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Table 4 Recognition of breast cancer symptoms

From: Women’s awareness of breast cancer symptoms: a national cross-sectional study from Palestine

Category of symptoms Symptom Total (n = 5257) n (%) Gaza Strip n = 2551) n (%) WBJ (n = 2706) n (%) P-value
Breast symptoms A lump or thickening in the breast 4887 (92.9) 2398 (94.0) 2489 (92.0) 0.004
Pain in one of the breasts or armpits 3064 (58.3) 1479 (58.0) 1585 (58.6) 0.66
Puckering or dimpling of the breast skin 2968 (56.5) 1517 (59.5) 1451 (53.6)  < 0.001
Redness of the breast skin 2945 (56.0) 1559 (61.1) 1386 (51.2)  < 0.001
Nipple symptoms Discharge or bleeding from the nipple 3785 (72.0) 1862 (73.0) 1923 (71.1) 0.12
Nipple rash 3063 (58.3) 1604 (62.9) 1459 (53.9)  < 0.001
Change in the position of the nipple 2710 (51.6) 1402 (55.0) 1308 (48.3)  < 0.001
Pulling in of the nipple 2665 (50.7) 1400 (54.9) 1265 (46.7)  < 0.001
Other symptoms Lump or thickening under the armpit 4394 (83.6) 2161 (84.7) 2233 (82.5) 0.032
Changes in the shape of the breast or nipple 4059 (77.2) 2028 (79.5) 1985 (73.4)  < 0.001
Changes in the size of the breast or nipple 4013 (76.3) 2065 (80.9) 1994 (73.7)  < 0.001
Unexplained weight loss 3152 (60.0) 1544 (60.5) 1608 (59.4) 0.42
Extreme generalized fatigue 3054 (58.1) 1557 (61.0) 1497 (55.3)  < 0.001
  1. N number of participants, WBJ West Bank and Jerusalem