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  1. Child labor is one of the important social issues that deprive children of many fundamental rights, and make them face many problems and consequences, including health problems. Thus, this study was conducted ...

    Authors: Haleh Jafari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Nematollah Fazeli, Fatemeh Khoshnavay Fomani and Shokoh Varaei
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1891
  2. Khat, a naturally growing stimulant, has seen a significant increase in both consumption and cultivation in eastern Ethiopia. This reliance on khat in the region comes despite its known physiological complicat...

    Authors: Elizabeth A. Wood, Stuart J. Case, Sarah L. Collins, Heather Stark and Tara Wilfong
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1887
  3. The following article presents an analysis of the impact of the Environmental, Social and Governance-ESG determinants on Hospital Emigration to Another Region-HEAR in the Italian regions in the period 2004-202...

    Authors: Emanuela Resta, Onofrio Resta, Alberto Costantiello and Angelo Leogrande
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1880
  4. Multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) are products capable of simultaneously addressing multiple sexual and reproductive health needs such as unwanted pregnancy, STIs including HIV-1, and other reproduct...

    Authors: Adlight Dandadzi, Alinda M. Young, Petina Musara, Mary Kate Shapley-Quinn, Doreen Kemigisha, Prisca Mutero, Nyaradzo M. Mgodi, Juliane Etima and Alexandra A. Minnis
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1876
  5. Underweight is a prevalent health issue in children. This study aimed to identify factors associated with underweight in children aged 1–2 years in Hamadan city. Unlike the studies conducted in this field, whi...

    Authors: Sara Manoochehri, Javad Faradmal, Jalal Poorolajal, Fatemeh Torkaman Asadi and Ali Reza Soltanian
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1875
  6. Organic phosphorus insecticides (OPPs) are a class of environmental pollutants widely used worldwide with potential human health risks. We aimed to assess the association between exposure to OPPs and osteoarth...

    Authors: Shenhao Zhu, Yang Zhou, Menglin Chao, Yuqing Zhang, Weili Cheng, Hongyao Xu, Lai Zhang, Qin Tao and Qiang Da
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1873
  7. Despite domestic violence and related homicides perpetrated by partners and/or in-laws being a significant public health problem in India, there are no reliable and valid instruments to identify and intervene ...

    Authors: Bushra Sabri, Jacquelyn C. Campbell, Naseem Ahmad Khan, Mohammad Tahir, Mohd Arif Khan and Mohd Naseem Khan
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1870
  8. The climate crisis is a significant risk to the health and wellbeing of children, young people, and future generations. While there are calls for children and young people’s engagement in climate decision maki...

    Authors: Grace Arnot, Samantha Thomas, Hannah Pitt, Simone McCarthy and Elyse Warner
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1869
  9. Bilateral blood pressure (BP) measurement is important in cardiovascular prevention for identifying systolic interarm BP difference (IAD) and hypertension. We investigated sex-stratified IAD prevalence and its...

    Authors: Marie Dahl, Jesper Winkler Andersen, Jes Lindholt, Nikolaj Thure Krarup, Britt Borregaard, Nikolai Uberg and Annette Høgh
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1868
  10. Obesity is a complex chronic disease associated with several adverse health outcomes that increase mortality risk. Physical activity (PA) is recommended for the prevention and treatment of obesity and is relat...

    Authors: Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Rubén Fernández-Rodríguez, Sara Reina-Gutiérrez, Eva Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Sergio Núñez de Arenas-Arroyo and Ana Torres-Costoso
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1867
  11. Due to its economic burden and change of focus, there is no gainsaying of the potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the progress of several female genital mutilation (FGM) interventions across the vari...

    Authors: Camille Morlighem, Corentin Visée and Chibuzor Christopher Nnanatu
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1866
  12. The link between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes has not been fully established. We investigated the temporal relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabe...

    Authors: Yujie Liu, Xian Liang, Yifan Hu, Ning Zhang, Xingren Zhu, Yuemei Feng, Zixiu Qin, Zihao Wang, Baima Kangzhuo, Xiong Xiao and Xing Zhao
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1865
  13. Diarrheal diseases substantially affect public health impact in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), particularly in Africa, where previous studies have indicated a lack of comprehensive data. With a growi...

