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  1. Content type: Research article

    Sedentary behaviors are prevalent in Chinese children, however, the studies on their trends and socioeconomic disparities are scarce. We examined the time trends of daily television (TV) viewing and video game...

    Authors: Wei-Jie Gong, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Man-Ping Wang, Tai-Hing Lam, Thomas Wai-Hung Chung and Sai-Yin Ho

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:754

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Scabies occurs worldwide with a prevalence between 0.3 and 46.0%. In Ghana, even though a 5.1% proportion of scabies was reported in a retrospective review of skin diseases at the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, t...

    Authors: Basil Benduri Kaburi, Donne Kofi Ameme, George Adu-Asumah, Dora Dadzie, Emmanuel Kwame Tender, Smith Vincent Addeh, Theophilus Aryee, Adolphina Addo-Lartey, Samuel Oko Sackey, Fredrick Wurapa, Edwin Andrew Afari and Ernest Kenu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:746

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Increased global urbanisation has led to public health challenges. Community gardens are identified as a mechanism for addressing socio-ecological determinants of health. This study aims to explore motives for...

    Authors: Jonathan Kingsley, Emily Foenander and Aisling Bailey

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:745

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Smoking prevention programmes that reach adolescents before they experiment with tobacco may reduce the prevalence of tobacco use. ASSIST is a school-based, peer-led smoking prevention programme that encourage...

    Authors: Fiona Dobbie, Richard Purves, Jennifer McKell, Nadine Dougall, Rona Campbell, James White, Amanda Amos, Laurence Moore and Linda Bauld

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:742

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Although job loss has been associated with decline in health, the effect of long term unemployment is less clear and under-researched. Furthermore, the impact of an economic recession on this relationship is u...

    Authors: Gerrie-Cor Herber, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Marc Koopmanschap, Karin Proper, Fons van der Lucht, Hendriek Boshuizen, Johan Polder and Ellen Uiters

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:740

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Multimorbidity is associated with higher healthcare utilization; however, data exploring its association with readmission are scarce. We aimed to investigate which most important patterns of multimorbidity are...

    Authors: Carole E. Aubert, Jeffrey L. Schnipper, Niklaus Fankhauser, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Jérôme Stirnemann, Andrew D. Auerbach, Eyal Zimlichman, Sunil Kripalani, Eduard E. Vasilevskis, Edmondo Robinson, Joshua Metlay, Grant S. Fletcher, Andreas Limacher and Jacques Donzé

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:738

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  7. Content type: Research

    The presence of homelessness in Malaysia is not a new issue. The existence of homeless population is growing, along with the development of this country. With the increasing number of homelessness, the range o...

    Authors: Azimatun Noor Aizuddin, Siti Waffa Abdul Jabar and Idayu Badila Idris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):548

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 4

  8. Content type: Research

    Poor oral health has an impact on food choices and intake of important nutrients among older population. The use of oral health-related quality of life instruments along with the clinical dental indicators can...

    Authors: Tanti Irawati Rosli, Yoke Mun Chan, Rahimah Abdul Kadir and Tengku Aizan Abdul Hamid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):547

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 4

  9. Content type: Research

    The risk factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) specific for women are less well studied. However, knowing the risk factors of IHD for women will empower women themselves to be better informed and thus can he...

    Authors: Norafidah Abdul Rashid, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi and Shamsuddin Khadijah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):545

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 4

  10. Content type: Research

    Low birth weight prevalence in Malaysia remains high. Socioeconomic background may lead to differences in physical activity and maternal nutritional status, which may play an important role in birth outcomes.

    Authors: Satvinder Kaur, Choon Ming Ng, Slyvia E. Badon, Rohana Abdul Jalil, Dhivyalosini Maykanathan, Hip Seng Yim and Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):539

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 4

  11. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the role of social class in the association between adiposity measures and self-rated health, and several studies have evaluated its influence as a confounder. The aim of the study is to ...

    Authors: Thaís Lopes de Oliveira, Rosane Harter Griep, Joanna Nery Guimarães, Luana Giatti, Dóra Chor and Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:734

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  12. Content type: Research article

    When communicating risks to the general population, the format of the epidemiological results may affect individual reactions. In environmental epidemiology, no study has compared the use of different statisti...

