Skip to main content

Table 3 Unadjusted global and stratified prevalence of activity limitations by SDH in immigrant (n = 746.600) and Chilean born population (n = 15.538.162), aged 6 years or more

From: A comparative analysis of health status of international migrants and local population in Chile: a population-based, cross-sectional analysis from a social determinants of health perspective

Social determinants of health Activity limitations
Chilean born population Migrant population
n = 812.277 n = 17.846
% 95% CI % 95% CI
11.52% [11.2–11.8%] 5.56% [4.3–7.2%]
Sex
 Female 6.18% [6.0–6.4%] 3.39% [1.6–7.1%]
 Male 4.16%**** [4.0–4.4%] 1.33%**** [0.9–2.1%]
Age categories
 < 6
 6–14 years 4.57%**** [4.2–5.0%] 4.46%**** [1.9–10.4%]
 15–29 years 0.81%**** [0.7–0.9%] 0.34%**** [0.2–0.8%]
 30–44 years 1.27%**** [1.1–1.5%] 2.45%**** [0.6–9.5%]
 45–64 years 4.59%**** [4.3–4.9%] 1.75%**** [0.1–2.8%]
 65 years or more 19.01%**** [18.4–19.7%] 21.14%**** [15.1–28.8%]
Ethnicity
 Yes 4.68% [4.3–5.1%] 4.79% [3.1–7.4%]
 No 5.29%** [5.1–5.5%] 2.32%** [1.3–4.2%]
Marital Status
 Single 3.50% [3.3–3.7%] 3.16% [1.2–8.2%]
 Married/cohabitant 4.65%**** [4.4–4.9%] 1.12%**** [0.7–1.7%]
 Separated/divorced/annulled 6.34%**** [5.8–7.0%] 1.17%**** [0.5–2.9%]
 Widow 23.99% [22.9–25.1%] 29.22% [19.9–40.7%]
Area
 Urban 5.15%** [5.0–5.3%] 2.40%** [1.3–4.3%]
 Rural 5.75%** [5.4–6.1%] 2.21%** [1.2–4.0%]
Educational level
 None 24.50* [23.0–26.1%] 9.33%* [3.0–25.3%]
 University 1.73%* [1.5–2.0%] 0.95%* [0.6–1.6%]
 Technical 1.66%** [1.4–2.0%] 0.49%** [0.2–1.2%]
 High School 3.78% [3.6–4.0%] 2.85% [0.9–8.3%]
 Primary 8.19%** [7.9–8.5%] 4.15%** [2.6–6.6%]
Income quintile
 I 7.38%**** [7.0–7.8%] 2.86%**** [1.8–4.6%]
 II 5.76%**** [5.5–6.1%] 1.71%**** [1.1–2.6%]
 III 5.15% [4.8–5.5%] 5.17% [1.4–17.7%]
 IV 4.16%* [3.9–4.5%] 1.75%* [0.9–3.6%]
 V 2.99%*** [2.7–3.3%] 1.38%*** [0.9–2.2%]
Occupation
 Does not study 33.81%**** [21.8–48.3%] 1.77%**** [0.2–14.0%]
 Unemployed 12.33% [11.9–12.7%] 7.69% [3.4–16.5%]
 Studying 0.62% [0.5–0.8%] 0.95% [0.4–2.5%]
 Employed 1.61%**** [1.5–1.8%] 0.61%**** [0.4–1.1%]
 Studying and work 0.29% [0.1–0.6%] 0.93% [0.2–5.6%]
Access to healthcare
 None 2.51% [1.9–3.2%] 1.58% [0.7–3.7%]
 Public health system affiliation 5.92%* [5.7–6.1%] 2.75%* [1.3–5.8%]
 Private health system affiliation 1.93% [1.7–2.2%] 1.47% [0.8–2.7%]
 Others 5.84% [4.9–6.9%] 2.71% [1.0–7.0%]
Social support
 Yes 6.48%**** [6.2–6.8%] 1.62%**** [1.0–2.5%]
 No 8.18% [6.6–10.1%] 29.01% [5.8–73.0%]
Social capital
 Yes 5.42%**** [5.2–5.7%] 2.06%**** [1.3–3.2%]
 No 5.19%* [5.0–5.4%] 2.30%* [1.1–4.8%]
  1. *p value < 0.05; **p value < 0.01; ***p value < 0.001; ****p value < 0.0001 when comparing the same category between the Chilean-born and the immigrant populations (Chi-square test). CI confidence interval