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Table 4 Dealing with the pandemic

From: Mental health of Covid-19 risk groups during the first Covid-19 lockdown in Germany: a cross-sectional study

Variable HRGC LRGC Test statistic Significance Effect size
  N % N % X2 p-value Phi
Loneliness (11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale) score ≥ 16 77 7.3 45 3.8 13,005 < .001 0.076
Social support (OSSS-3) score ≥ 12 250 22.4 300 25.0 2260 .133  
  N Mdn (IQR) M N Mdn (IQR) M Mann-Whitney-U p-value r
Burdens of social distancing 1289 4.00 (3.00) 3.51 1408 3.00 (2.00) 3.44 881,196,0 .185  
Meaningfulness of social distancing 1284 5.00 (2.00) 4.88 1402 5.00 (2.00) 4.77 840,222,0 .002 0.060
Concerns about the pandemic...
 Concerns about own health 1282 3.00 (2.00) 2.94 1398 2.00 (2.00) 2.3 685,748,5 < .001 0.208
 Concerns about the health of friends 1271 4.00 (2.00) 4.08 1402 4.00 (2.00) 3.96 844,683,0 .018 0.045
 Concerns about own financial situation 1271 2.00 (2.00) 2.39 1406 2.00 (2.00) 2.14 827,655,5 < .001 0.067
 Concerns about the German healthcare system 1279 3.00 (2.00) 2.84 1396 2.00 (3.00) 2.63 822,044,0 < .001 0.070
 Concerns about the German economy 1277 4.00 (2.00) 3.99 1396 4.00 (2.00) 3.8 818,631,5 < .001 0.072
 Concerns about the German political system 1274 4.00 (2.00) 3.96 1383 4.00 (2.00) 3.79 820,626,5 < .001 0.060
  1. *p < .05
  2. **p < .01
  3. ***p < .001