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Table 1 Descriptive statistics for the sample of gamblers, by SGHS and PGSI reference and affected groups

From: Benchmarking gambling screens to health-state utility: the PGSI and the SGHS estimate similar levels of population gambling-harm

  Reference Affected
Variable SGHS 0
n (%)
PGSI 0
n (%)
SGHS 1+
n (%)
PGSI 1+
n (%)
Total 1546 (100) 1331 (100) 1057 (100) 1272 (100)
Gender
 Male 880 (56.9) 758 (56.9) 613 (58.0) 735 (57.8)
 Female 665 (43.0) 572 (43.0) 443 (41.9) 536 (42.1)
 Other 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1)
Mean age (SD [years]) 51.16 (17.48) 52.14 (17.13) 42.15 (16.03) 42.65 (16.48)
Country of birth
 Australia 1232 (79.7) 1068 (80.2) 845 (79.9) 1009 (79.3)
 Other 314 (20.3) 263 (19.8) 212 (20.1) 263 (20.7)
Main language spoken at home
 English 1497 (96.8) 1296 (97.4) 991 (93.8) 1192 (93.7)
 Other 49 (3.2) 35 (2.6) 66 (6.2) 80 (6.3)
Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin
 No 1463 (94.6) 1266 (95.1) 958 (90.6) 1155 (90.8)
 Yes 83 (5.4) 65 (4.9) 99 (9.4) 117 (9.2)
State/Territory of residence
 New South Wales 652 (42.2) 564 (42.4) 526 (49.8) 614 (48.3)
 Queensland 452 (29.2) 395 (29.7) 258 (24.4) 315 (24.8)
 South Australia 196 (12.7) 164 (12.3) 119 (11.3) 151 (11.9)
 Tasmania 56 (3.6) 47 (3.5) 29 (2.7) 38 (3.0)
 Northern Territory 8 (0.5) 7 (0.5) 5 (0.5) 6 (0.5)
 Australian Capital Territory 31 (2.0) 31 (2.3) 22 (2.1) 22 (1.7)
 Western Australia 151 (9.8) 123 (9.2) 98 (9.3) 126 (9.9)
Highest educational qualification
 No schooling
 Did not complete primary school 6 (0.4) 4 (0.3) 2 (0.2)
 Completed primary school 24 (1.6) 19 (1.4) 10 (0.9) 15 (1.2)
 Year 10 or equivalent 163 (10.5) 146 (11.0) 87 (8.2) 104 (8.2)
 Year 11 or equivalent 41 (2.7) 33 (2.5) 19 (1.8) 27 (2.1)
 Year 12 or equivalent 235 (15.2) 186 (14.0) 159 (15.0) 208 (16.4)
 A trade, technical certificate or diploma 489 (31.6) 430 (32.3) 251 (23.7) 310 (24.4)
 A university or college degree 421 (27.2) 375 (28.2) 372 (35.2) 418 (32.9)
 Postgraduate qualifications 167 (10.8) 138 (10.4) 159 (15.0) 188 (14.8)
Work status
 Work full-time 585 (37.8) 496 (37.3) 566 (53.5) 655 (51.5)
 Work part-time or casual 256 (16.6) 217 (16.3) 182 (17.2) 221 (17.4)
 Full-time student 27 (1.7) 22 (1.7) 34 (3.2) 39 (3.1)
 Unemployed and looking for work 69 (4.5) 64 (4.8) 61 (5.8) 66 (5.2)
 Full-time home duties 102 (6.6) 89 (6.7) 44 (4.2) 57 (4.5)
 Retired 447 (28.9) 392 (29.5) 132 (12.5) 187 (14.7)
 Sick or on a disability pension 41 (2.7) 32 (2.4) 26 (2.5) 35 (2.8)
 Other 19 (1.2) 19 (1.4) 12 (1.1) 12 (0.9)
Occupation
 Manager 287 (18.6) 240 (18.0) 252 (23.8) 299 (23.5)
 Professional 375 (24.3) 327 (24.6) 259 (24.5) 307 (24.1)
