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Table 1 Demographic and behavioral characteristics of PWID in San Francisco and Los Angeles (N = 601)

From: Health risk associated with residential relocation among people who inject drugs in Los Angeles and San Francisco, CA: a cross sectional study

Characteristics N (%)
Study Site  
  San Francisco 316 (53%)
  Los Angeles 285 (47%)
Gender  
  Male 440 (73%)
  Female 150 (25%)
  Transgender 5 (1%)
  Other 4 (1%)
Sexual Orientation  
  Heterosexual 483 (80%)
  Gay, lesbian, or bisexual 116 (20%)
Race/Ethnicity  
  White 239 (40%)
  Latinx 133 (22%)
  Black 142 (24%)
  Asian/Pacific Islander 42 (7%)
  Native American 6 (1%)
  Mixed Race/other 37 (6%)
Education  
  Less than high school diploma 170 (28%)
  High school diploma or more 429 (72%)
Age  
  18–29 93 (15%)
  30–39 136 (23%)
  40–49 160 (27%)
  50 and Older 210 (35%)
Relationship Status  
  Single 411 (68%)
  In a relationship, but not living as married 92 (15%)
  Married or living as married 96 (16%)
Monthly Income  
  Less than $1,400 473 (79%)
  $1,400 or More 128 (21%)
  Experiencing homeless currently 451 (75%)
  Relocated in the past 30 days 427 (72%)
Relocation by Approximate Quartile  
  Did not relocate in past 30 days 167 (28%)
  Relocated 1–2 times in past 30 days 117 (20%)
  Relocated 3–9 times in past 30 days 159 (27%)
  Relocated more than 9 times in past 30 days 147 (25%)
Experience of violence in the past 6 months  
  Having belongings stolen 423 (70%)
  Experiencing physical assault 210 (35%)
  Experiencing weaponized assault 115 (19%)
  Experiencing sexual assault 23 (4%)
Health outcomes, related behaviors, and access to treatment in the past 6 months  
  Overdose 85 (14%)
  Severe food insecurity 238 (39%)
  Receptive syringe sharing 81 (13%)
  Substance use treatment 196 (33%)
Criminal Legal System Involvement in the past 6 months  
  Arrest 169 (28%)
  Jail 162 (27%)