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Volume 13 Supplement 3

The Lives Saved Tool in 2013: new capabilities and applications

Reviews

Edited by Neff Walker

The publication costs for this supplement were funded by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to the US Fund for UNICEF (grant 43386 to "Promote evidence-based decision making in designing maternal, neonatal, and child health interventions in low- and middle-income countries"). The Supplement Editor is the principal investigator and lead in the development of the Lives Saved Tool (LiST), supported by grant 43386. He declares that he has no competing interests.

  1. Content type: Introduction

    This paper provides an overview of the historical development and current status of the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). The paper provides a general explanation of the modeling approach used in the model with links t...

    Authors: Neff Walker, Yvonne Tam and Ingrid K Friberg

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S1

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  2. Content type: Review

    Previous studies have reported on adverse neonatal outcomes associated with parity and maternal age. Many of these studies have relied on cross-sectional data, from which drawing causal inference is complex. W...

    Authors: Naoko Kozuki, Anne CC Lee, Mariangela F Silveira, Ayesha Sania, Joshua P Vogel, Linda Adair, Fernando Barros, Laura E Caulfield, Parul Christian, Wafaie Fawzi, Jean Humphrey, Lieven Huybregts, Aroonsri Mongkolchati, Robert Ntozini, David Osrin, Dominique Roberfroid…

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S2

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  3. Content type: Review

    Short and long birth intervals have previously been linked to adverse neonatal outcomes. However, much of the existing literature uses cross-sectional studies, from which deriving causal inference is complex. ...

    Authors: Naoko Kozuki, Anne CC Lee, Mariangela F Silveira, Cesar G Victora, Linda Adair, Jean Humphrey, Robert Ntozini, Robert E Black and Joanne Katz

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S3

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  4. Content type: Review

    This study used data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) to examine the impact of short or long preceding birth intervals on neonatal and under-five mortality. In order to minimize the effect of s...

    Authors: Naoko Kozuki and Neff Walker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S6

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  5. Content type: Review

    A number of data sets show that high parity births are associated with higher child mortality than low parity births. The reasons for this relationship are not clear. In this paper we investigate whether high ...

    Authors: Emily Sonneveldt, Willyanne DeCormier Plosky and John Stover

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S7

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  6. Content type: Review

    Exposure to household air pollution (HAP) from cooking with solid fuels affects 2.8 billion people in developing countries, including children and pregnant women. The aim of this review is to propose intervent...

    Authors: Nigel G Bruce, Mukesh K Dherani, Jai K Das, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Heather Adair-Rohani, Zulfiqar A Bhutta and Dan Pope

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S8

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  7. Content type: Review

    Diarrheal diseases are the second leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries and an important cause of malnutrition. An estimated 0.75 million children below 5 years of age die ...

    Authors: Jai K Das, Rohail Kumar, Rehana A Salam, Stephen Freedman and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S9

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  8. Content type: Review

    Diarrhea is a leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years along with its long-term impact on growth and cognitive development. Despite advances in the understanding of diarrheal disorders and manageme...

    Authors: Jai K Das, Anjali Tripathi, Anum Ali, Amman Hassan, Chesarahima Dojosoeandy and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S11

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  9. Content type: Review

    About one third of deaths in children less than 5 years of age are due to underlying undernutrition. According to an estimate, 19.4% of children <5 years of age in developing countries were underweight (weight...

    Authors: Zohra S Lassi, Jai K Das, Guleshehwar Zahid, Aamer Imdad and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S13

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  10. Content type: Review

    Influenza is an under-appreciated cause of acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) in children. It is estimated to cause approximately 20 million new episodes of ALRI in children annually, 97% of these occur...

    Authors: Harish Nair, Eva Shi May Lau, W Abdullah Brooks, Ang Choon Seong, Evropi Theodoratou, Lina Zgaga, Tanvir Huda, Suresh S Jadhav, Igor Rudan and Harry Campbell

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S14

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  11. Content type: Review

    There is an increased risk of serious neonatal infection arising through exposure of the umbilical cord to invasive pathogen in home and facility births where hygienic practices are difficult to achieve. The W...