 Technician or trade worker 114 (7.4) 99 (7.4) 79 (7.5) 94 (7.4)
 Community or personal service worker 90 (5.8) 79 (5.9) 69 (6.5) 80 (6.3)
 Clerical or administrative worker 268 (17.3) 240 (18.0) 138 (13.1) 166 (13.1)
 Sales worker 123 (8.0) 113 (8.5) 104 (9.8) 114 (9.0)
 Machinery operator and driver 58 (3.8) 50 (3.8) 20 (1.9) 28 (2.2)
 Labourer 139 (9.0) 106 (8.0) 101 (9.6) 134 (10.5)
 Small business operator 92 (6.0) 77 (5.8) 35 (3.3) 50 (3.9)
Marital status
 Single or never married 327 (21.2) 269 (20.2) 298 (28.2) 356 (28.0)
 Separated or divorced 135 (8.7) 128 (9.6) 74 (7.0) 81 (6.4)
 Widowed 54 (3.5) 49 (3.7) 17 (1.6) 22 (1.7)
 Married or living with partner (de facto) 1030 (66.6) 885 (66.5) 668 (63.2) 813 (63.9)
Household composition
 Single person 351 (22.7) 308 (23.1) 249 (23.6) 292 (23.0)
 One parent family with children 77 (5) 71 (5.3) 74 (7.0) 80 (6.3)
 Couple with children 520 (33.6) 426 (32.0) 408 (38.6) 502 (39.5)
 Couple with no children 525 (34.0) 469 (35.2) 266 (25.2) 322 (25.3)
 Group household (i.e. living with two or more people to whom you are NOT related) 73 (4.7) 57 (4.3) 60 (5.7) 76 (6.0)
Annual personal income
 $0 to $19,999 244 (15.8) 217 (16.3) 137 (13.0) 164 (12.9)
 $20,000 to $39,999 402 (26.0) 348 (26.1) 200 (18.9) 254 (20.0)
 $40,000 to $59,999 233 (15.1) 202 (15.2) 188 (17.8) 219 (17.2)
 $60,000 to $79,999 238 (15.4) 192 (14.4) 161 (15.2) 207 (16.3)
 $80,000 to $99,999 160 (10.3) 132 (9.9) 113 (10.7) 141 (11.1)
 $100,000 to $119,999 102 (6.6) 97 (7.3) 99 (9.4) 104 (8.2)
 $120,000 to $139,999 60 (3.9) 52 (3.9) 58 (5.5) 66 (5.2)
 $140,000 to $159,999 39 (2.5) 38 (2.9) 46 (4.4) 47 (3.7)
 $160,000 to $179,000 24 (1.6) 15 (1.1) 18 (1.7) 27 (2.1)
 $180,000 or more 44 (2.8) 38 (2.9) 37 (3.5) 43 (3.4)
Annual household income
 $0 to $19,999 70 (4.5) 56 (4.2) 48 (4.5) 62 (4.9)
 $20,000 to $39,999 287 (18.6) 255 (19.2) 145 (13.7) 177 (13.9)
 $40,000 to $59,999 226 (14.6) 209 (15.7) 156 (14.8) 173 (13.6)
 $60,000 to $79,999 214 (13.8) 166 (12.5) 137 (13.0) 185 (14.5)
 $80,000 to $99,999 166 (10.7) 152 (11.4) 136 (12.9) 150 (11.8)
 $100,000 to $119,999 149 (9.6) 125 (9.4) 133 (12.6) 157 (12.3)
 $120,000 to $139,999 103 (6.7) 91 (6.8) 89 (8.4) 101 (7.9)
 $140,000 to $159,999 127 (8.2) 102 (7.7) 84 (7.9) 109 (8.6)
 $160,000 to $179,000 47 (3.0) 45 (3.4) 38 (3.6) 40 (3.1)
 $180,000 or more 157 (10.2) 130 (9.8) 91 (8.6) 118 (9.3)
Residence
 Capital city and surrounds 1003 (64.9) 864 (64.9) 766 (72.5) 905 (71.1)
 Regional town with more than 10,000 persons 396 (25.6) 341 (25.6) 223 (21.1) 278 (21.9)
 A rural or remote location 147 (9.5) 126 (9.5) 68 (6.4) 89 (7.0)
  1. Note: PGSI and SGHS are highly correlated indicators, treated in parallel in subsequent analyses