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Table 6 Proportions for select steps in HIV targeted testing cascade among persons who experience homelessness, by test type

From: Viral blood-borne infections testing and linkage to care cascade among persons who experience homelessness in the United States: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Rapid Ab
Cascade steps Study Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached Bucher 2007 [27] 75.2% 73%,77.2%
 Valid results of recruited Bucher 2007 [27] 99.3% 98.6%,99.6%
 Positive of valid results Hooshyar 2014 [32]; Bucher 2007 [27]; Bowles 2008 [26] 3.4% 0%,16.6%
 Given results of positive No studies - -
 Referred to treatment of given results No studies - -
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment No studies - -
Non-rapid Ab
Cascade steps Study Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached Grimley 2006 [21]; Magura 2000 [34] 69% 65.7%,72.3%
 Valid results of recruited Grimley 2006 [21]; Klinkenberg 2003 [5]; Magura 2000 [34]; Page 2017 [35]; Stewart 2020 [41] 86.4% 79.3%,92.3%
 Positive of valid results Grimley 2006 [21]; Gelberg 2012 [14]; Caton 2015 [29]; Bell 2003 [24]; Klinkenberg 2003 [5]; Magura 2000 [34]; Tsu 2002 [42]; Page 2017 [35]; Stewart 2020 [41]; Gelberg 2019 [14] 7.3% 1.9%,15.8%
 Given results of positive Grimley 2006 [21]; Tsu 2002 [42] 18% 0%,77.2%
 Referred to treatment of given results Grimley 2006 [21] 50% 9.5%,90.5%
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment Grimley 2006 [21] 100% 20.7%,100%
Unknown
Cascade steps Study Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached Anaya 2010 [22] 71.3% 63.2%,78.3%
 Valid results of recruited Anaya 2010 [22]; Rosenblum 2001 [38] 93.6% 90%,96.4%
 Positive of valid results Anaya 2015 [23]; Anaya 2010 [22]; Rosenblum 2001 [38] 4.2% 0%,16.2%
 Given results of positive Anaya 2015 [23] 85.7% 48.7%,97.4%
 Referred to treatment of given results Anaya 2015 [23] 71.4% 35.9%,91.8%
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment No studies - -