    Authors: Michela Baccini, Laura Ghirardi, Domenica Farinella and Annibale Biggeri

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:733

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Women in India are often asked to make informal payments for maternal health care services that the government has mandated to be free. This paper is a descriptive case study of a social accountability project...

    Authors: Marta Schaaf and Jashodhara Dasgupta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:732

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  14. Content type: Research article

    With Universal Health Coverage and Integrated People-centred Health Care, streamlined health-systems and respectful care are necessary. South Africa has made great strides in prevention of mother-to-child tran...

    Authors: Elizabeth Spooner, Kerusha Govender, Tarylee Reddy, Gita Ramjee, Noxolo Mbadi, Swaran Singh and Anna Coutsoudis

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:731

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Indigenous communities across the circumpolar north have elevated H. pylori (Hp) prevalence and stomach cancer incidence. We aimed to describe the Hp-associated disease burden among western Canadian Arctic partic...

    Authors: Katharine Fagan-Garcia, Janis Geary, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Laura McAlpine, Emily Walker, Amy Colquhoun, Sander Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Safwat Girgis, Billy Archie, Brendan Hanley, Andre Corriveau, John Morse, Rachel Munday and Karen J. Goodman

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:730

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Active transportation, such as walking and biking, is a healthy way for children to explore their environment and develop independence. However, children can be injured while walking and biking. Many cities ma...

    Authors: Brent E. Hagel, Alison Macpherson, Andrew Howard, Pamela Fuselli, Marie-Soleil Cloutier, Meghan Winters, Sarah A. Richmond, Linda Rothman, Kathy Belton, Ron Buliung, Carolyn A. Emery, Guy Faulkner, Jacqueline Kennedy, Tracey Ma, Colin Macarthur, Gavin R. McCormack…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:728

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  17. Content type: Research article

    A physically active lifestyle contributes to the prevention of lifestyle diseases, promotion of physical health, and reduction of pain, among other benefits. Being physically active also promotes mental health...

    Authors: Sengül Sari, Randi Bilberg, Anette Søgaard Nielsen and Kirsten Kaya Roessler

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:727

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  18. Content type: Research article

    This study describes patterns of adolescents’ objectively-measured sitting volume, sitting bouts, and breaks in sitting during different days and periods of the day, and explored differences by sex and weekday...

    Authors: Lauren Arundell, Jo Salmon, Harriet Koorts, Ana Maria Contardo Ayala and Anna Timperio

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:653

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Development of drug resistance caused by self-medication with antibiotics, can be seen as one of the growing global threats. Self-medication is defined as the selection and use of medicines by individuals to t...

    Authors: Yonatan Ateshim, Batseba Bereket, Feruz Major, Youel Emun, Biruck Woldai, Ismail Pasha, Eyasu Habte and Mulugeta Russom

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:726

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Depression, the world’s leading cause of disability, disproportionately affects women. Women in India, one of the most gender unequal countries worldwide, face systemic gender disadvantage that significantly i...

    Authors: Nicola Gailits, Kaaren Mathias, Elysée Nouvet, Pooja Pillai and Lisa Schwartz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:725

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Intimate partner violence (IPV) around the time of pregnancy is a recognized global health problem with damaging consequences. However, little is known about the effect of violence assessment and intervention ...

    Authors: Lena Henriksen, Eva Marie Flaathen, Jeanette Angelshaug, Lisa Garnweidner-Holme, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Josef Noll, Angela Taft, Berit Schei and Mirjam Lukasse

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:724

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Indoor environmental quality significantly influences the occurrence of asthma attack. Zunyi District has abundant coal reserves and is regarded as one of the cities that are most severely polluted by high lev...

    Authors: Shixu Li, Jie Xu, Zhigang Jiang, Ya Luo, Yu Yang and Jie Yu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:723

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The HIV prevalence among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China has increased yearly. This study aimed to explore the association between the characteristics of social communication and condomless anal inter...

