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Table 2 Dietary behavior distribution of study participants among different categories of Beck depression score

From: Association between dietary behaviors and depression in adolescent girls

Variables Depression P-value
No depression/ Minimal Mild Moderate Severe
Consumption of main meal (%)
 1 time 2.1 4.9 11.3 5.1 < 0.001
 2 times 25.1 31.9 32.2 35.9
 3 times 72.8 63.2 56.5 59
Snack consumption (%)
 None 4.4 8.3 7.3 11.1 0.213
 1–2 56.7 60.4 58.2 58.3
 3–5 33.3 25 31.8 22.2
 > 5 5.6 6.2 2.7 8.3
Regular meal consumption (%)
 never 7.4 18.8 11.6 20 < 0.001
 Sometimes 38.1 36.1 53.6 42.5
 Most 31.5 31.9 22.3 25
 Always 22.9 13.2 12.5 12.5
Rate of food chewing (%)
 Low 10.1 16.6 15.7 22.5 0.091
 Average 78.9 73.8 76.5 70
 High 10.9 9.7 7.8 7.5
Breakfast consumption (%)
 Never or 1 day 13.4 18.8 20.4 23.1 0.007
 2–4 days 24.9 27.1 34.5 33.3
 5–6 days 15.1 19.4 15 17.9
 Every day 46.6 34.7 30.1 25.6
Intra-meal fluid intake (%)
 Never 6.3 3.5 6.2 5.1 0.003
 Sometimes 35 30.6 36.3 30.8
 Most 31.2 31.9 18.6 10.3
 Always 27.5 34 38.9 53.8
Consumption of fried foods (%)
 Never 3.1 2.1 2.7 5 0.795
 1–3 times 66.8 62.9 62.8 60
 4–6 times 25.7 30.1 28.3 25
 Every day 4.4 4.9 6.2 10
Consumption of spicy foods (%)
 Never 2.7 2.8 1.8 2.6 0.075
 1–3 28.4 30.6 18.6 28
 4–6 40.4 32.6 38.9 38.3
 ≥7 28.4 34 40.7 31.1
Ability of chewing (%)
 Yes 96.6 96.5 93 94.9 0.073
 Only soft foods 3.1 3.5 4.3 5.1
 No 0.3 0.0 2.6 0.0
Tooth loss (%)
 ≤2 61.9 16.9 18 3.2 0.044
 > 2 69.1 15.3 11 4.6
  1. Obtain from chi-squared test