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Table 4 A multilevel multilvariable analysis of factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding in Sub-Saharan Africa from 2010–2020

From: Magnitude and determinants of breastfeeding initiation within one hour among reproductive women in Sub-Saharan Africa; evidence from demographic and health survey data: a multilevel study

Variables Model II
AOR (95% CI)
Model III Model IV
AOR (95% CI)
Women education
 No education 1.00   1.00
 Primary 1.22(1.15—1.27)   1.20 (1.16—1.26)a
 Secondary +  1.03(0.98—1.09)   1.06(1.01—1.12)b
Weaklth Index
 Poor 1.00   1.00
 Middle 1.16(1.12—1.21)   1.10 (1.06 1.16)a
 Rich 1.28(1.23—1.35)   1.29 (1.23—1.34)a
Womens age
  < 20 1.00   1.00
 20–34 1.04 (1.01—1.08)   1.04(1.01—1.09)b
 34 +  0.79 (0.61—1.04)   0.80 (0.61—1.04)
Huasband/partner education
 No education 1.00   1.00
 Primary 1.12 (1.07—1.17)   1.11 (1.06—1.16)a
 Secondary +  0.88 (0.84—0.93)   0.87 (0.83—0.92)a
Birth order of child
 1 1.00   1.00
 2–3 1.27 (1.22—1.33)   1.27(1.22—1.33)a
 4–5 1.25 (1.19—1.31)   1.25(1.19—1.32)b
 6 +  1.16 (1.11—1.23)   1.17(1.11—1.23)b
Trimester at ANC visit
 1st trimester 1.00   1.00
 2nd trimester 0.96 (0.93—1.00)   0.96 (0.93—1.01)
 3rd trimester 0.94 (0.84—1.05)   0.94 (0.84—1.05)
ANC vist
 No 1.00   1.00
 Yes 1.01 (0.97—1.07)   1.01 (0.97—1.05)
Place of delivery
 Home 1.00   1.00
 Health Institution 1.97(1.89—2.05)   1.97(1.89—2.05)a
Health Insurance
 No 1.00   1.00
 Yes 1.53 (1.43—1.65)   1.53(1.42—1.65)a
Size of child at birth
 Large 1.00   1.00
 Average 1.07(1.03—1.11)   1.07(1.03—1.11)a
 Small 0.87(0.84—0.92)   0.87(0.83—0.92)a
Skin to skin contcat
 No 1.00   1.00
 Yes 1.51 (1.47—1.57)   1.51(1.47—1.57)a
Media exposure
 No 1.00   1.00
 Yes 1.31 (1.30 – 1.40)   1.36 (1.31—1.41)a
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal 1.00   1.00
 Cesearian section 0.27 (0.25—0.29)   0.27 (0.25—0.29)a
Sex of child
 Male 1.00   1.00
 Female 1.02 (0.99—1.05)   1.02 (0.99- 1.05)
Birth Interval
  < 24 1.00   1.00
  ≥ 24 1.00(0.95—1.04)   1.00 (0.96—1.04)
Residence
 Rural   1.00 1.00
 Urban   1.00(0.98—1.02) 1.30 (1.26—1.36)a
Community poverty
 Low   1.00 1.00
 High   0.96(0.93—1.04) 1.02 (0.96—1.07)
Community ANC visit
 Low   1.00 1.00
 High   1.02(0.98—1.07) 1.00 (0.94—1.06)
Community education
 Low   1.00 1.00
 High   1.06 (1.02—1.06) 1.00(0.94—1.06)
Community media exposure
 Low   1.00 1.00
 High   0.99 (0.96—1.03) 1.00 (0.94—1.05)
  1. AOR = adjusted odds ratio
  2. asignificant at 0.01
  3. bsignificant at 0.05
  4. *signficant at 0.1