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Table 8 Logistic regression models of health status outcomes by SDH in the Chilean born population

From: A comparative analysis of health status of international migrants and local population in Chile: a population-based, cross-sectional analysis from a social determinants of health perspective

  Self-perceived bad health Chronic morbidity Disability Activity limitations
OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value
Demographic
 Age 1.03**** [1.03 - 1.04] < 0.000 1.06**** [1.05 - 1.06] < 0.000 1.04**** [1.04–1.04] < 0.000 1.06**** [1.05–1.06] < 0.000
 Sex (ref = male) 1.18**** [1.13–1.24] < 0.000 1.54**** [1.48 - 1.59] < 0.000 1.05** [1.02–1.10] 0.002 1.18**** [1.12–1.24] < 0.000
 Ethnicity: (ref = no ethnicity) 1.16** [1.05 - 1.28] 0.003 0.99 [0.93 - 1.05] 0.696 1.22**** [1.13–1.31] < 0.000 1.17*** [1.07–1.28] 0.001
Marital status (ref = single)
 Married/Cohabitant 0.84**** [0.78 - 0.89] < 0.000 0.94** [0.91 - 0.98] 0.007 0.55**** [0.52–0.58] < 0.000 0.42**** [0.39–0.45] < 0.000
 Separated/divorced/annuled 0.93 [0.84 - 1.03] 0.161 0.98 [0.93 - 1.04] 0.526 0.64**** [0.60–0.69] < 0.000 0.54**** [0.48–0.60] < 0.000
 Widow 0.85*** [0.77–0.94] 0.001 1.06 [0.99 - 1.13] 0.107 0.90** [0.84–0.98] 0.009 0.89** [0.81–0.98] 0.014
 Zone (ref = urban) 1.08** [1.00–1.17] 0.004 1.04 [0.98–1.09] 0.172 1.00 [0.93–1.08] 0.971 1.04 [0.96–1.12] 0.384
 GOF test    < 0.000    < 0.000    < 0.000    < 0.000
Socioeconomic
 Educational level (ref = none)
  University 0.34**** [0.29–0.39] < 0.000 0.55**** [0.49 - 0.62] < 0.000 0.24**** [0.21–0.27] < 0.000 0.22**** [0.18–0.27] < 0.000
  Technical 0.38**** [0.33–0.45] < 0.000 0.60**** [0.53 - 0.69] < 0.000 0.27**** [0.23–0.31] < 0.000 0.22 [0.18–0.27] 0.057
  High School 0.46**** [0.41–0.52] < 0.000 0.60**** [0.54–0.68] < 0.000 0.29**** [0.26–0.32] < 0.000 0.29 [0.26–0.34] 0.235
  Primary 0.61**** [0.54–0.69] < 0.000 0.74**** [0.66–0.83] < 0.000 0.39**** [0.36–0.44] < 0.000 0.38 [0.33–0.43] 0.604
 Income quintile (ref = I lower income level)
  II 0.89** [0.82–0.97] 0.005 1.00 [0.95 - 1.05] 0.913 1.00 [0.91–1.03] 0.310 0.93 [0.86–1.01] 0.083
  III 0.84**** [0.78–0.92] < 0.000 0.99 [0.94 - 1.05] 0.742 0.94 [0.88–1.00] 0.074 0.85**** [0.77–0.93] < 0.000
  IV 0.73**** [0.66–0.81] < 0.000 0.97 [0.91–1.03] 0.270 0.83**** [0.78–0.89] < 0.000 0.79**** [0.71–0.88] < 0.000
  V 0.52**** [0.46–0.59] < 0.000 0.97 [0.90–1.05] 0.498 0.76**** [0.69–0.85] < 0.000 0.73**** [0.63–0.84] < 0.000
 Occupation (ref = does not study)
  Unemployed 2.23**** [1.72–2.89] < 0.000 0.80**** [0.67 - 0.97] < 0.000 3.04**** [2.49–3.70] < 0.000 0.04**** [0.02–0.07] < 0.000
  Studying 1.13 [0.87–1.46] 0.350 0.87 [0.72–1.05] 0.151 2.15**** [1.74–2.67] < 0.000 0.19**** [0.01–0.04] < 0.000
  Employed 1.21 [0.93–1.57] 0.152 0.51**** [0.43–0.62] < 0.000 1.44**** [1.18–1.74] < 0.000 0.01**** [0.01–0.02] < 0.000
  Studying and work 1.61* [1.10–2.37] 0.015 0.63**** [0.50 - 0.79] < 0.000 2.11**** [1.56–2.85] < 0.000 0.01**** [0.00–0.02] < 0.000
  GOF test    0.011    < 0.000    < 0.000    < 0.000
Access to healthcare (ref = none)
 Public health system affiliation 1.01 [0.82–1.24] 0.944 1.83**** [1.60–2.10] < 0.000 1.24** [1.05–1.47] 0.010 1.33 [0.99–1.79] 0.058
 Private health system affiliation 0.85 [0.66–1.09] 0.195 1.91**** [1.62–2.24] < 0.000 1.03 [0.85–1.24] 0.757 0.95 [0.68–1.31] 0.740
 Other 0.91 [0.70–1.19] 0.470 1.65**** [1.40 - 1.95] < 0.000 1.02 [0.83–1.25] 0.876 1.21 [0.85–1.74] 0.292
 Doesn’t know 0.89 [0.67–1.19] 0.437 1.21 [1.00 - 1.47] 0.045 1.13 [0.90–1.42] 0.302 1.15 [0.80–1.68] 0.450
 GOF test    0.002    < 0.000    < 0.000    < 0.000
Psychosocial
 Social support (ref = no) 0.62**** [0.50–0.76] < 0.000 1.16 [0.98 - 1.37] 0.079 0.87 [0.72–1.05] 0.137 1.06 [0.83–1.35] 0.648
 Social capital (ref = no) 0.80**** [0.74–0.87] < 0.000 1.21**** [1.15–1.27] < 0.000 0.97 [0.90–1.03] 0.319 0.83**** [0.76–0.90] < 0.000
 GOF test    0.384    < 0.000    0.001    < 0.000
  1. CI confidence Interval; *p value < 0.05; **p value < 0.01; ***p value < 0.001; ****p value < 0.0001