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Table 2 The proportion of different religious attitudes toward COVID-19 among the study sample in Palestine (n = 1353)

From: An investigation into religious awareness as a crucial factor in adherence to COVID-19 medical directives in Palestine

Question Strongly agree n (%) Agree n (%) I do not know n (%) Disagree n (%) Strongly disagree n (%) Gender (p-value) Age groups (p-value) Level of education (p-value) Place of residence (p-value)
Religious beliefs
 1. Religious awareness has contributed to the knowledge that not complying with Covid-19 health-related instructions is suicidal 193 (14.3%) 606 (44.8%) 266 (19.7) 237 (17.5%) 51 (3.8%) 0.000 0.000 0.153 0.009
 2. Religious awareness has clarified that not complying with COVID-19 health-related instructions represents disobedience to God 214 (15.8%) 631 (46.6%) 237 (17.5%) 211 (15.6%) 60 (4.4%) 0.000 0.000 0.004 0.000
 3. Religious awareness has clarified that ignoring COVID-19 health-related instructions brings harm to others around us 561 (41.5%) 621 (45.9%) 71 (5.2%) 71 (5.2%) 30 (2.2%) 0.246 0.000 0.008 0.000
Application of the health instructions on the religious activities
 4. Religious awareness has contributed to encouraging the public to observe social distancing during the performance of prayers and worship, thereby reducing the incidence of corona cases 248 (18.3%) 753 (55.7%) 145 (10.7%) 154 (11.4%) 53 (3.9%) 0.046 0.000 0.445 0.000
 5. Religious awareness has contributed to encouraging the public to accept the idea of suspending religious congregations in mosques and churches 146 (10.8%) 625 (46.2%) 195 (14.4%) 290 (21.4%) 97 (7.2%) 0.103 0.001 0.211 0.000
 6. The suspension of religious rituals such as Haj, Omra, or Christmas celebrations has contributed to reducing covid -19 infections 160 (11.8%) 518 (38.3%) 198 (14.6%) 311 (23.0%) 166 (12.3%) 0.240 0.021 0.214 0.033
The role of religious figures
 7. Appeals and statements by religious figures have contributed to people’s adherence to covid-19 health-related instructions for the prevention of corona 163 (12.0%) 699 (51.7%) 243 (18.0%) 205 (15.2%) 43 (3.2%) 0.041 0.000 0.269 0.000
 8. The guidance of Religious scholars has made the public adhere more to covid-19 preventive measures 148 (10.9%) 670 (49.5%) 300 (22.2%) 193 (14.3%) 42 (3.1%) 0.000 0.000 0.656 0.000
 9. The numerous Fatwas and appeals of religious scholars have contributed to the rebuttal of the conspiracy theory that accompanied the Corona outbreak 102 (7.5%) 501 (37.0%) 414 (30.6%) 256 (18.9%) 80 (5.9%) 0.000 0.000 0.018 0.000
 10. The public appearance of religious figures adhering to prevention measures has encouraged people to emulate and adhere to health instructions 142 (10.5%) 591 (43.7%) 330 (24.4%) 240 (17.7%) 50 (3.7%) 0.006 0.000 0.009 0.000
 11. Under the guides of religious scholars, the public has been encouraged to accept the idea of suspending religious rituals such as Hajj, Omra, or Christmas celebrations to prevent infection 163 (12.0%) 605 (44.7%) 189 (14.0%) 296 (21.9%) 100 (7.4%) 0.172 0.000 0.060 0.036
Religious awareness through social media, government officials’ employment of religion, and during religious activities
 12. Friday sermons and church preachings have contributed to encouraging people to adhere to covid-19 health-related instructions, and so helped reduce the incidence of injuries and deaths 181 (13.4%) 627 (46.3%) 335 (24.8%) 171 (12.6%) 39 (2.9%) 0.000 0.006 0.074 0.000
 13. Religion-related posts on social media have contributed to greater adherence to covid-19 health-related instructions to prevent the disease 164 (12.1%) 709 (52.4%) 243 (18.0%) 199 (14.7%) 38 (2.8%) 0.125 0.000 0.505 0.000
 14. Religion-related TV shows on space channels and local radio have contributed to raising public awareness of COVID-19 health-related instructions and so reduced the incidence of the corona 145 (10.7%) 672 (49.7%) 288 (21.3%) 204 (15.1%) 44 (3.3%) 0.010 0.000 0.446 0.000
 15. The use of religious terms and phrases by the government officials has contributed positively to influencing people to adhere to health instructions to counter the Corona pandemic 156 (11.5%) 673 (49.7%) 267 (19.7%) 202 (14.9%) 55 (4.1%) 0.002 0.084 0.999 0.000
 16. Religious awareness has contributed to clarifying the truth and refuting misinformation about COVID-19 92 (6.8%) 610 (45.1%) 360 (26.6%) 229 (16.9%) 62 (4.6%) 0.018 0.000 0.004 0.000
 17. Religious awareness has contributed to raise the public's awareness of the gravity of COVID-19 related situation 210 (15.5%) 639 (47.2%) 162 (12.0%) 249 (18.4%) 93 (6.9%) 0.953 0.001 0.147 0.010
 18. Religious awareness has contributed to encouraging the public to take COVID-19 vaccines as a form of prevention 119 (8.8%) 607 (44.9%) 332 (24.5%) 242 (17.9%) 53 (3.9%) 0.017 0.000 0.207 0.000
 19. Religious rhetoric has had a major impact in motivating health workers to make a greater effort to confront the Corona pandemic 166 (12.3%) 592 (43.8%) 358 (26.5%) 178 (13.2%) 59 (4.4%) 0.361 0.000 0.263 0.000
 20. Religious awareness has contributed to people’s acceptance of the idea of observing social distancing in weddings, during condolence visits, and other social events 138 (10.2%) 678 (50.1%) 187 (13.8%) 283 (20.9%) 67 (5.0%) 0.370 0.000 0.123 0.000