Skip to main content

Table 4 Association between social stressors and resources with self-reported health complaints among n = 1118 ready-made garment workers

From: Social stressors and social resources at work and their association with self-reported health complaints among ready-made garment workers in Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study

  Social conflict at work Leadership at work
  Bullied by colleagues Bullied by supervisor Bullied by either colleagues or supervisor
(vs. neither nor)
Bullied by both colleagues and supervisor
(vs. neither nor)
Supervisors do not care about workers’ problems Supervisors take decisions free of personal bias Supervisors do care about problems or take decisions free of bias
(vs. neither nor)
Supervisors do care about problems and take decisions free of bias
(vs. neither nor)
  PR (95% CI)a PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Poor SRH 1.55 (1.32–1.92) 1.48 (1.23–1.77) 1.21 (0.96–1.53) 1.72 (1.43–2.07) 1.12 (0.96–1.30) 0.76 (0.65–0.89) 0.74 (0.61–0.91) 0.66 (0.53–0.82)
Back pain 1.22 (1.06–1.40) 1.34 (1.16–1.54) 1.27 (1.07–1.49) 1.30 (1.10–1.55) 1.08 (0.96–1.21) 0.96 (0.84–1.10) 0.79 (0.67–0.93) 0.82 (0.69–0.97)
Sleeplessness 1.62 (1.33–1.97) 1.43 (1.14–1.79) 1.39 (1.08–1.79) 1.66 (1.30–2.12) 1.09 (0.92–1.31) 0.69 (0.58–0.83) 0.69 (0.54–0.87) 0.61 (0.48–0.79)
Headache 1.14 (1.03–1.25) 1.15 (1.03–1.27) 1.07 (0.94–1.21) 1.19 (1.06–1.33) 0.97 (0.89–1.05) 0.95 (0.87–1.04) 0.96 (0.84–1.09) 0.98 (0.85–1.12)
Cold 1.21 (1.06–1.38) 1.18 (1.02–1.36) 1.13 (0.96–1.33) 1.25 (1.06–1.46) 0.87 (0.78–0.97) 0.84 (0.75–0.94) 0.87 (0.74–1.03) 0.93 (0.79–1.09)
Jaundice 1.04 (0.87–1.24) 0.97 (0.79–1.19) 0.95 (0.76–1.19) 1.04 (0.82–1.30) 0.90 (0.78–1.03) 0.82 (0.71–0.94) 0.88 (0.71–1.08) 0.90 (0.72–1.11)
Stomach problems 1.47 (1.19–1.83) 1.49 (1.19–1.88) 1.01 (0.73–1.40) 1.75 (1.38–2.22) 0.83 (0.69–1.00) 1.10 (0.88–1.38) 1.29 (0.89–1.88) 1.45 (0.99–2.10)
Muscle cramp 1.65 (1.43–1.90) 1.70 (1.47–1.96) 1.52 (1.26–1.82) 1.83 (1.56–2.15) 0.86 (0.75–0.99) 0.80 (0.69–0.93) 0.76 (0.62–0.93) 0.85 (0.70–1.04)
Eye problems 1.48 (1.15–1.90) 1.38 (1.04–1.85) 1.12 (0.79–1.60) 1.63 (1.20–2.21) 1.15 (0.93–1.43) 0.93 (0.73–1.19) 1.07 (0.75–1.51) 0.86 (0.60–1.24)
  Social support at work Hierarchical interactions at work
  Support from colleagues Support from supervisor Support from either colleagues or supervisor
(vs. neither nor)
Support from both colleagues and supervisor
(vs. neither nor)
Trust in information from management Management trusts the employees (perceived) Vertical trust in one direction
(vs. neither nor)
Vertical trust in both directions
(vs. neither nor)
  PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Poor SRH 0.76 (0.65–0.90) 0.61 (0.52–0.71) 0.74 (0.59–0.94) 0.60 (0.50–0.72) 0.74 (0.62–0.87) 0.78 (0.58–1.05) 1.14 (0.75–1.74) 0.80 (0.54–1.20)
Back pain 0.86 (0.76–0.98) 0.84 (0.73–0.97) 0.95 (0.78–1.17) 0.82 (0.69–0.98) 0.88 (0.76–1.01) 0.80 (0.64–0.99) 0.93 (0.69–1.25) 0.80 (0.61–1.06)
Sleeplessness 0.75 (0.61–0.91) 0.69 (0.56–0.85) 0.94 (0.70–1.26) 0.68 (0.53–0.87) 0.80 (0.65–0.99) 1.00 (0.68–1.47) 1.03 (0.64–1.66) 0.85 (0.55–1.33)
Headache 0.87 (0.80–0.95) 0.88 (0.80–0.97) 1.00 (0.87–1.15) 0.86 (0.76–0.98) 0.95 (0.86–1.05) 0.93 (0.79–1.10) 0.89 (0.73–1.10) 0.87 (0.73–1.05)
Cold 0.85 (0.76–0.96) 0.95 (0.82–1.10) 1.23 (1.00–1.50) 0.96 (0.80–1.16) 0.98 (0.85–1.13) 0.82 (0.68–0.99) 1.01 (0.75–1.36) 0.93 (0.71–1.23)
Jaundice 0.84 (0.72–0.98) 0.80 (0.68–0.94) 0.94 (0.75–1.19) 0.79 (0.65–0.95) 0.95 (0.80–1.13) 0.81 (0.64–1.04) 0.96 (0.67–1.37) 0.88 (0.63–1.22)
Stomach problems 0.82 (0.66–1.01) 0.99 (0.76–1.29) 1.35 (0.94–1.94) 0.99 (0.71–1.37) 0.90 (0.71–1.14) 0.77 (0.54–1.09) 0.90 (0.55–1.46) 0.79 (0.51–1.24)
Muscle cramp 0.86 (0.74–1.01) 0.74 (0.63–0.87) 1.10 (0.86–1.39) 0.81 (0.66–1.01) 0.98 (0.81–1.17) 0.96 (0.71–1.30) 0.97 (0.65–1.46) 0.95 (0.65–1.38)
Eye problems 0.86 (0.67–1.09) 0.79 (0.61–1.02) 0.66 (0.45–0.98) 0.71 (0.54–0.94) 0.75 (0.58–0.97) 0.96 (0.58–1.59) 1.72 (0.81–3.65) 1.17 (0.57–2.43)
  1. SRH Self-reported health
  2. aPoisson regression results in form of prevalence ratios (PR) with respective 95% confidence intervals (CI). Adjusted for age, sex, marital status, education and tobacco use. Significant findings highlighted in bold