongst countries in the Gulf region with high income economy. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), one in five adults in the Gulf region is obese. This study sought to evaluate the prev...

    Authors: Victor M. Oguoma, Neil T. Coffee, Saad Alsharrah, Mohamed Abu-Farha, Faisal H. Al-Refaei, Fahd Al-Mulla and Mark Daniel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:667

    Content type: Research article

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  5. High rates of unintended adolescent pregnancy are a significant health problem in Uganda. To improve access to family planning (FP) services, community-based Village Health Teams (VHTs) are widely employed in ...

    Authors: Robert Kalyesubula, Jessica Mitter Pardo, Stephanie Yeh, Richard Munana, Ivan Weswa, Joseph Adducci, Faith Nassali, Mennen Tefferi, John Mundaka and Sahai Burrowes

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:666

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Infant feeding practices are imperative for babies’ and mothers’ health and emotional wellbeing. Although infant feeding may seem simple, the decisions surrounding it are complex and have far-reaching implicat...

    Authors: Josephine Etowa, Jean Hannan, Egbe B. Etowa, Seye Babatunde and J. Craig Phillips

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:663

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Seasonality in tuberculosis (TB) has been found in different parts of the world, showing a peak in spring/summer and a trough in autumn/winter. The evidence is less clear which factors drive seasonality. It wa...

    Authors: Tanja Charles, Matthias Eckardt, Basel Karo, Walter Haas and Stefan Kröger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:661

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The ways church youth make sexual decisions are incompletely understood and yet important for public health interventions. This study aimed to examine personal religiosity influences on the sexual decisions by...

    Authors: Elias Mpofu, Kayi Ntinda, Lisa Lopez Levers, Angelique van Rensberg and Fidelis Nkomazana

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:659

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In 2016, the “Act on Support for Overseas Expansion of Healthcare System and Attraction of International Patients” was enacted by the South Korean government in an attempt to accelerate growth of its medical t...

    Authors: Qing Xu, Vidya Purushothaman, Raphael E. Cuomo and Tim K. Mackey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:658

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The present study was conducted to design and evaluate the software and web-based curriculum based on Pender Model in order to promote students’ physical activity.

    Authors: Sahar Sabooteh, Awat Feizi, Parivash Shekarchizadeh, Hossein Shahnazi and Firoozeh Mostafavi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:657

    Content type: Research article

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  11. South Africa has a persistent burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Male circumcision has been shown to be effective in preventing HIV and STIs, but data are scarce on the protective effect of circ...

    Authors: Blanchard Mbay Iyemosolo, Tawanda Chivese and Tonya M. Esterhuizen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:656

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Recent research has been conducted by various countries and regions on the impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) on reducing the spread of COVID19. This study evaluates the tradeoffs between potent...

    Authors: Buse Eylul Oruc, Arden Baxter, Pinar Keskinocak, John Asplund and Nicoleta Serban

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:655

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted a lockdown in many countries to control the exponential spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, hereby reducing the time-varying basic reproduction number (Rt) to below one. Governments...

    Authors: Koen Deforche, Jurgen Vercauteren, Viktor Müller and Anne-Mieke Vandamme

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:654

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. The objective of the study was to determine the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and positive childhood experiences (PCEs) with family health in adulthood. Prior research indicates that...

    Authors: Chantel L. Daines, Dustin Hansen, M. Lelinneth B. Novilla and AliceAnn Crandall

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:651

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Despite the aging HIV epidemic, increasing age can be associated with hesitancy to test. Addressing this gap is a critical policy concern and highlights the urgent need to identify the underlying factors, to i...

    Authors: Cheryl Johnson, Moses Kumwenda, Jamilah Meghji, Augustine T. Choko, Mackwellings Phiri, Karin Hatzold, Rachel Baggaley, Miriam Taegtmeyer, Fern Terris-Prestholt, Nicola Desmond and Elizabeth L. Corbett

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:650

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Integrated early childhood development (IECD) is a comprehensive approach to optimal development of children in different developmental domains from fetal stage to eight years of age. The aim of this study was...

    Authors: Omolbanin Atashbahar, Ali Akbari Sari, Amirhossein Takian, Alireza Olyaeemanesh, Efat Mohamadi and Sayyed Hamed Barakati

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:649

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a prominent and widespread public health problem in developing countries, including Bangladesh. About 2% of all deaths among under-five children are attributable to VAD. Evidence-...

