Skip to main content


Volume 19 Supplement 4

Health and Nutritional Issues Among Low Income Population in Malaysia


Publication of this supplement has not been supported by sponsorship. Information about the source of funding for publication charges can be found in the individual articles. The articles have undergone the journal's standard peer review process for supplements. The Supplement Editors declare that they have no competing interests.

Edited by Suzana Shahar, Sharifah Ezat Wan Puteh and Maria Sofia Amarra.

  1. Content type: Introduction

    The current issue of BMC Public Health presents work by the Consortium of Low Income Population Research (CB40R), highlighting a comprehensive aspect of health, i.e., physical health, mental health, health beh...

    Authors: Suzana Shahar, Huijin Lau, Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, Sofia Amara and Norizan Abdul Razak

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):552

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research

    The rapid growth of economy and increasing cost of living in Malaysia have given significant impact especially to the lowest household income population. The main objective of this study was to determine risk ...

    Authors: Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, Chamhuri Siwar, Mohd Azlan Shah Zaidi and Hazila Abdul Kadir

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):551

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research

    Rural coastal communities in Sabah are still overly represented in the hardcore poor economic status. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hypercholester...

    Authors: Hazriani Harris, Yasmin B. H. Ooi, Jau-Shya Lee and Patricia Matanjun

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):554

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research

    The risk factors of ischemic heart disease (IHD) specific for women are less well studied. However, knowing the risk factors of IHD for women will empower women themselves to be better informed and thus can he...

    Authors: Norafidah Abdul Rashid, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi and Shamsuddin Khadijah

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):545

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research

    Socioeconomic factors and nutritional status have been associated with childhood cognitive development. However, previous Malaysian studies had been conducted with small populations and had inconsistent result...

    Authors: Bee Koon Poh, Shoo Thien Lee, Giin Shang Yeo, Kean Choon Tang, Ab. Rahim Noor Afifah, Awal Siti Hanisa, Panam Parikh, Jyh Eiin Wong and Alvin Lai Oon Ng

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):541

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research

    This study focused on the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent smoking among secondary school students (13 to 17 years) in the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Our objecti...

    Authors: A. H. Nur Atikah, Lei Hum Wee, M. S. Nur Zakiah, Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, N. M. Mohamed Haniki, J. S. Swinderjit and Ching Sin Siau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):579

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was once considered as a Western disease. However, recent epidemiological data showed an emerging trend of IBD cases in the Eastern Asia countries. Clinico-epidemiological data...

    Authors: Norfilza Mohd Mokhtar, Khairul Najmi Muhammad Nawawi, Jaarvis Verasingam, Wong Zhiqin, Ismail Sagap, Zairul Azwan Mohd Azman, Luqman Mazlan, Hamzaini Abdul Hamid, Nur Yazmin Yaacob, Isa Mohamed Rose, Eden Low Ngah Den, Mah Suit Wan and Raja Affendi Raja Ali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):550

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research

    1Little is known of the extent of workplace bullying in Malaysia, despite its growing recognition worldwide as a serious public health issue in the workplace. Workplace bullying is linked to stress-related hea...

    Authors: Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, Jyh Eiin Wong, Lena Lay Ling Yeap, Lei Hum Wee, Nor Aini Jamil and Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):608

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research

    Organization productivity is strongly linked to employees’ socioeconomic characteristics and health which is marked by absenteeism and presenteeism. This study aims to identify anteceding factors predicting em...

    Authors: Lei Hum Wee, Lena Lay Ling Yeap, Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, Jyh Eiin Wong, Nor Aini Jamil, Yogarabindranath Swarna Nantha and Ching Sin Siau

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):540

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research

    The high number of adolescents and young adults harbouring suicidal ideation, as reported by the Ministry of Health Malaysia, is alarming. This cross-sectional study aims to examine the association between soc...

    Authors: Norhayati Ibrahim, Normah Che Din, Mahadir Ahmad, Noh Amit, Shazli Ezzat Ghazali, Suzaily Wahab, Nor Ba’yah Abdul Kadir, Fatimah Wati Halim and Mohd Radzi Tarmizi A. Halim

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):553

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research

    Mental illness rates among young people is high, yet the frequency of help-seeking is low, especially among those from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. Understanding factors influencing help-seeking, such as m...

    Authors: Norhayati Ibrahim, Noh Amit, Suzana Shahar, Lei-Hum Wee, Rozmi Ismail, Rozainee Khairuddin, Ching Sin Siau and Aisyah Mohd Safien

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):544

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research

    Previous studies show that there is a changing trend of sexual and reproductive behaviour among youth and this requires more attention and awareness especially on sexually transmitted diseases (STD). This stud...

    Authors: Noraziah Mohamad Zin, Ismarulyusda Ishak and Kasturi Manoharan

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):639

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research

    Low birth weight prevalence in Malaysia remains high. Socioeconomic background may lead to differences in physical activity and maternal nutritional status, which may play an important role in birth outcomes.

    Authors: Satvinder Kaur, Choon Ming Ng, Slyvia E. Badon, Rohana Abdul Jalil, Dhivyalosini Maykanathan, Hip Seng Yim and Hamid Jan Jan Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):539

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research

    Poverty at old age is associated with poor dietary habit, nutritional status and higher rates of chronic diseases and psychosocial problems. However, there is limited information about this matter according to...

    Authors: Suzana Shahar, Divya Vanoh, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh and Tengku Aizan Hamid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):549

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research

    Poor oral health has an impact on food choices and intake of important nutrients among older population. The use of oral health-related quality of life instruments along with the clinical dental indicators can...

    Authors: Tanti Irawati Rosli, Yoke Mun Chan, Rahimah Abdul Kadir and Tengku Aizan Abdul Hamid

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):547

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research

    The main aim of this study was to determine the association between Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) and caregiver burden, and the mediating role of coping strategy and personality styl...

    Authors: Aishah Diyana Baharudin, Normah Che Din, Ponnusamy Subramaniam and Rosdinom Razali

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):447

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research

    Motoric cognitive risk (MCR) syndrome is characterized by slow gait and memory complaints that could be used to predict an increased risk of dementia. This study aims to determine the MCR syndrome and its risk...

    Authors: Huijin Lau, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Suzana Shahar, Manal Badrasawi and Brian C. Clark

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):462

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research

    Urinary incontinence (UI) is known to be more prevalent among women and is associated with decline in quality of life. The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence, risk factors of urinary incontinen...

    Authors: Resshaya R. Murukesu, Devinder K. A. Singh and Suzana Shahar

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):529

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research

    The presence of homelessness in Malaysia is not a new issue. The existence of homeless population is growing, along with the development of this country. With the increasing number of homelessness, the range o...

    Authors: Azimatun Noor Aizuddin, Siti Waffa Abdul Jabar and Idayu Badila Idris

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):548

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research

    Poor dietary habits have been identified as one of the cancer risks factors in various epidemiological studies. Consumption of healthy and balance diet is crucial to reduce cancer risk. Cancer prevention food ...

    Authors: Reham Alaini, Roslee Rajikan and Siti Masitah Elias

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2019 19(Suppl 4):546

    Published on: