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Table 3 Proportions (%) for select steps in HIV targeted testing cascade among persons who experience homelessness, by recruitment venue/type

From: Viral blood-borne infections testing and linkage to care cascade among persons who experience homelessness in the United States: a systematic review and meta-analysis

HIV cascade: Healthcare facility-based
Cascade steps Study N Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached No studies - - -
 Valid results of recruited Rosenblum 2001 [38] 139 100% 97.3%,100%
 Positive of valid results Rosenblum 2001 [38] 21 15.1% 10.1%, 22%
 Given results of positive No studies - -  
 Referred to treatment of given results No studies - - -
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment No studies - - -
HIV cascade: Other service-based
Cascade steps Study N Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached Anaya 2010 [22]; Bucher 2007 [28]; Grimley 2006 [21]; Magura 2000 [34] 1825 71.6% 67.5%, 75.4%
 Valid results of recruited Anaya 2010 [22]; Bucher 2007 [28]; Grimley 2006 [21]; Magura 2000 [34]; Page 2017 [35]; Stewart 2020 [41] 2024 89.7% 74.9%, 96.6%
 Positive of valid results Anaya 2010 [22]; Anaya 2015 [23]; Bowles 2008 [26]; Bucher 2007 [28]; Caton 2015 [29]; Gelberg 2012 [30]; Gelberg 2019 [14]; Grimley 2006 [21]; Magura 2000 [34]; Page 2017 [35]; Stewart 2020 [41] 403 6.8% 2.1%, 13.9%
 Given results of positive Anaya 2015 [23]; Grimley 2006 [21] 7 81.2% 43.3%, 100%
 Referred to treatment of given results Anaya 2015 [23]; Grimley 2006 [21] 6 92.5% 46.9%, 100%
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment Grimley 2006 [21] 1 100% 20.7%, 100%
HIV cascade: Outreach
Cascade steps Study N Proportion 95% CI
 Recruited of reached No studies - - -
 Valid results of recruited No studies - - -
 Positive of valid results Bell 2003 [24]; Hooshyar 2014 [32]; Tsu 2002 [42] 5 0.8% 0%, 3.8%
 Given results of positive Tsu [42]2002 0 - -
 Referred to treatment of given results No studies - - -
 Attended first treatment appointment of referred to treatment No studies - - -