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Table 3 Binary logistic regression model with non-adherence to handwashing and social distancing as outcomes

From: Non-adherence to COVID-19 containment behaviours: results from an all-Ireland telephone survey

  Non-adherence to handwashing Non-adherence to social distancing
p value OR 95% C.I p value OR 95% C.I
Lower Upper Lower Upper
NI (0) vs ROI (1) .426 .767 .399 1.473 .182 1.332 .875 2.029
Social class B vs A .190 4.272 .488 37.410 .022 .351 .143 .860
Social class C1 vs A .384 2.580 .305 21.787 .001 .263 .118 .586
Social class C2 vs A .802 1.324 .149 11.783 .593 .816 .387 1.721
Social class D vs A .542 2.036 .207 20.004 .021 .303 .110 .835
Social class E vs A .335 2.939 .329 26.276 .286 .625 .263 1.484
Social class F1 vs A .996 .000 .000   .143 .373 .100 1.394
Social class F2 vs A .524 2.619 .135 50.718 .753 1.287 .267 6.206
Age .425 .993 .974 1.011  < .001 .975 .963 .987
Female (0) vs male (1)  < .001 5.215 2.405 11.307 .011 1.672 1.123 2.487
Non-hc worker (0) vs hc worker (1) .631 .684 .146 3.218 .015 1.981 1.140 3.442
Depression .094 .665 .413 1.072  < .001 1.723 1.334 2.226
Anxiety .325 .802 .517 1.245 .186 .836 .642 1.090
Loneliness .015 1.861 1.130 3.063 .537 .903 .652 1.250
No. in household aged under-18 .063 .704 .487 1.019 .006 .746 .606 .919
Perceived risk to self .373 .838 .569 1.235 .244 .877 .702 1.094
Perceived risk to others .190 1.336 .866 2.061 .597 1.073 .826 1.393
Perceived vulnerability of self .401 1.176 .806 1.715 .542 .931 .740 1.172
Perceived vulnerability of others .472 1.149 .787 1.679 .240 .876 .703 1.092
Fear .116 .801 .608 1.056 .014 .799 .667 .956
Response efficacy .421 .849 .569 1.265  < .001 .570 .454 .716
Response cost  < .001 3.401 2.233 5.180 .031 1.309 1.026 1.670
Social norms  < .001 .481 .324 .714 .003 .728 .592 .895
Self-efficacy  < .001 .486 .376 .628  < .001 .668 .571 .783
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence interval, hc healthcare
  2. Results highlighted in bold indicate statistically significant (p < 0.05) covariates