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Table 4 Adjusted models for the association between barriers to physical activity and physical activity

From: A cross-sectional study on the perceived barriers to physical activity and their associations with domain-specific physical activity and sedentary behaviour

Transport-related physical activity Physical activity level (Negative binomial model) Odds of being physically inactive (Logit model)
Barriers to physical activity eβ (e.95% CI) p-value eβ (e.95% CI) p-value
Lack of footpaths, cycle lanes, or parks 0.79 (0.66—0.94) 0.007   
Cost 1.33 (1.04—1.69) 0.021   
Safety concerns (e.g., street lighting, traffic) 1.23 (1.01—1.51) 0.044   
Pollution – Haze    0.55 (0.41—0.73)  < 0.001
Leisure-related physical activity Physical activity level (Negative binomial model) Odds of being physically inactive (Logit model)
Barriers to physical activity eβ (e.95% CI) p-value eβ (e.95% CI) p-value
The weather (e.g., wet and hot) 0.85 (0.75—0.98) 0.022 0.69 (0.53—0.91) 0.009
Lack of time 0.73 (0.62—0.86)  < 0.001   
Age 0.82 (0.67—0.99) 0.042 1.43 (1.02—2.01) 0.037
Safety concerns (e.g., street lighting, traffic) 1.29 (1.08—1.54) 0.004   
Cost    1.58 (1.13—2.22) 0.008
Feeling tired    1.85(1.40—2.46)  < 0.001
  1. Adjusted for age, ethnicity, sex, personal income, chronic conditions, sedentary behaviour.
  2. Adjusted for age, ethnicity, sex, personal income, chronic conditions, sedentary behaviour, safety concerns, limited accessibility and lack of footpaths, cycles lanes or parks