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Table 2 Bivariate analysis on socio-demographics and willingness to pay for COVID-19 vaccine

From: Financing COVID-19 vaccination in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from a nation-wide willingness to pay (WTP) survey in Ghana

Characteristics Statistics p-value
  WTP Decision  
  No Yes Total  
Sex Freq. (%) Freq. (%) Freq. (%)  
  Male 183 (26.26) 194 (27.83) 377 (54.09) 0.055**
  Female 135 (19.37) 185 (26.54) 320 (45.91)  
Total 318 (46.62) 379 (54.38) 697 (100.00)  
Age range
  18–23 46 (7.03) 56 (8.56) 102 (15.60) 0.933*
  24–29 68 (10.40) 93 (14.22) 161 (24.62)  
  30–35 99 (15.14) 112 (17.13) 211 (32.26)  
  36–41 47 (7.19) 53 (8.10) 100 (15.29)  
  42–47 18 (2.75) 19 (2.91) 37 (5.66)  
  48 and above 18 (2.75) 25 (3.82) 43 (6.57)  
Total 296 (45.26) 358 (54.74) 654 (100.00)  
Education
  No formal education 52 (7.51) 53 (7.66) 105 (15.17) 0.504*
  Primary 13 (1.88) 9 (1.30) 22 (3.18)  
  Middle/JSS/JHS 7 (1.01) 13 (1.88) 20 (2.89)  
  Secondary (SSS/SHS) 31 (4.48) 39 (5.64) 70 (10.12)  
  Tertiary 212 (30.64) 263 (38.01) 475 (68.64)  
Total 315 (45.52) 377 (54.48) 692 (100.00)  
Occupation
  Artisan 16 (2.35) 14 (2.06) 30 (4.41) 0.398*
  Farmer 27 (3.96) 23 (3.38) 50 (7.34)  
  Teacher 56 (8.22) 82 (12.04) 138 (20.26)  
  Health worker 85 (12.48) 87 (12.78) 172 (25.26)  
  Trader 50 (7.34) 61 (8.96) 111 (16.30)  
  Other (please specify) 77 (11.31) 103 (15.12) 180 (26.30)  
Total 311 (45.67) 370 (54.33) 681 (100.00)  
Marital status
  Divorced 5 (0.75) 11 (1.65) 16 (2.41) 0.490*
  Living together 14 (2.11) 15 (2.26) 29 (4.36)  
  Married 146 (21.95) 150 (22.56) 296 (44.51)  
  Never married 134 (20.15) 172 (25.86) 306 (46.02)  
  Separated 4 (0.60) 8 (1.20) 12 (1.80)  
  Widowed 2 (0.30) 4 (0.60) 6 (0.90)  
Total 305 (45.86) 360 (54.14) 665 (100.00)  
Religion
  Christian 291 (41.81) 338 (48.56) 629 (90.37) 0.228*
  Moslem 18 (2.59) 36 (5.17) 54 (7.76)  
  Traditionalist 5 (0.72) 4 (0.57) 9 (1.29)  
  Other (specify) 1 (0.14) 3 (0.43) 4 (0.57)  
Total 315 (45.26) 381 (54.74) 696 (100.00)  
  1. Source: Field Survey, 2020
  2. *Fisher’s Exact test at 95% significance level
  3. **1-sided Fisher’s Exact test 95% significance level