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Table 2 Sample characteristics for South Africa (n=4,227) and Ghana (n=5,573) stratified by social capital

From: Differences in the relationship between social capital and hypertension in emerging vs. established economies in Sub-Saharan Africa

  South Africa   Ghana
Low social capital N=1,989 Med/High social capital N=2,006 Low social capital N=1,784 Med/High social capital N=3,301
Agea 61.4 (12.7) 59.3 (11.8) Agea 62.9 (14.6) 58.7 (13.6)
Gendera    Gendera   
  Male 39.36% 45.51% Male 44.90% 56.95%
  Female 60.64% 54.49% Female 55.10% 43.05%
Marital statusa    Marital Statusa   
  Single 51.20% 43.18% Single 48.68% 35.38%
  w/Partner 48.80% 56.82% w/Partner 51.32% 64.62%
Education    Education   
  No formal education 55.85% 53.08% No formal education 83.37% 81.73%
  <High School 37.60% 40.06% <High School 8.14% 9.79%
  >=High School 6.55% 6.86% >=High School 8.49% 8.48%
Area of residencea    Area of Residencea   
  Rural 26.54% 39.89% Rural 52.91% 62.41%
  Urban 73.46% 60.11% Urban 47.09% 37.59%
Work statusa    Work Statusa   
  Working 24.36% 39.24% Working 59.72% 80.21%
  Not-working 75.64% 60.76% Not-Working 40.28% 19.79%
Comorbidities    Comorbidities   
  Arthritisa 548 (27.6%) 324 (16.2%) Arthritis 192 (10.8%) 388 (11.8%)
  Strokea 99 (4.9%) 45 (2.2%) Strokea 62 (3.5%) 57 (1.7%)
  Anginaa 143 (7.2%) 84 (4.2%) Anginaa 72 (4.0%) 77 (2.3%)
  Diabetesa 216 (10.9%) 154 (7.7%) Diabetesa 75 (4.2%) 101 (3.1%)
  Lung diseasea 56 (2.8%) 33 (1.7%) Lung Disease 12 (0.7%) 16 (0.5%)
  Asthmaa 107 (5.4%) 66 (3.3%) Asthma 70 (3.9%) 103 (3.1%)
  Depression 67 (3.4%) 59 (2.9%) Depression 19 (1.1%) 50 (1.5%)
  1. a indicates p<0.05 for comparison between low and medium/high social capital within country using t-test, ANOVA or chi square tests for comparisons.