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Table 7 Factors associated with challenges of strengthening service delivery at national and subnational levels

From: How service delivery implementation strategies can contribute to attaining universal health coverage: lessons from polio eradication using an implementation science approach

Main delivery challenge: External environment Odds Ratio p-value [95% Conf. Interval]
Organizational affiliation
 GPEI partner institutions (ref) 1   
 Government 1.08 0.751 [0.673, 1.731]
 Implementers 0.737 0.281 [0.423, 1.284]
 Others (researchers, etc.) 1.222 0.524 [0.659, 2.265]
Years of experience
 0—4 (ref) 1   
 5—9 0.657* 0.054 [0.428, 1.008]
 10—14 0.601** 0.039 [0.371, 0.974]
 15—19 0.574** 0.036 [0.341, 0.964]
 20 +  0.673 0.19 [0.372, 1.217]
Role
 Advisory (ref) 1   
 Management 8.095*** 0.003 [2.049, 31.974]
 Supervisory 4.082*** 0.008 [1.437, 11.596]
 Frontline 4.260*** 0.007 [1.487, 12.199]
 Other 3.938** 0.012 [1.359, 11.405]
Region
 Africa (ref) 1   
 South-East Asia 0.66** 0.034 [0.449, 0.969]
 Eastern Mediterranean 3.588***  < 0.001 [2.043, 6.302]
 Western Hemisphere 1.386 0.425 [0.622, 3.087]
Number of observations 700
  1. *** p < .01, ** p < .05, * p < .1