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Table 3 Study design and outcomes

From: Implementation practice models for development in low- and middle-income countries: systematic review of peer-reviewed literature

Author/date Sampling Research design Statistics reported Significant effects
Longfield 2011 [46] Sample size; characteristics
288 surveys were administered in November 2004 and 415 surveys were administered in June 2006
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate Intervention awareness; behavioral
Meekers 2005 [47] Sample size; characteristics
The study was completed by 2907 15–24 years old in 200 and 3536 15–24 years old in 2002
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Gutierrez 2010 [48] Sample size; characteristics
12 Frontiers Prevention Project sub-sites and 12 Non-Frontiers Prevention Project sub-sites were randomly selected
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate; path models Behavioral
Kassegne 2011 [49] Sample size; characteristics
In 2006, 2,499/3,728 met the criteria for the study. In 2007, 2,101 / 5,408 met the criteria
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Wood 2012 [50] Sample size
Study participants were selected from 333 women who completed a 2010 follow-up survey and their close friends and family
Not reported Not reported Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Agha 2021 [27] Sample size; characteristics
1916/2051 eligible women completed interviews
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate; path models Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Sarrassat 2015 [51] Sample size; characteristics
5,000 mothers of under-5 year old children
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate Behavioral
Engl 2019 [49] None Observational Descriptive Intervention awareness; pre-behavioral; behavioral
Ingabire 2018 [50] Sample size; characteristics
9,020 pregnant women were counseled and 2,575 PPUIDs were inserted
Not reported Descriptive; univariate Behavioral
Kim 2019 [54] Sample size
291 participants were included in the study
Not reported Descriptive Behavioral
Sabin 2020 [55] Sample size; characteristics
120 pregnant women
Not reported Descriptive None
Coulibaly 2020 [56] Sample size
161 semi-structured interviews, 69 informal interviews, and 96 non-participant observation sessions
Quasi-experimental Not reported Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Wang 2016 [57] Sample size
Data was collected in 2012 from 77 government schools from 155 teachers and 3646 students
Quasi-experimental Multivariate Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Cummings 2017 [58] Sample size; characteristics
5759 eligible patients took place in the study
Quasi-experimental Descriptive; multivariate; path models Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Johri 2020 [59] Sample size; characteristics
387 households (184 intervention and 203 control) were included and randomized in the study
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate; path models Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Agha 2019 [26] Sample size; characteristics
617/806 men were interviewed
Quasi-experimental Descriptive; multivariate; path models Intervention awareness; pre-behavioral; behavioral
Saggurti 2013 [60] Sample size; characteristics
554/736 participants completed follow up
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Sharma 2020 [61] Sample size; characteristics
The intervention population included 37,324 participants
Not reported Descriptive Behavioral
Dickson-Gomez 2018 [62] Sample size
20 members of the Country Coordinating Mechanism, 20 members of specialized clinics, 20 personnel at HIV clinics, and 28 supervisors and outreach workers were interviewed
Quasi-experimental Not reported Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Wichaidit 2019 [63] Sample size; characteristics
30 schools were divided into 3 groups to obtain information for this study
Not reported Descriptive Behavioral
Penn-Kekana 2018 [64] None Quasi-experimental Descriptive None
Ma 2018 [65] Sample size
In-depth interviews were conducted with 40 young women, 20 husbands, 20 clan leaders, and 20 health providers
Not reported Descriptive Intervention awareness; pre-behavioral; behavioral
Hoddinott 2018 [66] Sample size; characteristics
2,341 women were surveyed via 4 rounds
Quasi-experimental Descriptive; multivariate Pre-behavioral; behavioral
Babazadeh 2019 [67] Sample size; characteristics
238 patients with brucellosis were recruited to answer questionnaires
Not reported Descriptive; multivariate Intervention awareness; behavioral
Murray 2015 [68] None Not reported Descriptive Behavioral