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Table 4 The relationship between high stress among employees and the workplace environment

From: Occupational stress: evidence from industries affected by COVID-19 in Japan

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Variables Civil servant Medical Wholesale retail Accommodation /restaurant Service Industry(other) Real Estate Professional service
Workplace
 Tough workload quantity 4.185*** 5.578*** 4.208*** 4.694*** 3.328*** 3.742*** 5.892***
(0.026) (0.360) (0.890) (0.131) (0.166) (0.891) (0.429)
 Tough workload quality 2.960*** 1.228*** 4.754*** 2.887*** 3.402*** 2.419** 1.893***
(0.030) (0.390) (1.015) (0.150) (0.182) (0.948) (0.433)
 Tough workload body burden 0.362*** 0.065 −1.537** 0.652*** 0.921*** −0.361 1.535***
(0.015) (0.209) (0.648) (0.079) (0.104) (0.693) (0.263)
 Tough workplace inter-person relationship 3.896*** 4.266*** 3.495*** 3.932*** 4.088*** 3.554*** 5.176***
(0.029) (0.376) (1.015) (0.134) (0.181) (1.011) (0.402)
 Awful physical workplace environment 1.447*** 1.882*** 0.723 1.466*** 1.429*** 1.079 1.371***
(0.017) (0.226) (0.673) (0.085) (0.102) (0.660) (0.240)
 Good job control − 2.311*** − 1.422*** −2.474** − 2.705*** −2.102*** − 1.141 − 1.401***
(0.026) (0.335) (0.976) (0.123) (0.166) (0.944) (0.371)
 Use of possessed skills −0.456*** 0.387 −0.426 −0.488*** −0.115 −2.441*** − 0.137
(0.022) (0.262) (0.693) (0.100) (0.133) (0.736) (0.297)
 Appropriate matching to work content −2.102*** −1.938*** − 1.493 − 2.872*** − 2.170*** −2.504*** −1.526***
(0.026) (0.356) (0.907) (0.126) (0.162) (0.925) (0.376)
 Work reward balance −2.586*** − 2.415*** −3.522*** −2.107*** − 2.831*** −2.024** −3.510***
(0.026) (0.351) (0.921) (0.126) (0.161) (0.953) (0.349)
Surrounding support
 Support from boss −1.278*** −1.514*** −2.891*** − 1.438*** − 1.431*** − 3.010*** −1.429***
(0.028) (0.357) (0.999) (0.122) (0.167) (1.035) (0.386)
 Support from colleague −1.282*** − 1.376*** 0.431 −0.844*** −0.879*** 1.614 − 0.120
(0.030) (0.375) (1.047) (0.123) (0.176) (1.071) (0.385)
 Support from family friend −2.051*** −1.767*** −0.990 −2.184*** − 1.754*** −3.488*** − 2.534***
(0.022) (0.286) (0.769) (0.105) (0.142) (0.702) (0.293)
 Constant 57.739*** 53.467*** 57.983*** 58.159*** 56.456*** 68.629*** 49.716***
(0.157) (1.972) (4.963) (0.793) (1.007) (5.319) (2.275)
Observations 591,356 3514 498 28,591 15,390 473 3275
R-squared 0.446 0.436 0.460 0.435 0.422 0.458 0.447
  (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13)
Variables Construction Education Entertainment Manufacturing Transportation/postal Information/communication
Workplace
 Tough workload quantity 3.950*** 3.182*** 4.319*** 3.815*** 4.037*** 5.636***
(0.368) (0.497) (0.195) (0.812) (0.111) (0.350)
 Tough workload quality 3.374*** 4.443*** 2.844*** 2.508*** 3.292*** 1.735***
(0.408) (0.589) (0.222) (0.829) (0.122) (0.368)
 Tough workload body burden −0.457** −0.013 0.311*** −0.193 −0.053 0.291
(0.215) (0.361) (0.117) (0.452) (0.064) (0.201)
 Tough workplace inter-person relationship 5.065*** 3.530*** 3.962*** 2.986*** 4.988*** 5.321***
(0.392) (0.556) (0.196) (0.889) (0.116) (0.355)
 Awful physical workplace environment 1.453*** 2.143*** 1.451*** 1.626*** 1.136*** 0.683***
(0.226) (0.334) (0.128) (0.511) (0.068) (0.221)
 Good job control −2.032*** −1.896*** −2.644*** −3.059*** −2.041*** −0.890***
(0.342) (0.508) (0.185) (0.812) (0.106) (0.310)
 Use of possessed skills −0.486* −0.553 − 0.366*** 0.153 − 0.592*** 0.129
(0.268) (0.383) (0.134) (0.587) (0.083) (0.257)
 Appropriate matching to work content −1.740*** − 1.275** −1.981*** − 1.886** −1.930*** −2.965***
(0.369) (0.530) (0.196) (0.765) (0.101) (0.327)
 Work reward balance −3.333*** −2.990*** − 2.488*** −5.104*** − 2.763*** −2.712***
(0.348) (0.510) (0.196) (0.709) (0.102) (0.310)
Surrounding support
 Support from boss −1.034*** −1.644*** −0.551*** 0.345 −1.120*** −1.344***
(0.362) (0.489) (0.174) (0.731) (0.110) (0.366)
 Support from colleague −1.764*** −0.288 −1.453*** − 1.329 − 0.657*** − 0.595
(0.367) (0.501) (0.179) (0.827) (0.114) (0.368)
 Support from family friend −1.082*** −2.183*** −2.069*** −0.753 − 2.028*** − 1.825***
(0.285) (0.394) (0.150) (0.651) (0.087) (0.273)
 Constant 55.214*** 56.489*** 57.978*** 63.141*** 55.495*** 51.124***
(2.173) (2.936) (1.131) (4.751) (0.642) (1.951)
Observations 3493 1727 12,820 650 39,228 3621
R-squared 0.453 0.443 0.431 0.386 0.416 0.438
  1. Coefficients and robust standard errors are displayed in Table. Robust standard errors in parentheses
  2. *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1