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Table 4 Zonal distribution of causes of 1–59 months children deaths (weighted)

From: Causes of deaths in neonates and children aged 1–59 months in Nigeria: verbal autopsy findings of 2019 Verbal and Social Autopsy study

  Physician Coded Verbal Autopsy
Causes of deaths (%)
P-value Expert Algorithm Verbal Autopsy
Causes of deaths (%)
P-value
Zone Diarrhoea (95% CI) Pneumonia (95% CI) Malaria (95% CI) Other (95% CI) Diarrhoea (95% CI) Pneumonia (95% CI) Malaria (95% CI) Others (95% CI)
North Central 15.3 (11.1 – 20.7) 12.2 (8.4 – 17.1) 24.4 (19.3 – 30.6) 48.0 (41.5 – 54.7)   19.1 (14.2 – 24.6) 20.1 (15.3 – 25.9) 36.1 (30.0 – 42.7) 25.0 (19.7- 31.1)  
North East 21.7 (17.9 – 26.0) 9.1 (6.7 – 12.4) 27.2 (23.0 – 31.7) 41.8 (37.2- 46.9)   29.0 (24.7 – 33.5) 11.1 (8.3 – 14.5) 36.1 (31.7 – 41.1) 23.8 (19.9 – 28.2)  
North West 24.3 (22.0 – 27.0) 9.3 (7.8 – 11.0) 22.0 (19.8 – 24.5) 44.3 (41.6 – 47.1)   30.0 (27.5 – 32.6) 10.9 (9.3 – 12.8) 34.1 (31.5 – 36.8) 25.0 (22.6 – 27.5)  
South East 12.4 (7.7 – 20.2) 12.4 (7.4 – 19.7) 13.3 (8.1 – 20.8) 61.9 (52.5 – 70.3)   25.9 (18.6 – 34.7) 16.2 (10.5 – 24.2) 36.3 (27.9 – 45.4) 21.8 (15.1 – 30.3)  
South South 15 .0 (9.4 – 23.7) 8 .0 (3.9 – 15.0) 18.0 (11.6 – 26.7) 59.0 (49.1 – 68.3)   15.4 (9.5 – 23.9) 14.2 (8.6 – 22.6) 35.4 (26.7 – 45.3) 35.0 (26.3 – 44.8)  
South West 11.4 (6.2 – 20.7) 13.9 (8.0 – 23.5) 26.6 (18.0 – 37.3) 48.1 (37.1 – 58.7)  < 0.00001 17.7 (10.9 – 27.8) 9.0 (4.4 – 17.6) 48.7 (37.9 – 59.6) 25.3 (16.3 – 35.1)  < 0.0001
  1. CI Confidence Interval; “Other” include severe anaemia (without a specific cause), sickle cell anaemia, haemorrhagic fever, and unexplained sudden death