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Table 2 Results of multiple regression analyses between the affection variables and health behaviors

From: The effects of received grandmothers’ affection on adult grandchildren’s health behaviors using affection exchange theory

   Diet Exercise Substance Abuse Sleep
t β pr2 t β pr2 t β pr2 t β pr2
1. Love and esteem −1.80 −0.24 −0.13 −2.04 0.26* −0.14 0.80 0.11 0.05 2.01 0.26* 0.14
2. Caring 0.84 0.11 0.06 1.35 0.17 0.09 −1.18 −0.15 −0.08 −1.58 −0.19 −0.11
3. Memories and humor 2.01 0.20* 0.14 2.66 .25** 0.18 −0.87 −0.09 −0.06 1.32 0.13 0.09
4. Celebratory 2.49 0.20* 0.17 2.26 .18* 0.15 1.84 0.15 0.13 0.53 0.04 0.04
  1. Note. *p < .05. ** p < .01. β = standardized beta coefficients