Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the sample

From: Sex and gender differences in depressive symptoms in older workers: the role of working conditions

  Male (n = 177)
%
Female (n = 136)
%
Masculine (n = 185)
%
Feminine (n = 128)
%
Total (n = 313)
%
Age, M(SD) 59.0 (2.4) 58.5 (2.4) 58.9 (2.4) 58.6 (2.4) 58.0 (2.4)
Female 0.0 100.0 21.6 75.0 43.5
Feminine 18.1 70.6 0.0 100.0 40.9
Income (quartiles)
Q1 (€510–1900) 20.7 32.8 11.9 46.0 26.0
Q2 (€1900–2399) 22.5 26.7 18.8 32.3 24.3
Q3 (€2400–2999) 28.4 25.2 33.5 17.7 27.0
Q4 (≥ €3000) 28.4 15.3 35.8 4.0 22.7
Educational level
Low 29.9 29.4 19.5 44.5 29.7
Intermediate 24.3 30.9 22.2 34.4 27.2
High 45.8 39.7 58.4 21.1 43.1
Informal caregiving
None 83.2 62.3 87.1 55.6 74.1
 < 8 h per week 13.4 26.3 12.3 28.7 19.0
 ≥ 8 h per week 3.4 11.4 0.6 15.7 6.8
Time spent on household chores (quartiles)
Q1 (0–24 min per day) 42.4 5.9 40.5 6.3 26.5
Q2 (24–60 min per day) 29.9 16.9 29.2 17.2 24.3
Q3 (60–120 min per day) 15.8 35.3 21.1 28.9 24.3
Q4 (≥ 120 min per day) 11.9 41.9 9.2 47.7 24.9
Working hours (quartiles)
Q1 (1–20 h per week) 11.4 43.4 8.7 49.2 25.3
Q2 (20–35 h per week) 18.2 34.6 22.0 28.9 25.3
Q3 (35–41 h per week) 52.3 17.6 48.9 20.3 37.2
Q4 (≥ 41 h per week) 1.2 4.4 19.6 1.6 12.2
Occupation segregation (% female workers)
 ≤ 25% 41.2 8.1 41.6 5.5 26.8
26–50% 27.1 11.0 25.9 11.7 20.1
51–75% 27.7 65.4 29.7 64.8 44.1
 ≥ 76% 4.0 15.4 2.7 18.0 8.9
High physical demands 42.9 50.0 36.2 60.2 46.0
High psychosocial demands 44.1 44.1 44.3 43.8 44.1
High cognitive demands 38.4 33.1 45.4 22.7 36.1
High autonomy 45.8 36.0 47.6 32.8 41.5
High variation in tasks 40.3 34.1 42.5 30.6 37.5
High social support 38.4 36.0 38.9 35.2 37.4
Depressive symptoms, M(SD) 5.1 (5.4) 6.5 (5.8) 5.0 (5.4) 6.6 (5.7) 5.7 (5.6)