Skip to main content

Table 4 Associations between bioelectrical variables, lifestyle factors, and potential confounders, by sex. Multiple regression coefficients with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) and p-values. In bold are p-values under 0.05

From: Associations between hydration status, body composition, sociodemographic and lifestyle factors in the general population: a cross-sectional study

Variable Coefficient 95% CI p-value Coefficient 95% CI p-value
R/H Women Men
Diet quality index:
 Unhealthy, baseline
 Medium 0.03 -0.04, 0.09  > 0.05 0.02 -0.04, 0.07  > 0.05
 Healthy 0.03 -0.05, 0.11  > 0.05 0.09 -0.03, 0.21  > 0.05
Physical activity:
 Low, baseline
 Medium 0.07 -0.02, 0.16  > 0.05 0.02 -0.07, 0.10  > 0.05
 High 0.02 -0.08, 0.11  > 0.05 0.01 -0.07, 0.09  > 0.05
BMI -0.16 -0.41, 0.09  > 0.05 -0.04 -0.25, 0.17  > 0.05
Age quartiles:
 Youngest, baseline
 Second 0.01 -0.07, 0.08  > 0.05 0.01 -0.07, 0.08  > 0.05
 Third 0.07 -0.01, 0.15  > 0.05 0.02 -0.06, 0.10  > 0.05
 Oldest 0.11 0.02, 0.20  < 0.05 0.09 0.01, 0.17  < 0.05
Education:
 Mandatory, baseline
 Higher -0.02 -0.08, 0.04  > 0.05 0.02 -0.03, 0.08  > 0.05
Xc/H
Diet quality index:
 Unhealthy, baseline
 Medium -0.06 -1.89, 1.76  > 0.05 -0.01 -1.56, 1.53  > 0.05
 Healthy -1.21 -3.52, 1.11  > 0.05 2.11 -1.31, 5.53  > 0.05
Physical activity:
 Low, baseline
 Medium 1.28 -1.34, 3.89  > 0.05 1.78 -0.67, 4.23  > 0.05
 High 1.70 -1.05, 4.44  > 0.05 2.91 0.54, 5.28  < 0.05
BMI -8.49 -15.61, -1.38  < 0.05 -1.78 -7.87, 4.30  > 0.05
Age quartiles:
 Youngest, baseline
 Second -2.41 -4.50, -0.32  < 0.05 -4.00 -6.20, -1.80  < 0.05
 Third -3.65 -6.00, -1.31  < .0.05 -6.18 -8.43, -3.94  < 0.05
 Oldest -6.10 -8.69, -3.51  < 0.05 -8.88 -11.07, -6.68  < 0.05
Education:
 Mandatory, baseline
 Higher -1.22 -2.91, 0.47  > 0.05 0.39 -1.20, 1.96  > 0.05
PA
Diet quality index:
 Unhealthy, baseline
 Medium -0.12 -0.32, 0.08  > 0.05 -0.07 -0.24, 0.11  > 0.05
 Healthy -0.19 -0.44, 0.06  > 0.05 -0.03 -0.42, 0.37  > 0.05
Physical activity:
 Low, baseline
 Medium 0.17 -0.11, 0.46  > 0.05 0.50 0.22, 0.78  < 0.05
 High 0.39 0.09, 0.69  < 0.05 0.84 0.57, 1.11  < 0.05
BMI 0.82 0.05, 1.60  < 0.05 2.32 1.61, 3.02  < 0.05
Age quartiles:
 Youngest, baseline
 Second -0.32 -0.54, -0.09  < 0.05 -0.77 -1.03, -0.52  < 0.05
 Third -0.49 -0.74, -0.23  < 0.05 -1.06 -1.32, -0.08  < 0.05
 Oldest -1.01 -1.29, -0.73  < 0.05 -1.63 -1.88, -1.37  < 0.05
Education:
 Mandatory, baseline
 Higher -0.18 -0.36, 0.00  > 0.05 -0.11 -0.29, 0.07  > 0.05
  1. R/H Resistance per height, Xc/H Reactance per height, PA Phase Angle, BMI Body Mass Index