    Authors: Cecilie Thystrup, Shannon E. Majowicz, Dinaol B. Kitila, Binyam N. Desta, Olanrewaju E. Fayemi, Christianah I. Ayolabi, Ephrasia Hugho, Elna M. Buys, Gabriel B. Akanni, Norgia E. Machava, Celso Monjane, Tine Hald and Sara M. Pires
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1864
  14. Previous studies have revealed associations between sleep quality and mental health, yet the comprehensive role of sleep quality, daytime dysfunction, social exclusion, and self-control in difficulties with em...

    Authors: Wenjuan Wang, Yuqiong Zhu, Hang Yu, Chengcong Wu, Tiancheng Li, Chenguang Ji, Yulian Jiang and Dongyan Ding
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1862
  15. Due to changes in testing policy and increased use of rapid tests, other indicators for SARS-CoV-2 infections are needed to monitor vaccine effectiveness (VE). We aimed to estimate VE against COVID-19 sick lea...

    Authors: Hinta Meijerink, Lamprini Veneti, Anja Bråthen Kristoffersen, Anders Skyrud Danielsen, Melanie Stecher and Jostein Starrfelt
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1861
  16. Movement behaviours, such as sedentary behavior (SB) and physical inactivity, have become a public health issue due to their implications for physical and mental health. The literature indicates that the unive...

    Authors: Bruna Carolina Rafael Barbosa, Luiz Antônio Alves de Menezes-Júnior, Waléria de Paula, Carolina Martins dos Santos Chagas, Elaine Leandro Machado, Eulilian Dias de Freitas, Clareci Silva Cardoso, Fernanda de Carvalho Vidigal, Luciana Neri Nobre, Luciana Saraiva da Silva and Adriana Lúcia Meireles
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1860
  17. To analyze the rate of gestational syphilis (GS) based on temporal trends over 11 years, as well as the spatial distribution of GS in Brazil, based on the identification of spatial clusters.

    Authors: Thales Philipe Rodrigues da Silva, Rafaela Siqueira Costa Schreck, Débora Caixeta Bernardes de Oliveira, Letícia Vieira Mascarenhas, Bianca Maria Oliveira Luvisaro, Bárbara Tideman Sartório Camargo, Eunice Francisca Martins, Giselle Lima de Freitas and Fernanda Penido Matozinhos
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1859
  18. Spontaneous abortion is a common complication of pregnancy that can lead to adverse physical and psychological outcomes for women. Vitamin D is reported to be associated with reproductive functions, whereas it...

    Authors: Hongping Zhang, Xingru Ding, Xianqing Hu, Yi-Xin Cai, Haiying Chen, Congcong Sun, Jingjing Chen, Xiaoqing Li, Zhenzhen Zheng, Tingting Liao, Na Zhao, Mingchen Zhong, Rujing Fang, Xiu-Feng Huang and Jianqiong Zheng
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1858
  19. The COVID-19 lockdown has forced young children to spend more time on media and significantly impacted their mothers’ mental health. This study explored how mothers’ individual distress influences children’s p...

    Authors: Jingyao Wang, Shumin Wang, Bowen Xiao, Juan Li, Yuemin Feng and Yan Li
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1857
  20. The objective of this umbrella review was to investigate comprehensive and synthesized evidence of the association between ambient air pollution and obesity based on the current systematic reviews and meta-ana...

    Authors: Chengwen Luo, Ting Wei, Weicong Jiang, Yu-pei Yang, Mei-Xian Zhang, Cai-Lian Xiong and Tao-Hsin Tung
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1856
  21. The United Nations established the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015 to enhance global development. In this study, we examine an SDG indicator: the percentage of women aged 15–49 whose family planni...

