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Table 4 Associations between hearing loss at baseline and sick leave during follow-up among employed persons, The HUNT Study, Norway

From: Hearing loss, sick leave, and disability pension: findings from the HUNT follow-up study

  Any hearing loss Mild hearing loss Disabling hearing loss Any hearing loss + tinnitus
  (N = 523) (N = 433) (N = 90) (N = 182)
  Hazard ratio (95% CI) Hazard ratio (95% CI) Hazard ratio (95% CI) Hazard ratio (95% CI)
Total sample (N = 21 754) 1.2 (1.1–1.3) * 1.2 (1.1–1-3) * 1.1 (0.8–1.4) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) *
Stratified analysis     
 Men 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.1 (1.0–1.3) 1.0 (0.7–1.4) 1.2 (1.0–1.5) *
 Women 1.2 (1.1–1.4) * 1.3 (1.1–1.5) * 1.2 (0.8–1.6) 1.5 (1.1–2.0) *
 Younger adults (< 35 yr at baseline) 1.3 (1.0–1.6) * 1.3 (1.0–1.7) * 1.2 (0.8–2.0) 1.5 (1.0–2.2) *
 Older adults (> 35 year at baseline) 1.1 (1.0–1.3) * 1.2 (1.0–1.3) * 1.0 (0.8–1.3) 1.3 (1.1–1.5) *
 High education 1.2 (1.0–1.3) * 1.2 (1.1–1.4) * 1.0 (0.7–1.3) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) *
 Low education 1.2 (1.0–1.4) * 1.1 (1.0–1.4) 1.5 (1.0–2.4) 1.3 (1.0–1.8) *
 White-collar 1.1 (0.9—1.4) 1.2 (0.9—1.5) 1.0 (0.6—1.7) 1.2 (0.9–1.8)
 Blue-collar 1.1 (1.0—1.3) 1.1 (1.0—1.3) * 1.0 (0.7–1.4) 1.3 (1.1–1.6) *
  1. All analyses are adjusted for age, sex, and education
  2. In the sex stratified analyses, the estimates are adjusted for age and education
  3. In the age stratified analyses, the estimates are adjusted for sex and education
  4. In the education stratified analyses, the estimates are adjusted for sex and age
  5. CI   confidence interval
  6. * = p ≤ 0.05