    Authors: Nahyatul Marjan, Atikur Rahman, Rumana Rois and Azizur Rahman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:648

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. In view of the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, it remains unclear whether the severity of illness and time interval from symptom onset to release from quarantine differ between cases that orig...

    Authors: Suochen Tian, Min Wu, Zhenqin Chang, Yunxia Wang, Guijie Zhou, Wenming Zhang, Junmin Xing, Hui Tian, Xihong Zhang, Xiuli Zou, Lina Zhang, Mingxin Liu, Juan Chen, Jian Han, Kang Ning, Shuangfeng Chen…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:647

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Alexandra P. Metse, Caitlin Fehily, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Olivia Wynne, Sharon Lawn, John Wiggers and Jenny A. Bowman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:646

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:463

  20. This study determined (1) whether a change in frailty status after a 1 year follow up is associated with healthcare utilization and evaluated (2) whether a change in frailty status after a 1 year follow up and...

    Authors: Chia-Ming Li, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Chia-Ing Li, Chiu-Shong Liu, Wen-Yuan Lin, Tsai-Chung Li and Cheng-Chieh Lin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:645

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. HIV testing and counseling (HTC) services are key for HIV prevention, treatment, care, and support. Although the prevalence of HIV infection is high among adolescents and young adults, evidence suggests the ut...

    Authors: Adugnaw Zeleke Alem, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew and Habtamu Alganeh Guadie

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:644

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Nonrestorative sleep is a common sleep disorder with a prevalence ranging from 1.4 to 35%, and is associated with various psychological and physical health issues. Noise exposure and noise sensitivity have bee...

    Authors: Sha Li, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Bradley McPherson, Esther Yuet Ying Lau, Lixi Huang and Mary Sau Man Ip

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:643

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. The role of physical activity in the promotion of children’s well-being and health is widely known. However, research indicates that the time spent physically exercising and participating in organized sport ac...

    Authors: Stefanie Wessely, Dagmar Starke, Simone Weyers and Christine Joisten

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:642

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  24. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pressing phenomenon whose consequences are associated with severe physical and mental health outcomes. Every minute, around 24 people in the United States are raped, physic...

    Authors: Vivian Hui and Rose Eva Constantino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:641

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Amanda Rodrigues, Claudio J. Struchiner, Lara E. Coelho, Valdilea G. Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn and Paula M. Luz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:640

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Public Health 2021 21:389

  26. Community disaster resilience is comprised of a multitude of factors, including the capacity of citizens to psychologically recover. There is growing recognition of the need for public health departments to pr...

    Authors: Tamar Wyte-Lake, Susan Schmitz, Reginald J. Kornegay, Felix Acevedo and Aram Dobalian

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:639

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. SARS-CoV-2 has ever-increasing attributed deaths. Vital sign trends are routinely used to monitor patients with changes in these parameters preceding an adverse event. Wearable sensors can measure vital signs ...

    Authors: Fahad Mujtaba Iqbal, Meera Joshi, Gary Davies, Sadia Khan, Hutan Ashrafian and Ara Darzi

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:638

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. American Indian elders, aged 55 years and older, represent a neglected segment of the United States (U.S.) health care system. This group is more likely to be uninsured and to suffer from greater morbidities, ...

    Authors: Cathleen E. Willging, Elise Trott Jaramillo, Emily Haozous, David H. Sommerfeld and Steven P. Verney

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:636

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Mental health disorders appear as a growing problem in urban areas. While common mental health disorders are generally linked to demographic and socioeconomic factors, little is known about the interaction wit...

    Authors: Ingrid Pelgrims, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Madeleine Guyot, Hans Keune, Tim S. Nawrot, Roy Remmen, Nelly D. Saenen, Sonia Trabelsi, Isabelle Thomas, Raf Aerts and Eva M. De Clercq

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:635

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are diseases of the immune system that share some genetic and lifestyle-related predisposing factors. Increasing incidences have been reported in all age groups. Based on exp...