    Authors: McEwen Khundi, Themba Mzembe, Tabitha Ngwira, Chifuniro S Mankhwala, Chimwemwe Chifungo, Maame B Peterson, Ruth Vellemu, Nyovani J Madise and Michael G Chipeta
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1855
  22. Thyroid nodules have attracted much attention due to their high incidence and potential for malignant transformation. Compared with the clinical assessment and diagnosis of thyroid nodules, there are relativel...

    Authors: Xueqing Li, Zhijian Chen, Lizhi Wu, Pengchen Tu, Zhe Mo and Mingluan Xing
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1854
  23. Southeast Asia is undergoing an epidemiological transition with non-communicable illnesses becoming increasingly important, yet infectious diseases (tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis B, malaria) remain widely preva...

    Authors: Meiwen Zhang, Hannah Kozlowski, Rusheng Chew, Nan Shwe Nwe Htun, Shaun K. Morris, Carolyn Akladious, Abdur Razzaque Sarker, Yoel Lubell and Thomas J. Peto
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1853
  24. The growing prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in younger populations, particularly those of working age (15–64 years), has become a public health concern. Being diagnosed at a younger age...

    Authors: Jia-jie Lv, Yi-chi Zhang, Xin-yu Li, Hong Guo and Cheng-hao Yang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1852
  25. Mental health problems disproportionately affect young people in developing countries. However, there is limited research on help-seeking behaviours and the social support systems that improve mental wellbeing...

    Authors: Ayomide Oluwaseyi Oladosu and Timothy Chanimbe
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1851
  26. Myopia is a major health issue around the world. Myopia in children has increased significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic in China, but reports are scarce on the prevalence of myopia following the pandemic....

    Authors: Ting He, Lei Yin, Qingqing Zheng, Bei He, Zhizi Xu, Tingting Hu, Yuanpeng Wu, Hu Chen, Jie Yu and Ting Shen
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1850
  27. Burnout is an increasing public health concern. Its prevalence has extended across diverse professions globally, posing significant challenges to individuals, organizations, and society. This phenomenon has un...

    Authors: Simindokht Kalani, Mahla Dashti Esfahani and Payam Khanlari
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1849
  28. The ongoing global crisis of Higher Education (HE) institutions during the post-COVID-19 pandemic period has increased the likelihood of enduring psychological stressors for staff. This study aimed to identify...

    Authors: Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Pritimoy Das, Louisa Lam, Sheikh M. Alif, Farhana Sultana, Masudus Salehin, Biswajit Banik, Bindu Joseph, Parul Parul, Andrew Lewis, Dixie Statham, Joanne Porter, Kim Foster, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Wendy Cross, Alycia Jacob…
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1848
  29. College and university students were an important population group of blood donors, especially in the current situation of tight blood supply. This study aimed to investigate the current status and determinant...

    Authors: Mengdi Ma, Ru Yang, Jun Gu, Songqing Ke, Xiaoan Du and Jie Zheng
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1847
  30. A growing proportion of people experience incomplete recovery months after contracting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These COVID-19 survivors develop a condition known as post-COVID syndrome (PCS), wher...

    Authors: Nur Insyirah Sha’ari, Aniza Ismail, Aznida Firzah Abdul Aziz, Leny Suzana Suddin, Amirah Azzeri, Ruhana Sk Abd Razak and Nur Syazana Mad Tahir
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1846
  31. Infection is the most common complication of pediatric patients with nephrotic syndrome. The factors associated with infection in nephrotic syndrome are lacking. The objective of the study was to identify the ...

    Authors: Birhanu Abie Mekonnen, Tilahun Dessie Alene, Yalemwork Anteneh Yimer, Ayenew Molla Lakew and Geta Bayu Genet
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1845
  32. The potential mechanisms linking social participation and depressive symptoms in Chinese individuals with multimorbidity are not yet fully understood. This study aims to explore how cognitive function and acti...

    Authors: Huaiju Ge, Shihong Dong, Wenyu Su, Weimin Guan, Qing Yu, Yan Liu, Yuantao Qi, Xialing Sun, Huiqing Zhang and Guifeng Ma
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1844
  33. Being older and having a migrant feature might cause a double risk of vulnerability in poor economic, social support, and health status at the place of destination. This study examines the association of migra...