    Authors: Aamer Imdad, Luke C Mullany, Abdullah H Baqui, Shams El Arifeen, James M Tielsch, Subarna K Khatry, Rasheduzzaman Shah, Simon Cousens, Robert E Black and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S15

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  12. Content type: Review

    Oral rehydration salts (ORS), zinc, and continued feeding are the recommended treatments for community-acquired acute diarrhea among young children. However, probiotics are becoming increasingly popular treatm...

    Authors: Jennifer A Applegate, Christa L Fischer Walker, Ramya Ambikapathi and Robert E Black

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S16

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  13. Content type: Review

    Current WHO guidelines on the management and treatment of diarrhea in children strongly recommend continued feeding alongside the administration of oral rehydration solution and zinc therapy, but there remains...

    Authors: Michelle F Gaffey, Kerri Wazny, Diego G Bassani and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S17

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  14. Content type: Review

    Suboptimal breastfeeding practices among infants and young children <24 months of age are associated with elevated risk of pneumonia morbidity and mortality. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis ...

    Authors: Laura M Lamberti, Irena Zakarija-Grković, Christa L Fischer Walker, Evropi Theodoratou, Harish Nair, Harry Campbell and Robert E Black

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S18

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  15. Content type: Review

    Early breastfeeding is defined as the initiation of breastfeeding within twenty four hours of birth. While the benefits of breastfeeding have been known for decades, only recently has the role of time to initi...

    Authors: Amanda K Debes, Anjalee Kohli, Neff Walker, Karen Edmond and Luke C Mullany

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S19

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  16. Content type: Review

    Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) rates remain low in both low-income and high-income countries despite World Health Organization recommendations for EBF till 6 months. Breastfeeding has been shown to have a prote...

    Authors: Sarah Haroon, Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Aamer Imdad and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S20

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  17. Content type: Review

    Two of the most prevalent causes of severe bacterial meningitis in children, Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) and Streptococcus pneumoniae, are preventable by existing vaccines increasingly available in develo...

    Authors: Stephanie Davis, Daniel Feikin and Hope L Johnson

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S21

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  18. Content type: Review

    More than 3.5 million women and children under five die each year in poor countries due to underlying undernutrition. Many of these are associated with concomitant micronutrient deficiencies. In the last decad...

    Authors: Rehana A Salam, Ceilidh MacPhail, Jai K Das and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S22

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  19. Content type: Review

    Globally, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affect approximately 52 million children under five. This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness of interventions for SAM ...

    Authors: Lindsey M Lenters, Kerri Wazny, Patrick Webb, Tahmeed Ahmed and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S23

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  20. Content type: Review

    Lives-saved estimates calculated by LiST include the implicit assumptions that there are no inequalities among different socioeconomic groups, and also that the likelihood of a mother or child receiving a give...

    Authors: Cesar G Victora, Aluisio J D Barros, Tanya Malpica-Llanos and Neff Walker

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S24

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  21. Content type: Review

    Under-five mortality remains high in Burkina Faso with significant reductions required to meet Millennium Development Goal 4. The Acceleration for Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health is being implemented to re...

    Authors: Andrew Marsh, Melinda Munos, Banza Baya, Djeneba Sanon, Kate Gilroy and Jennifer Bryce

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S26

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  22. Content type: Review

    There is a pressing need to include cost data in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST). This paper proposes a method that combines data from both the WHO CHOosing Interventions that are Cost-Effective (CHOICE) database ...

    Authors: Adebiyi Adesina and Lori A Bollinger

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S27

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  23. Content type: Review

    Diarrhea and pneumonia are the two leading causes of mortality in children under five. Improvements have occurred over the past two decades but the progress is slow to meet the MDG-4.

    Authors: Jai K Das, Zohra S Lassi, Rehana A Salam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S29

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  24. Content type: Review

    Financial incentives are widely used strategies to alleviate poverty, foster development, and improve health. Cash transfer programs, microcredit, user fee removal policies and voucher schemes that provide dir...

    Authors: Diego G Bassani, Paul Arora, Kerri Wazny, Michelle F Gaffey, Lindsey Lenters and Zulfiqar A Bhutta

    Citation: BMC Public Health 2013 13(Suppl 3):S30

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