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Table 2 Characteristics and risk profiles of 515 AGYW programme beneficiaries who accessed a Safe Space (unweighted analysis)

From: Safe spaces for beneficiaries of a combination HIV prevention intervention for adolescent girls and young women in South Africa: access, feasibility, and acceptability

Variable Total sample
N (%)
Accessed a Safe Space = 1
Freq (%)
Pearson Chi2 comparing those who did and did not access a Safe Space for each variable
(Test statistic) P value
Age group
 15–19 years 264 (51.3) 52 (18.7) (1.5837) 0.21
 20–24 years 251 (48.7) 61 (24.3)  
SES*
 Relatively low 147 (28.5) 29 (13.6) (8.3471) < 0.01
 Relatively high 368 (71.5) 93 (25.3)  
Hunger in household in past month
 Yes 86 (16.7) 23 (26.7) (1.3902) 0.24
 No 429 (83.3) 90 (21.9)  
Orphan status
 Maternal and/or paternal orphan 196 (38.1) 40 (20.4%) (0.4345) 0.51
 Not orphaned 319 (61.9) 73 (22.9%)  
Maternal orphan status
 Maternal orphan 102 (19.8) 24 (23.5) (0.1872) 0.68
 Not a maternal orphan 413 (80.2) 89 (21.6)  
NEETa
 Yes 62 (12.0) 18 (29.0) (2.0690) 0.15
 No 453 (88.0) 95 (21.0)  
Ever been pregnant
 Yes 159 (30.9) 32 (20.1) (0.4429) 0.51
 No 356 (69.1) 81 (22.8)  
Ever had a transactional relationship with a man or transactional sex
 Yes 26 (5.1) 8 (30.8) (1.2458) 0.26
 No 489 (95.0) 105 (21.5)  
Fear of male partner in past 6 months
 Yes 77 (15.0) 21 (27.3) (1.5023) 0.22
 No 438 (85.0) 92 (21.0)  
Ever had sex
 Yes 389 (75.5) 87 (22.4) (0.1663) 0.68
 No 126 (24.5) 26 (20.6)  
Had early sexual debut (< 15 years)b
 Yes 26 (6.7) 5 (19.2) (0.1576) 0.69
 No 363 (93.3) 82 (22.6)  
Age disparate sex in past 6 months (>/= 5 years)b
 Yes 58 (14.9) 10 (17.2) (1.0306) 0.31
 No 331 (85.1) 77 (23.3)  
Multiple male partners in past 6 months (> 1)b
 Yes 81 (20.8) 25 (30.9) (4.2561) 0.04
 No 308 (79.2) 62 (20.1)  
Inconsistent condom use with last one (or two) partners b
 Yes 303 (77.9) 69 (22.7) (0.1309) 0.72
 No 86 (22.1) 18 (20.9)  
Inconsistent use of contraceptives in past 6 monthsb
 Yes 258 (66.3) 56 (21.7) (0.1920) 0.66
 No 131 (33.7) 31 (23.7)  
Languishing in terms of emotional well-being
 Yes 74 (14.4) 15 (20.3) (0.1410) 0.71
 No 441 (85.6) 98 (22.2)  
High risk of depression
 Yes 145 (28.2) 31 (21.4) (0.0373) 0.85
 No 379 (71.8) 82 (22.2)  
High Audit C Score (>/=2)
 Yes 248 (48.2) 52 (21.0) (0.2650) 0.61
 No 267 (51.8) 61 (22.9)  
  1. a NEET Not in education, employment or training; b Denominator is 389 AGYW who had ever had sex
  2. *SES was divided into relatively low and relatively high based on shared features through cluster analysis