    Authors: Vasim Ahamad, Ram Babu Bhagat, Manisha and Sanjay Kumar Pal
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1843
  34. Waist circumference (WC) is a significant indicator of body adiposity and is associated with increased mortality and morbidity of cardiovascular diseases. Although, single nutrient intake and candidate genes w...

    Authors: Anwar H. AlBaloul, Jennifer Griffin, Alexandra Kopytek, Paul Elliott and Gary Frost
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1842
  35. There is a lack of national-level research on alcohol consumption and the epidemiology of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) in South Korea. This study aims to address the critical public health issue of ALD by foc...

    Authors: Jeong-Ju Yoo, Dong Hyeon Lee, Young Chang, Hoongil Jo, Young Youn Cho, Sangheun Lee, Log Young Kim and Jae Young Jang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1841
  36. Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is considered one of the most common medical disorders observed during pregnancy. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), anemia and micronutrients deficiencies among pregnant...

    Authors: Nahla Al-Bayyari, Haleama Al Sabbah, Marah Hailat, Hadeel AlDahoun and Haya Abu-Samra
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1840
  37. Some clients who access healthcare services experience problems due to the wider determinants of health which cannot be addressed (solely) by the medical sector. Social Prescribing (SP) addresses clients ’ wid...

    Authors: C. Bos, E. de Weger, I. Wildeman, N. Pannebakker and P. F. Kemper
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1836
  38. Housing is considered a social determinant of health. In Catalonia and Spain, ensuring affordable housing is challenging and cooperative housing under a grant-of-use emerges as an alternative, challenging trad...

    Authors: Alexia Reyes, Irene Macaya Munell, Carme Borrell, Joao Pedro Carmezim Correia, Ana Fernández, Constanza Vásquez-Vera, Katherine Pérez, Juli Carrere, Lali Daví and Ana M. Novoa
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1835
  39. Past research has suggested a cross-sectional association between COVID-19-related discrimination and PTSD symptom severity. However, no cohort study has examined the longitudinal association that better suppo...

    Authors: Zui Narita, Ryo Okubo, Yohei Sasaki, Kazuyoshi Takeda, Masaki Takao, Hirofumi Komaki, Hideki Oi, Takeshi Miyama and Yoshiharu Kim
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1834
  40. India is experiencing a rising burden of chronic disease multimorbidity due to an aging population and epidemiological transition. Older adults residing in urban slums are especially vulnerable due to challeng...

    Authors: M. Yogesh, Naresh Makwana, Nidhi Trivedi and Naresh Damor
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1833
  41. Diet plays a fundamental role in promoting resilience against stress-related disorders. We aimed to examine the overall and sex-specific association between food groups and perceived stress in adults.

    Authors: Jia Zhou, Huan Wang, Christine Pao, Jingjing Zhou and Zhiyong Zou
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1832
  42. This study aims to investigate international measures for pandemic control in the workplace based on guidelines from international organizations to learn from their experiences.

    Authors: Masoud Motalebi Ghayen, Mitra Faghihi, Elahe Ezati, Yahya Khosravi, Ali Almasi, Ali Asghar Farshad, Narmin Hassanzadeh-Rangi and Shayesteh Shirzadi
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1828
  43. Majority of new Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive persons in Ghana are aged 15–24. HIV prevalence among persons aged 15–24 years, a proxy for new infections, remained stable at 1.5% for 2017 and 2018...

    Authors: Rosemond Appau, Richard Gyan Aboagye, Morkporkpor Nyahe, Nelisiwe Khuzwayo and Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1825
  44. HPV is considered the most common sexually transmitted infection. It is responsible of 70% of cervical cancers worldwide. HIV infection is associated with increased rates of HPV infection. Women Living With HI...

    Authors: Mona Ashry, Shaimaa Shawky, Zeinab Mounir, Fawzy Fathy, Heba Elsayed, Walid Kamal and Mohamed Hassany
    Citation: BMC Public Health 2024 24:1821

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