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Table 3 Self-assessment of current health compared to one year ago: by respondent characteristics

From: The impact of COVID-19 restrictions on perceived health and wellbeing of adult Australian sport and physical activity participants

Health assessments Characteristics p-value1
  Gender2  
  Male Female   
  N % N %    
General health
  Worse or much worse 425 33.2 242 27.9    .014
  About the same 582 45.5 407 46.9    
  Better or much better 272 21.3 219 25.2    
Total 1279 100.0 868 100.0    
Physical health
  Worse or much worse 478 37.5 285 32.9    .015
  About the same 517 40.5 348 40.1    
  Better or much better 281 22.0 234 27.0    
Total 1276 100.0 867 100.0    
Mental health
  Worse or much worse 532 41.6 320 36.9    .038
  About the same 532 41.6 372 42.9    
  Better or much better 215 16.8 176 20.3    
Total 1279 100.0 868 100.0    
  Age (years)  
  18–29 30–49 50–59  
  N % N % N %  
General health
  Worse or much worse 205 38.0 313 32.3 153 23.6  < .001
  About the same 191 35.4 437 45.1 362 56.0  
  Better or much better 143 26.5 219 22.6 132 20.4  
Total 539 100.0 969 100.0 647 100.0  
Physical health
  Worse or much worse 219 40.7 365 37.7 183 28.3  < .001
  About the same 163 30.3 377 39.0 326 50.5  
  Better or much better 156 29.0 225 23.3 137 21.2  
Total 538 100.0 967 100.0 646 100.0  
Mental health
  Worse or much worse 236 43.8 399 41.2 220 34.0  < .001
  About the same 173 32.1 395 40.8 339 52.4  
  Better or much better 130 24.1 175 18.1 88 13.6  
Total 539 100.0 969 100.0 647 100.0  
  Region  
  Metropolitan Non-metropolitan   
  N % N %    
General health
  Worse or much worse 451 31.4 216 30.6    .315
  About the same 647 45.0 340 48.2    
  Better or much better 340 23.6 150 21.2    
Total 1438 100.0 706 100.0    
Physical health
  Worse or much worse 519 36.2 244 34.6    .312
  About the same 562 39.2 300 42.6    
  Better or much better 354 24.7 161 22.8    
Total 1435 100.0 705 100.0    
        .057
Mental health
  Worse or much worse 590 41.0 262 37.1    
  About the same 580 40.3 323 45.8    
  Better or much better 268 18.6 121 17.1    
Total 1438 100.0 706 100.0    
  Sport and physical activity settings  
  Club3 Informal only4 Inactive  
  N % N % N %  
General health        .001
  Worse or much worse 583 32.6 79 22.9 9 45.0  
  About the same 818 45.7 165 47.8 7 35.0  
  Better or much better 389 21.7 101 29.3 4 20.0  
Total 1790 100.0 345 100.0 20 100.0  
Physical health        .002
  Worse or much worse 665 37.2 92 26.7 10 50.0  
  About the same 710 39.8 150 43.5 6 30.0  
  Better or much better 411 23.0 103 29.9 4 20.0  
Total 1786 100.0 345 100.0 20 100.0  
Mental health         < .001
  Worse or much worse 742 41.5 107 31.0 6 30.0  
  About the same 746 41.7 154 44.6 7 35.0  
  Better or much better 302 16.9 84 24.3 7 35.0  
Total 1790 100.0 345 100.0 20 100.0  
  Sport and physical activity modes  
  Team5 Individual only6 Inactive  
  N % N % N %  
General health
  Worse or much worse 465 32.0 197 29.0 9 45.0 .423
  About the same 658 45.2 325 47.8 7 35.0  
  Better or much better 332 22.8 158 23.2 4 20.0  
Total 1455 100.0 680 100.0 20 100.0  
Physical health
  Worse or much worse 529 36.4 228 33.6 10 50.0 .335
  About the same 569 39.2 291 42.9 6 30.0  
  Better or much better 354 24.4 160 23.6 4 20.0  
Total 1452 100.0 679 100.0 20 100.0  
Mental health
  Worse or much worse 576 39.6 273 40.1 6 30.0 .237
  About the same 625 43.0 275 40.4 7 35.0  
  Better or much better 254 17.5 132 19.4 7 35.0  
Total 1455 100.0 680 100.0 20 100.0  
  1. 1Chi-square test of independence
  2. 2Seven respondents who reported their gender as’Other’ were excluded from the gender breakdowns because the small sample size provided inadequate statistical power to enable reliable conclusions to be drawn about this population
  3. 3Those who participated in club sports, including those who also participated in informal sport or other recreational physical activities
  4. 4Those who participated in informal sport or other recreational physical activities, but not in club sports
  5. 5Those who participated in team sports or activities, including those who also participated in individual sports or activities
  6. 6Those who participated in individual sports or physical activities, but not in team sports or activities