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Table 5 Parents’ attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination of children according to children vaccination status (n = 3744)

From: Children’s rates of COVID-19 vaccination as reported by parents, vaccine hesitancy, and determinants of COVID-19 vaccine uptake among children: a multi-country study from the Eastern Mediterranean Region

Variable Children vaccination status Total (n) P value٭
No (%) Yes (%)
COVID-19 vaccine protects children from the infection   <  0.001
 No 1092 (81.0) 256 (19.0) 1348  
 Yes 646 (51.7) 633 (48.3) 1249  
 Neutral 812 (70.8) 335 (29.2) 1147  
COVID-19 vaccines are safe to be used on children   <  0.001
 No 1115 (80.4) 271 (19.6) 1386  
 Yes 468 (50.2) 465 (49.8) 933  
 Neutral 967 (67.9) 458 (32.1) 1425  
I encourage vaccination of children against COVID-19   <  0.001
 No 1225 (80.9) 290 (19.1) 1515  
 Yes 647 (52.0) 598 (48.0) 1245  
 Neutral 678 (68.9) 306 (31.1) 948  
A child can be infected with COVID-19 even after vaccination   <  0.001
 No 122 (68.5) 56 (31.5) 178  
 Yes 1957 (69.6) 856 (30.4) 2813  
 Neutral 471 (62.5) 282 (37.5) 753  
A child who had COVID-19 infection do not need the vaccine <  0.001
 No 646 (58.4) 460 (41.6) 1106  
 Yes 1017 (74.9) 341 (25.1) 1358  
 Neutral 887 (69.3) 393 (30.7) 1280  
Natural immunity of the infection is better than vaccination <  0.001
 No 450 (56.2) 351 (43.8) 801  
 Yes 1539 (76.0) 487 (24.0) 2026  
 Neutral 561 (61.2) 356 (38.8) 917  
A healthy child does not require COVID-19 vaccine <  0.001
 No 672 (57.5) 496 (42.5) 1168  
 Yes 1250 (76.0) 395 (24.0) 1645  
 Neutral 628 (67.5) 303 (32.5) 931  
COVID-19 is not serious and does not require a vaccine <  0.001
 No 1115 (60.6) 725 (39.4) 1840  
 Yes 606 (77.5) 176 (22.5) 782  
 Neutral 829 (73.9) 293 (26.1) 1122  
Face masks, social distancing, and sterilization are enough to prevent spread of COVID-19 <  0.001
 No 644 (61.9) 397 (38.1) 1041  
 Yes 1384 (72.1) 535 (27.9) 1919  
 Neutral 522 (66.6) 262 (33.4) 784  
I’m against all children vaccines, not only the COVID-19 vaccine <  0.001
 No 1582 (65.0) 852 (35.0) 2434  
 Yes 466 (77.8) 133 (22.2) 599  
 Neutral 502 (70.6) 209 (29.4) 711  
COVID-19 vaccine should only be given to elderly and children with diseases <  0.001
 No 943 (59.9) 631 (40.1) 1574  
 Yes 841 (74.2) 293 (25.8) 1134  
 Neutral 766 (73.9) 270 (26.1) 1036  
The benefit of COVID-19 vaccine outweighs its side effects <  0.001
 No 757 (81.0) 178 (19.0) 935  
 Yes 805 (58.2) 577 (41.8) 1382  
 Neutral 988 (69.2) 439 (30.8) 1427  
I’m against children vaccine as long-term side effects of the vaccine aren’t known <  0.001
 No 411 (52.6) 370 (47.4) 781  
 Yes 1407 (78.0) 397 (22.0) 1804  
 Neutral 732 (63.2) 427 (36.8) 1159  
Children should be vaccinated against COVID-19 only when advised by a physician <  0.001
 No 851 (81.4) 195 (18.6) 1046  
 Yes 969 (58.2) 696 (41.8) 1665  
 Neutral 730 (70.7) 303 (29.3) 1033  
The government have the right to impose COVID-19 vaccine on all citizens <  0.001
 No 1471 (78.3) 408 (21.7) 1879  
 Yes 570 (55.4) 458 (44.6) 1028  
 Neutral 509 (60.8) 328 (39.2) 837  
COVID-19 vaccine will end the pandemic <  0.001
 No 1193 (78.7) 322 (21.3) 1515  
 Yes 481 (54.4) 404 (45.6) 885  
 Neutral 876 (65.2) 468 (34.8) 1344  
Children should not be vaccinated against COVID-19 because vaccination is painful <  0.001
 No 1276 (62.2) 777 (37.8) 2053  
 Yes 536 (77.8) 153 (22.2) 689  
 Neutral 738 (73.7) 264 (26.3) 1002  
Children should not be vaccinated against COVID-19 due to lack of scientific research about effects of the vaccine on children <  0.001
 No 363 (52.2) 332 (47.8) 695  
 Yes 1568 (77.8) 448 (22.2) 2016  
 Neutral 619 (59.9) 414 (40.1) 1033  
COVID-19 vaccine is not effective because of the frequent mutations of the virus <  0.001
 No 525 (57.5) 388 (42.5) 913  
 Yes 1131 (78.5) 309 (21.5) 1440  
 Neutral 894 (64.3) 497 (35.7) 1391  
COVID-19 vaccine changes human genes <  0.001
 No 891 (63.0) 523 (37.0) 1414  
 Yes 472 (77.8) 135 (22.2) 607  
 Neutral 1187 (68.9) 536 (31.1) 1723  
  1. ٭Chi square test