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Table 3 Hierarchical Linear Regression Results for Neighbourhood Social Environment Predicting Child PA and ST

From: Associations between the neighbourhood social environment and preschool children’s physical activity and screen time

Model/Predictor B (95% CI) SE B β R2 ∆R2
Child PA     0.058 0.017
 Social Cohesion 10.55 (-22.88, 41.99) 15.94 0.07   
 Social Interaction 17.76* (0.81, 34.71) 8.60 0.16   
 Sense of Community -3.82 (-38.55, 30.9) 17.61 -0.02   
 Social Norms -17.87, (-43.04, 70.30) 12.77 -0.10   
 Neighbourhood Crime 6.37 (-23.85, 11.1) 8.86 -0.05   
Child ST     0.113* 0.074
 Social Cohesion -10.59 (-29.98, 8.80) 9.83 -0.11   
 Social Interaction -12.77* (-23.23,—2.32) 5.30 -0.18   
 Sense of Community 6.7 (-14.72, 28.12) 10.86 0.06   
 Social Norms 6.73 (-8.80, 22.25) 7.87 0.06   
 Neighbourhood Crime 7.94 (-2.84, 18.72) 5.47 0.10   
  1. For each linear regression covariates were controlled for within models 1(child age, gender, childcare attendance) and 2 (SES). Values presented are from the final models [3]. These final models included social cohesion, social interactions, sense of community, social norms, neighbourhood crime, child age, gender, attending childcare and SES). Model 3 adjusted R2 change values were used to determine the overall significance of NSE predictors collectively after controlling for covariates
  2. B unstandardised beta coefficients, 95%CI 95% Confidence Interval, β standardised beta coefficient, PA Physical Activity, ST Screen Time
  3. *significant at p < .05 level