    Authors: Juan Yang, Huifang Xu, Shuo Li, Weibin Cheng, Yuzhou Gu, Peng Xu, Qiuyan Yu and Fan Lv

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:722

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Pastoralists rely on traditional healers (THs) for general health problems. However, some studies indicate that such practices result in delays in the diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) cases. This s...

    Authors: Bezawit Temesgen Sima, Tefera Belachew, Gunnar Bjune and Fekadu Abebe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:721

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Adherence to ART is the primary determinant of viral suppression and the risk of transmission, disease progression and death. Adherence of at least 95% is needed for optimal suppression. This study aimed at de...

    Authors: Sujan Neupane, Govinda Prasad Dhungana and Harish Chandra Ghimire

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:720

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  26. Content type: Research article

    In Ghana, limited evidence exists about the geographical accessibility to health facilities providing tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic services to facilitate early diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, we aimed to a...

    Authors: Desmond Kuupiel, Kwame M. Adu, Felix Apiribu, Vitalis Bawontuo, Duncan A. Adogboba, Kwasi T. Ali and Tivani P. Mashamba-Thompson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:718

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Ghana and sometimes comes with multifaceted complications including sexual dysfunction. While evidence is clear that living with stroke can result in sexua...

    Authors: Olutobi Adekunle Sanuade

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:717

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The Go4Fun program in New South Wales, Australia is a community based weight management program for overweight and obese children aged 7–13 years and their families. This study assessed the impact of the numbe...

    Authors: Santosh Khanal, Leah Choi, Christine Innes-Hughes and Chris Rissel

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:716

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  29. Content type: Research article

    In the context of an ageing population and an increase in the appearance of chronic diseases, the commitment of caregivers makes it possible for people confronted with disease to remain at home. Over time, the...

    Authors: Marie-Conception Leocadie, Hélène Lefebvre and Monique Rothan-Tondeur

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:714

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In Singapore, a densely urbanised Asian society, more than 80% of the population stays in public housing estates and the majority (90%) own their own homes. For the needy who cannot afford home ownership, publ...

    Authors: Liang En Wee, Lian Leng Low, Julian Thumboo, Angelique Chan and Kheng Hock Lee

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:713

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  31. Content type: Study protocol

    Adolescence is a period of elevated stress sensitivity, which places adolescents at increased risk of developing mental health problems such as burnout, depression, anxiety, and externalizing problems. Early i...

    Authors: Amanda W. G. van Loon, Hanneke E. Creemers, Simone Vogelaar, Nadira Saab, Anne C. Miers, P. Michiel Westenberg and Jessica J. Asscher

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:712

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  32. Content type: Research article

    To mitigate air pollution-related health risks and target interventions towards the populations bearing the greatest risks, the City Health Outlook (CHO) project aims to establish multi-scale, long-lasting, re...

    Authors: Lu Liang, Peng Gong, Na Cong, Zhichao Li, Yu Zhao and Ying Chen

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:711

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    The changes in China’s family planning policy in recent years have led to changes in the age structure of pregnant women, and the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) is also on the rise. Cognitive Behavi...

    Authors: Mei Sun, Siyuan Tang, Jiarui Chen, Ying Li, Wenhui Bai, Virginia Plummer, Louisa Lam, Chunxiang Qin and Wendy M. Cross

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:710

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The combined association of physical activity and sedentary behavior with adverse health factors is not yet clear in the literature. A combined analysis of physical activity level and sedentary behavior may pr...

    Authors: Venicius Dantas da Silva, Sheilla Tribess, Joilson Meneguci, Jeffer Eidi Sasaki, Cíntia Aparecida Garcia-Meneguci, José Ailton Oliveira Carneiro and Jair Sindra Virtuoso Jr

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:709

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  35. Content type: Research article

    A population-based approach to healthcare goes beyond the traditional biomedical model and addresses the importance of cross-sectoral collaboration in promoting health of communities. By establishing partnersh...

    Authors: Mohammad Shahzad, Ross Upshur, Peter Donnelly, Aamir Bharmal, Xiaolin Wei, Patrick Feng and Adalsteinn D. Brown

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:708

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Fruit and vegetable consumption was considered a protective effect against cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs). This study aimed to project the reduction in the CVD burden under different scenar...

