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Table 3 Coronary heart disease knowledge scores of all participants for each question

From: The influence of clinic care on perceptions and knowledge of non-communicable diseases and physical activity from a low-resourced community: a mixed-method study

Question Baseline(%) n = 76 12 weeks(%) n = 40 24 weeks(%) n = 32
1.Polyunsaturated fats are healthier for the heart than saturated fats 14 (18) 30 (75) 5 (16)
2.Women are less likely to get heart disease after menopause than before 15 (20) 11 (28) 6 (19)
3.Having had chickenpox increases the risk of getting heart disease 29 (38) 12 (30) 18 (56)
4.Eating a lot of red meat increases heart disease risk 37 (49) 26 (65) 18 (56)
5.Most people can tell whether or not they have high blood pressure 30 (40) 11 (28) 18 (56)
6.Trans-fats are healthier for the heart than most other kinds of fats 2 (3) 0 (0) 19 (59)
7.The most important cause of heart attacks is stress 2 (3) 3 (8) 1 (3)
8.Walking and gardening are considered types of exercise that can lower heart disease risk 67 (88) 37 (93) 23 (72)
9.Most of the cholesterol in an egg is in the white part of the egg 17 (22) 17 (43) 22 (69)
10.Smokers are more likely to die of lung cancer than heart disease 6 (8) 3 (8) 1 (3)
11.Taking an aspirin each day decreases the risk of getting heart disease 31 (41) 16 (40) 23 (72)
12.Dietary fibre lowers blood cholesterol 51 (67) 38 (95) 15 (47)
13.Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States 44 (58) 32 (80) 15 (47)
14.The healthiest exercise for the heart involves rapid breathing for a sustained period 33 (43) 17 (43) 12 (38)
15.Turning pale or grey is a symptom of having a heart attack 14 (18) 19 (48) 15 (47)
16.A healthy person's pulse should return to normal within 15 min after exercise 43 (57) 20 (50) 9 (28)
17.Sudden trouble seeing in one eye is a common symptom of having a heart attack 36 (47) 14 (35) 15 (47)
18.Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) helps to clear clogged blood vessels 4 (5) 2 (5) 11 (34)
19.HDL refers to “good” cholesterol, and LDL refers to “bad” cholesterol 14 (18) 5 (13) 10 (31)
20.Arterial defibrillation is a procedure where hardened arteries are opened to increase blood flow 5 (7) 4 (10) 12 (38)
21.Feeling weak, lightheaded, or faint is a common symptom of having a heart attack 33 (43) 24 (60) 14 (44)
22.Taller people are more at risk of getting heart disease 48 (62) 22 (55) 22 (69)
23.“High” blood pressure is defined as 110/80 (systolic/diastolic) or higher 30 (39) 22 (55) 22 (69)
24.Most women are more likely to die from breast cancer than heart disease 6 (8) 4 (10) 6 (19)
25.Margarine with liquid safflower oil is healthier than margarine with hydrogenated soy oil 26 (34) 28 (70) 8 (25)
26.People who have diabetes are at higher risk of getting heart disease 43 (57) 34 (85) 19 (59)
27.Men and women experience many of the same symptoms of a heart attack 32 (42) 22(55) 16 (50)
28.Eating a high fibre diet increases the risk of getting heart disease 31 (41) 36 (90) 21 (66)
29.Heart disease is better defined as a short-term illness than a chronic, long-term illness 37 (49) 28 (70) 17 (53)
30.Many vegetables are high in cholesterol 59 (78) 38 (95) 25 (78)
Total scores 37 49 47