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Table 3 Frequencies of EOS based on the characteristics of 2,509 neonates admitted within 3 days of life

From: Early-onset neonatal sepsis and antibiotic use in Indonesia: a descriptive, cross-sectional study

Characteristicsa Total admitted neonates EOS % (95% CI)
Culture proven (n = 83) Culture negative (n = 112) Absence of culture facility (n = 47) Total (n = 242)
Admission type (n = 2,506)
 Inborn 2,298 64 95 43 202 8.8 (7.6–10.1)
 Outborn 208 19 17 4 40 19.2 (13.7–26.2)
Gender (n = 2,497)
 Female 1,176 35 49 16 100 8.5 (6.9–10.3)
 Male 1,321 48 63 31 142 10.7 (9.1–12.7)
GA at birth, weeks (n = 2,380)
> 41 24 0 0 1 1 4.2 (0.1–23.2)
> 37—< 41 1,515 19 28 26 73 4.8 (3.8–6.1)
> 32—< 37 639 38 47 10 95 14.9 (12.0–18.2)
 < 32 202 20 32 7 59 29.2 (22.2–37.7)
Birth weight, grams (n = 2,470)
> 2,500 1,399 17 26 19 62 4.4 (3.4–5.7)
 1,500 – 2,499 813 38 41 19 98 12.1 (9.8–14.7)
 1,000 – 1,499 200 22 31 5 58 29.0 (22.0–37.5)
 < 1,000 58 5 14 3 22 37.9 (23.8–57.4)
Birth asphyxia APGAR at 5 min (n = 2,398)
> 7 2,134 64 74 31 169 7.9 (6.8–9.2)
 < 7 264 16 31 13 60 22.7 (17.3–29.3)
Maternal PROM, hours (n = 315)
 < 12 60 1 0 1 2 3.3 (0.4–12.0)
 12—23 142 0 1 3 4 2.8 (0.8–7.2)
> 24 113 0 3 2 5 4.4 (1.4–10.3)
Maternal PPROM, hours (n = 165)
 < 12 39 1 9 0 10 25.6 (12.3–47.2)
 12—23 32 1 2 2 5 15.6 (5.1–36.5)
> 24 94 0 11 2 13 13.8 (7.4–23.6)
  1. Abbreviation: APGAR appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, and respiration, GA gestational age, PPROM preterm premature rupture of membranes, PROM premature rupture of membrane
  2. aPercentage for each characteristic was calculated from study population (mothers or neonates as specified) after excluding cases with missing data or where the variable was coded as ‘unknown’