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Table 4 Measures of wellbeinga: by four respondent characteristics

From: The impact of COVID-19 restrictions on perceived health and wellbeing of adult Australian sport and physical activity participants

Measure Characteristics p-valueb
N Mean SD N Mean SD N Mean SD
  Genderc  
  Male Female   
General wellbeing 1219 3.43 0.66 829 3.45 0.66     .601
Resilience 1204 3.69 0.67 823 3.68 0.70     .610
Life satisfaction 1212 6.63 1.80 830 6.82 1.66     .016
  Age (years)  
  18–29 30–49 50–59  
General wellbeing 511 3.28 0.69 929 3.42 0.65 615 3.58 0.64  < .001
Resilience 498 3.62 0.72 917 3.70 0.67 618 3.72 0.67 .063
Life satisfaction 501 6.44 1.78 925 6.72 1.70 623 6.91 1.78  < .001
  Region  
  Metropolitan Non-metropolitan   
General wellbeing 1364 3.43 0.67 681 3.44 0.66     .664
Resilience 1353 3.71 0.68 670 3.64 0.69     .034
Life satisfaction 1364 6.69 1.76 675 6.75 1.74     .775
  Sport and physical activity settings  
  Clubd Informal onlye Inactive  
General wellbeing 1700 3.44 0.67 336 3.44 0.62 19 3.20 0.96 .300
Resilience 1684 3.69 0.69 332 3.67 0.67 17 3.56 0.58 .646
Life satisfaction 1698 6.69 1.78 334 6.83 1.57 17 6.47 2.53 .334
  Sport and physical activity modes  
  Teamf Individual onlyg Inactive  
General wellbeing 1381 3.43 0.65 655 3.44 0.68 19 3.20 0.96 .294
Resilience 1360 3.69 0.69 656 3.68 0.69 17 3.56 0.58 .675
Life satisfaction 1373 6.70 1.74 659 6.72 1.77 17 6.47 2.53 .837
  1. aGeneral wellbeing: 14 items, scale 1–5. Resilience: 4 items, scale 1–5. Life satisfaction: 1 item, scale 1–10
  2. bTwo groups: independent samples t-test; three groups: F-test
  3. cSeven respondents who reported their gender as’Other’ were excluded from the gender breakdowns because the small sample size provided inadequate statistical power to enable reliable conclusions to be drawn about this population
  4. dThose who participated in club sports, including those who also participated in informal sport or other recreational physical activities
  5. eThose who participated in informal sport or other recreational physical activities, but not in club sports
  6. fThose who participated in team sports or activities, including those who also participated in individual sports or activities
  7. gThose who participated in individual sports or physical activities, but not in team sports or activities