# Table 2 The willingness of the parents to vaccinate their children against COVID-19

Parameters

Willing, n = 2,598 (73.6%)

Not willing or unsure, n = 930 (26.4%)

P value*

Multivariate analysis, OR (95% CI), P value#

Age, (mean ± SD, 95% CI) Years

38.5 ± 6.67, 38.18 – 38.73

39.0 ± 6.56, 38.55 – 39.44

0.046

1.0 (0.99 – 1.00), 0.257

Gender, n (%)

Mother

1,831 (70.5)

664 (71.4)

0.597

Ref

Father

767 (29.5)

266 (28.6)

1.0 (0.87 – 1.25), 0.652

Marital status, n (%)

Married couple

2,441 (94.0)

896 (96.3)

0.006

Ref

Single parent

157 (6.0)

34 (3.7)

2.0 (1.31 – 3.04), 0.001

Region, n (%)

Central

1,525 (58.7)

532 (57.2)

0.001

Ref

Southern

365 (14.0)

123 (13.2)

1.1 (0.84 – 1.38), 0.584

Northern

210 (8.1)

115 (12.4)

0.7 (0.53 – 0.91), 0.008

East coast

86 (3.3)

39 (4.2)

0.8 (0.51 – 1.18), 0.226

Borneo

412 (15.9)

121 (13.0)

1.2 (0.96 – 1.59), 0.103

Education level, n (%)

Tertiary

2,139 (82.3)

812 (87.3)

< 0.001

Ref

Secondary and below

459 (17.7)

118 (12.7)

1.5 (1.21 – 1.96), < 0.001

Household income, n (%)

B40

877 (33.8)

324 (34.8)

0.833

Ref

M40

1,121 (43.1)

396 (42.6)

1.1 (0.92 – 1.39), 0.231

T20

600 (23.1)

210 (22.6)

1.1 (0.84 – 1.36), 0.600

Employment status, n (%)

Employed

2,085 (80.3)

708 (76.1)

0.012

Ref

Unemployed

492 (18.9)

208 (22.4)

0.8 (0.69 – 1.04), 0.109

Retired

21 (0.8)

14 (1.5)

0.7 (0.31 – 1.42), 0.290

Healthcare workers, n (%)

No

2,167 (83.4)

839 (90.2)

< 0.001

Ref

Yes

431 (16.6)

91 (9.8)

1.7 (1.34 – 2.26), < 0.001

Lived with elderly or someone with chronic illness, n (%)

No

1,880 (72.4)

696 (74.8)

0.144

-

Yes

718 (27.6)

234 (25.2)

History of contact with COVID-19, n (%)

No

1,921 (73.9)

747 (80.3)

< 0.001

Ref

Yes

677 (26.1)

183 (19.7)

1.3 (1.07 – 1.61), 0.010

Had been diagnosed with COVID-19, n (%)

No

2,440 (93.9)

857 (92.2)

0.026

Ref

Yes

140 (5.4)

58 (6.2)

0.7 (0.49 – 1.06), 0.099

18 (0.7)

15 (1.6)

0.9 (0.34 – 2.06), 0.705

Families, relatives, colleagues diagnosed with COVID-19, n (%)

No

850 (32.7)

290 (31.2)

0.390

-

Yes

1,748 (67.3)

640 (68.8)

Vaccinated for COVID-19, n (%)

No

24 (0.9)

106 (11.4)

< 0.001

Ref

Yes

2,571 (99.0)

761 (81.8)

15.4 (9.76 – 24.33), < 0.001

3 (0.1)

63 (6.8)

0.3 (0.08 – 0.93), 0.039

Children under 12 years, (median, IQR)

Number

2, 1 – 2

2, 1 – 3

0.020

1.0 (0.90 – 1.03), 0.276

Age groups of children, n (%)

5 – 11 years

1,970 (75.8)

733 (78.8)

0.065

-

2 – 4 years

1,236 (47.6)

455 (48.9)

0.480

Below 2 years

425 (16.4)

142 (15.3)

0.437

Children had chronic illness, n (%)

No

2,483 (95.6)

862 (92.7)

< 0.001

Ref

Yes

99 (3.8)

33 (23.5)

(0.62 – 1.47), 0.826