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Table 5 Proportions for select steps in HCV targeted testing cascade among persons who experience homelessness, by test type

From: Viral blood-borne infections testing and linkage to care cascade among persons who experience homelessness in the United States: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Rapid Ab
Cascade steps Study Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached Preston 2016 [36] 25% 22%,28.2%
 Valid results of recruited Preston 2016 [36] 100% 98%,100%
 Positive of valid results Preston 2016 [36]; Khalili 2019 [33] 21.3% 18.7%,23.9%
 Given results of positive No studies - -
 Referred to treatment of given results Preston 2016 [36]; Khalili 2019 [33] 72.4% 66%,78.5%
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment Khalili 2019 [33] 61.7% 52.2%,70.3%
Non-rapid Ab
Cascade steps Study Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached Gelberg 2012 [30]; Hall 2004 [31] 72.7% 71%,75.2%
 Valid results of recruited Gelberg 2012 [30]; Hall 2004 [31]; Klinkenberg 2003 [5]; Schwarz 2008 [39]; Rosenblum 2001 [38]; Boyce 2009 [27] 93.4% 76.6%,100%
 Positive of valid results Gelberg 2012 [30]; Klinkenberg 2003 [5]; Hall 2004 [31]; Schwarz 2008 [39]; Rosenblum 2001 [38]; Boyce 2009 [27]; Sena 2016 [40]; Page 2017 [35]; Benitez 2019[]; Gelberg 2019 [14] 26.9% 14.1%,42%
 Given results of positive Schwarz 2008 [39]; Benitez 2019[] 84.5% 81%,87.7%
 Referred to treatment of given results Benitez 2019[] 84.7% 81%,87.7%
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment Benitez 2019[] 15.7% 12.4%,19.8%