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Table 5 Logistic regression models of health outcomes by SDH in immigrant population

From: A comparative analysis of health status of international migrants and local population in Chile: a population-based, cross-sectional analysis from a social determinants of health perspective

  Self-perceived bad health Chronic morbidity Disability
OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value OR 95% CI P value
Demographic
 Age 1.02**** [1.01–1.03] < 0.000 1.06**** [1.05–1.07] < 0.000 1.03**** [1.02–1.04] < 0.000
 Sex (ref = male) 1.33 [0.67–2.66] 0.410 1.01 [0.61–1.65] 0.983 1.65* [1.05–2.60] 0.029
 Ethnicity: (ref = no ethnicity) 1.62 [0.89–2.95] 0.114 0.85 [0.52–1.41] 0.532 1.29 [0.82–2.04] 0.267
Marital status (ref = single)
 Married/Cohabitant 0.54 [0.23–1.29] 0.167 0.65 [0.41–1.05] 0.076 0.50** [0.29–0.87] 0.014
 Separated/divorced/annuled 1.07 [0.32–3.57] 0.917 1.01 [0.57–1.80] 0.965 0.49 [0.22–1.10] 0.081
 Widow 1.66 [0.42–6.57] 0.473 0.67 [0.37–1.19] 0.169 1.50 [0.60–3.77] 0.387
 Zone (ref = urban) 0.48** [0.27–0.83] 0.009 1.13 [0.67–1.93] 0.628 0.96 [0.66–1.40] 0.848
GOF test    < 0.000    0.033    0.129
Socioeconomic
 Educational level (ref = none)
  University 0.72 [0.22–2.39] 0.596 1.56 [0.58–4.18] 0.380 0.33* [0.14–0.82] 0.017
  Technical 0.39 [0.12–1.31] 0.128 1.04 [0.41–2.63] 0.933 0.29** [0.12 - 0.75] 0.011
  High School 0.92 [0.29–2.97] 0.891 1.14 [0.46–2.79] 0.777 0.42* [0.19–0.97] 0.042
  Primary 1.12 [0.38–3.30] 0.836 1.37 [0.57–3.29] 0.484 0.48 [0.22 - 1.03] 0.061
 Income quintile (ref = I lower income level)
  II 1.43 [0.75–2.73] 0.273 1.09 [0.66–1.78] 0.742 1.49 [0.76 - 2.92] 0.245
  III 1.43 [0.36–5.67] 0.609 0.92 [0.56–1.52] 0.758 2.44 [0.85 - 7.00] 0.097
  IV 0.54 [0.27–1.10] 0.090 0.82 [0.50–1.36] 0.446 0.99 [0.47–2.05] 0.969
  V 0.86 [0.35–2.14] 0.753 1.16 [0.68–1.97] 0.588 0.81 [0.36 - 1.80] 0.602
 Occupation (ref = does not study)
  Unemployed 7.44* [1.05–52.61] 0.044 0.54 [0.13–2.24] 0.400 2.61 [0.52 - 13.17] 0.242
  Studying 4.01 [0.52–31.04] 0.183 1.28 [0.32–5.15] 0.614 1.66 [0.38 - 7.29] 0.503
  Employed 2.98 [0.51–17.22] 0.223 0.35 [0.10–1.30] 0.118 1.03 [0.26 - 4.08] 0.966
  Studying and work 0.73 [0.07–7.47] 0.793 5.30 [0.57–49.68] 0.144 0.91 [0.15 - 5.44] 0.919
  GOF test    0.084    0.536    0.220
Access to healthcare (ref = none)
 Public health system affiliation 2.02 [0.93–4.42] 0.076 2.94**** [1.82–4.73] < 0.000 1.41 [0.68–2.96] 0.357
 Private health system affiliation 3.40** [1.30–8.86] 0.012 4.99**** [2.70–9.25] < 0.000 0.77 [0.34 - 1.72] 0.521
 Other 1.11 [0.39–3.10] 0.849 2.99** [1.29–6.91] 0.011 0.74 [0.26 - 2.17] 0.593
 Doesn’t know 1.28 [0.50–3.26] 0.602 0.98 [0.38–2.57] 0.973 0.73 [0.26 - 2.11] 0.567
 GOF test    0.574    0.000    0.445
Psychosocial
 Social support (ref = no) 0.23*** [0.10–0.55] 0.001 3.29** [1.29–8.40] 0.013 0.23** [0.09 - 0.60] 0.003
 Social capital (ref = no) 0.88 [0.51–1.53] 0.651 1.84* [1.23–2.75] 0.030 1.09 [0.59–2.01] 0.774
 GOF test    0.014    < 0.000    0.747
  1. CI confidence interval; *p value < 0.05; **p value < 0.01; ***p value < 0.001; ****p value < 0.0001