    Authors: Nathalie Fogh Rasmussen, Bodil Hammer Bech, Katrine Hass Rubin and Vibeke Andersen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:634

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Community engagement (CE) is a well-established practical and scholarly field, recognised as core to the science and ethics of health research, for which researchers and practitioners have increasingly asked q...

    Authors: Samantha Vanderslott, Manya Van Ryneveld, Mark Marchant, Shelley Lees, Sylvie Kwedi Nolna and Vicki Marsh

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:633

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. This paper evaluates the increase in coverage and use of Covid-19 testing services for vulnerable and hard-to-reach populations through the introduction of community-based walk-up sites in New Orleans, LA. Whi...

    Authors: Julie H. Hernandez, Dimitris Karletsos, Jennifer Avegno and Chantell H. Reed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:632

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. In this study we cluster the districts of India in terms of the spread of COVID-19 and related variables such as population density and the number of specialty hospitals. Simulation using a compartment model i...

    Authors: Pooja Sengupta, Bhaswati Ganguli, Sugata SenRoy and Aditya Chatterjee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:631

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. A key strategy for mitigating the current opioid epidemic is expanded access to medications for treating opioid use disorder (MOUD). However, interventions developed to expand MOUD access have limited ability ...

    Authors: Dennis P. Watson, James A. Swartz, Lisa Robison-Taylor, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Kim Erwin, Nicole Gastala, Antonio D. Jimenez, Monte D. Staton and Sarah Messmer

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:630

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. Physical activity (PA) is known to be associated with lipid profiles and the risk of both cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of objectively measured PA, s...

    Authors: Sonja Aho, Meri-Sisko Vuoristo, Jani Raitanen, Kirsi Mansikkamäki, Johanna Alanko, Henri Vähä-Ypyä, Riitta Luoto, Pirkko-Liisa Kellokumpu-Lehtinen and Tommi Vasankari

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:629

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Participation in on-the-land programs that encourage traditional cultural activities may improve health and well-being. The Income Security Program (ISP) − a financial incentive-based on-the-land program − for Ee...

    Authors: Robert J. Moriarity, Aleksandra M. Zuk, Eric N. Liberda and Leonard J. S. Tsuji

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:628

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. This study aims to assess the interactive effects of Brazilian public interventions, environmental health programs (access to water, sanitation and solid waste collection) and a Conditional Cash Transfer Progr...

    Authors: Anelise Andrade de Souza, Sueli Aparecida Mingoti, Rômulo Paes-Sousa and Leo Heller

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:627

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is effective in curbing rates of HIV infection in children because its interventions reduce the rates of transmission during pregnancy, in labour, and ...

    Authors: Beatrice M’baya Kansinjiro and Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:626

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Mental disorders are related to high individual suffering and significant socio-economic burdens. However, it remains unclear to what extent self-reported mental distress is related to individuals’ days of inc...

    Authors: Gerhard Müller, Manuela Bombana, Monika Heinzel-Gutenbrenner, Nikolaus Kleindienst, Martin Bohus, Lisa Lyssenko and Ruben Vonderlin

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:625

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common malignant disease of the endocrine system. Based on the previously published reports, the incidence of TC has been increasing in the past 25 years, and the reason for the...

    Authors: Yiran Cui, Sumaira Mubarik, Ruijia Li, Nawsherwan and Chuanhua Yu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:624

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) groups, particularly lower SES males, are at greater risk of alcohol-related harm than higher SES groups, despite drinking at the same level or less. However, they are rarely r...

    Authors: Sarah Dance, Charlotte Dack, Celia Lasheras, Cathy McMahon, Paul Scott and Sally Adams

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:623

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Despite current preventative strategies, road traffic collisions (RTCs) and resultant neurotrauma remain a major problem in India. This study seeks to explore local perspectives in the context within which RTC...

    Authors: Santhani M Selveindran, Gurusinghe D. N. Samarutilake, K. Madhu Narayana Rao, Jogi V. Pattisapu, Christine Hill, Angelos G. Kolias, Rajesh Pathi, Peter J. A. Hutchinson and M. V. Vijaya Sekhar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:618

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Despite scientific evidence that climate change has profound and far reaching implications for public health, translating this knowledge in a manner that supports citizen engagement, applied decision-making, a...

    Authors: Laura Cameron, Rhéa Rocque, Kailey Penner and Ian Mauro

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2021 21:617

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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