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Table 1 Predisposing and enabling characteristics of the 8808 undergraduates with low risk perception in mainland China

From: Discordance between perceived risk and actual risky sexual behaviors among undergraduate university students in mainland China: a cross-sectional study

Variable Inclusion (n=8808) Exclusion (n=1595) χ2 P Discordant (n=752) Concordant (n=8056) χ2 P
n % n % n % n  
X1: Gender
  0=Female 5027 57.1 986 61.8 12.47 <0.001 317 58.5 4710 42.2 74.69 <0.001
  1=Male 3781 42.9 609 38.2 435 41.5 3346 57.8
X2: Sexual orientation
  0=Heterosexuals 7874 89.4 1352 84.8 28.87 <0.001 615 81.8 7259 90.1 50.28 <0.001
  1=Non-Heterosexuals 934 10.6 243 15.2 137 18.2 797 9.9
X3: Major
  0=Non-Medical 6146 69.8 1150 72.1 3.48 0.062 525 69.8 5621 69.8 0.00 0.982
  1=Medical 2662 30.2 445 27.9 227 30.2 2435 30.2
X4: Grade
  0=Freshmen 2447 27.8 506 31.7 10.33 0.001 159 21.1 2288 28.4 18.06 <0.001
  1=Non-freshmen 6361 72.2 1089 68.3 593 78.9 5768 71.6
X5: Age at first sex (Years)
  0=14 (Late) 8639 98.1 1582 99.2 9.57 0.002 682 90.7 7957 98.8 238.59 <0.001
  1=14 (Early) 169 1.9 13 0.8 70 9.3 99 1.2
X6: HIV-related knowledge (Range: 0-12)
  0=High (≥8) 5654 64.2 833 52.2 82.38 <0.001 408 54.3 5246 65.1 35.32 <0.001
  1=Low (8) 3154 35.8 762 47.8 344 45.7 2810 34.9
X7: HIV-related stigma (Range: 0-24)
  0=Low (≥18) 4144 47.0 723 45.3 1.60 0.206 245 32.6 3899 48.4 69.09 <0.001
  1=High (18) 4664 53.0 872 54.7 507 67.4 4157 51.6
X8: Testing history
  0=Never 8204 93.1 1445 90.6 13.03 <0.001 675 89.8 7529 93.5 14.72 <0.001
  1=Ever 604 6.9 150 9.4 77 10.2 527 6.5
X9: Condom use self-efficacy (Range: 0-8)
  0=Low (0-7) 5674 64.4 1249 78.3 117.01 <0.001 518 68.9 5156 64.0 7.15 0.008
  1=High (=8) 3134 35.6 346 21.7 234 31.1 2900 36.0
X10: Monthly expenditure
  0=Low (2000 Yuan) 8004 90.9 1501 94.1 17.92 <0.001 601 79.9 7403 91.9 118.89 <0.001
  1=High (≥2000 Yuan) 804 9.1 94 5.9 151 20.1 653 8.1
X11: Residential areas
  0=Rural 5890 66.9 1135 71.2 11.33 0.001 429 57.0 5461 67.8 35.81 <0.001
  1=Urban 2918 33.1 460 28.8 323 43.0 2595 32.2
X12: Knowledge of local AIDS organization
  0=No 4293 48.7 820 51.4 3.86 0.050 414 55.1 3879 48.2 13.12 <0.001
  1=Yes 4515 51.3 775 48.6 338 44.9 4177 51.8
X13: Awareness of the national AIDS policy
  0=awareness 5645 64.1 1214 76.1 86.92 <0.001 428 56.9 5217 64.8 18.39 <0.001
  1=awareness 3163 35.9 381 23.9 324 43.1 2839 35.2