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Table 6 Logistic regression models of activity limitations by SDH in immigrant and Chilean born populations

From: A comparative analysis of health status of international migrants and local population in Chile: a population-based, cross-sectional analysis from a social determinants of health perspective

  Activity limitations
Immigrant Chilean born
OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value
Demographic
 Age 1.04*** [1.02–1.07] 0.001 1.06**** [1.05–1.06] < 0.000
 Sex (ref = male) 2.13 [0.77 - 5.90] 0.146 1.18**** [1.12–1.24] < 0.000
 Ethnicity: (ref = no ethnicity) 2.25* [1.13–4.50] 0.021 1.17*** [1.07–1.28] 0.001
Marital status (ref = single)
 Married/Cohabitant 0.24** [0.09–0.62] 0.003 0.42**** [0.39–0.45] < 0.000
 Separated/divorced/annuled 0.15** [0.04 - 0.55] 0.004 0.54**** [0.48–0.60] < 0.000
 Widow 1.67 [0.46 - 6.01] 0.434 0.89* [0.81–0.98] 0.014
 Zone (ref = urban) 0.69 [0.37–1.28] 0.239 1.04 [0.96–1.12] 0.384
 GOF test    < 0.000    < 0.000
Socioeconomic
 Educational level (ref = none)
  University 0.36 [0.10 - 1.27] 0.112 0.22**** [0.18–0.27] < 0.000
  Technical 0.20* [0.43 - 0.90] 0.037 0.22 [0.18–0.27] 0.057
  High School 1.03 [0.31 - 3.43] 0.958 0.29 [0.26–0.34] 0.235
  Primary 0.67 [0.20 - 2.30] 0.527 0.38 [0.33–0.43] 0.604
 Income quintile (ref = I lower income level)
  II 0.71 [0.31 - 1.65] 0.434 0.93 [0.86–1.01] 0.083
  III 4.23 [0.89 - 19.98] 0.069 0.85**** [0.77–0.93] < 0.000
  IV 0.98 [0.31–3.08] 0.975 0.79**** [0.71–0.88] < 0.000
  V 1.12 [0.38 - 3.33] 0.840 0.73**** [0.63–0.84] < 0.000
 Occupation (ref = none)
  Studying or/and employed 1.66 [0.38 - 7.29] 0.503 0.01**** [0.00–0.02] < 0.000
  GOF test    0.220    < 0.000
Access to healthcare (ref = none)
 Public health system affiliation 1.32 [0.34–5.18] 0.690 1.33 [0.99–1.79] 0.058
 Private health system affiliation 1.21 [0.32 - 4.67] 0.777 0.95 [0.68–1.31] 0.740
 Other 0.55 [0.08 - 3.55] 0.527 1.21 [0.85–1.74] 0.292
 Doesn’t know 1.45 [0.38 - 5.54] 0.584 1.15 [0.80–1.68] 0.450
 GOF test    0.445    < 0.000
Psychosocial
 Social support (ref = no) 0.13**** [0.05–0.35] < 0.000 1.06 [0.83–1.35] 0.648
 Social capital (ref = no) 0.72 [0.29–1.81] 0.484 0.83**** [0.76–0.90] < 0.000
 GOF test    0.747    < 0.000
  1. CI confidence Interval; *p value < 0.05; **p value < 0.01; ***p value < 0.001; ****p value < 0.0001