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Table 6 Adjusted associations of household and women characteristics with classification as ‘ideal family’ or ‘clean kitchen’ winner

From: Design, delivery, and determinants of uptake: findings from a food hygiene behavior change intervention in rural Bangladesh

   ‘Ideal family’ ‘Clean kitchen’
Characteristics OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Participation Low Ref.    Ref.   
Medium 4.6 1.9–10.5 < 0.001 8.6 3.8–19.5 < 0.001
High 11.4 5.2–24.9 < 0.001 26.5 12.3–57.0 < 0.001
Wealth (in quintiles) Poorest 0.4 0.2–0.6 < 0.001 0.3 0.2–0.5 < 0.001
Lower 0.9 0.6–1.3 0.5 0.6 0.4–0.95 0.02
Medium Ref.    Ref.   
Upper 1.8 1.2–2.7 0.006 1.3 0.8–2.0 0.3
Wealthiest 2.3 1.4–3.6 < 0.001 2.6 1.5–4.5 < 0.001
Religion Muslim Ref.    Ref.   
Hindu 1.8 1.3–2.5 < 0.001 2.4 1.6–3.5 < 0.001
Household members Up to 5 Ref.    Ref.   
6–10 0.7 0.5–0.9 0.02 0.6 0.4–0.8 0.002
More than 10 1.0 0.6–1.5 0.9 0.6 0.4–1.02 0.06
Number of rooms in household 1 Ref.    Ref.   
More than 1 1.2 0.8–1.9 0.4 1.5 0.96–2.5 0.07
Size of homestead land (in decimala) Less than 5 Ref.    Ref.   
5.1–20 1.3 0.97–1.9 0.07 1.2 0.8–1.7 0.3
More than 20 1.3 0.9–2.0 0.2 1.1 0.7–1.8 0.6
Size of agricultural land (in decimala) None Ref.    Ref.   
0.1–100 0.7 0.5–0.97 0.03 0.6 0.4–0.9 0.009
More than 100 0.6 0.4–0.9 0.01 0.5 0.3–0.8 0.003
Education None Ref.    Ref.   
Partial/complete primary 1.6 1.1–2.5 0.02 1.4 0.9–2.1 0.09
Secondary or more 2.2 1.4–3.4 < 0.001 2.1 1.3–3.2 0.002
Number of children under 3 years No child Ref.    Ref.   
1 child 0.8 0.6–1.1 0.2 0.8 0.6–1.0 0.05
2 children 0.7 0.4–1.3 0.2 0.7 0.4–1.4 0.3
Empowerment None or very little Ref.    Ref.   
Some 1.1 0.8–1.5 0.6 1.4 0.96–1.9 0.09
Greater 1.6 1.0–2.3 0.03 1.6 1.03–2.4 0.04
  1. Total n = 1222, missing: 53, due to missing values in single variables
  2. OR: odds ratio from mixed effects logistic regression model adjusting for clustering by settlement, CI: 95% confidence interval; Ref: reference category
  3. aA decimal is a unit of area used in Bangladesh equal to 40.5 m2