    Authors: Xiuting Mo, Ruoyan Tobe Gai, Kimi Sawada, Yoshimutsu Takahashi, Sharon E. Cox, Takeo Nakayama and Rintaro Mori

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:707

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Whilst people with intellectual disability grow older, evidence has emerged internationally about the largely unmet health needs of this specific ageing population. Health checks have been implemented in some ...

    Authors: Annette Bauer, Laurence Taggart, Jill Rasmussen, Chris Hatton, Lesley Owen and Martin Knapp

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:706

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Air pollution is becoming an increased burden to the world. Previous studies have confirmed its effects on adverse birth outcomes, but few associated with premature small for gestational age (SGA). We report a...

    Authors: Shushu Li, Huaiyan Wang, Haiting Hu, Zeying Wu, Kejin Chen and Zhilei Mao

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:705

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  39. Content type: Research article

    In the Gaza strip, diarrhea is one of main reasons for children visiting primary healthcare centers. Hence, we investigate predictors of the diarrheal illness and health care-seeking behavior among different a...

    Authors: Samer Abuzerr, Simin Nasseri, Masud Yunesian, Mahdi Hadi, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Ramin Nabizadeh and Ayman Abu Mustafa

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:704

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In an effort to complement the current chemotherapy based schistosomiasis control interventions in Shinyanga district, community knowledge, perceptions and water contact practices were qualitatively assessed u...

    Authors: Teckla Angelo, Safari M. Kinung’hi, Jorum Buza, Joseph R. Mwanga, Henry Curtis Kariuki and Shona Wilson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:703

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Social inclusion is a human right for all people, including people with mental illness. It is also an important part of recovery from mental illness. In Timor-Leste, no research has investigated the social exp...

    Authors: Teresa Hall, Ritsuko Kakuma, Lisa Palmer, Harry Minas, João Martins and Michelle Kermode

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:702

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Parental support is an important element in overweight prevention programs for children. The purpose of this study was to examine everyday life situations in which mothers encounter difficulties encouraging he...

    Authors: Emilie L. M. Ruiter, Gerdine A. J. Fransen, Gerard R. M. Molleman, Michelle J. H. M. Hoeijmakers, Koos van der Velden and Rutger C. M. E. Engels

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:701

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about the long-term shifts in distributions of three abdominal-obesity-related indicators, waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) among Chinese adu...

    Authors: Xiwen Qian, Chang Su, Bing Zhang, Guoyou Qin, Huijun Wang and Zhenyu Wu

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:700

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The majority of empirical studies focus on a single Social Determinant of Health (SDH) when analysing health inequalities. We go beyond this by exploring how the combination of education (micro level) and hous...

    Authors: Jordi Gumà, Aïda Solé-Auró and Bruno Arpino

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:699

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  45. Content type: Study protocol

    Many studies have demonstrated positive effects of physical activity on children’s health such as improved cardiorespiratory function and decreased obesity. Physical activity has also been found to have positi...

    Authors: Kenji Takehara, Togoobaatar Ganchimeg, Akihito Kikuchi, Lkagvasuren Gundegmaa, Lkagvasuren Altantsetseg, Ai Aoki, Takemune Fukuie, Kazuya Suwabe, Shagdar Bat-Erdene, Masashi Mikami, Rintaro Mori and Hideaki Soya

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:697

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Obstetrical fistula (OF) is a public health challenge that is among the previously neglected components of maternal health in the developing world. The condition, which in the recent past has increasingly draw...

    Authors: John Bosco Bomboka, Mary Gorrethy N-Mboowa and Jennifer Nakilembe

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:696

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  47. Content type: Research article

    This study was initiated to evaluate, for the first time, the performance and quality of the influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance system in Tunisia.

    Authors: Rihab Yazidi, Wafa Aissi, Hind Bouguerra, Mariem Nouira, Ghassen Kharroubi, Latifa Maazaoui, Mokhtar Zorraga, Naima Abdeddaiem, Sadok Chlif, Awatef El Moussi, Mohamed Ali Ben Hadj Kacem, Mohamed Ali Snoussi, Wissem Ghawar, Makram Koubaa, Lauren Polansky, Margaret McCarron…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19:694

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