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Table 1 The participant socio-demographic characteristics (n = 353)

From: Adaptation and validation of the Chinese version of the lung cancer screening health belief scales

Characteristic n(%)
Gender Male 284(80.45)
Female 69(19.55)
Residential location Urban 197(55.81)
Suburban 59(16.71)
Rural 97(27.48)
Educational level Primary school degree or below 56(15.86)
Middle school degree 78(22.10)
Technical school/college degree 143(40.51)
Bachelor’s degree or higher 76(21.53)
Religious belief No religion 177(50.14)
Christianity 44(12.46)
Buddhism 124(35.13)
Islamism 6(1.70)
Others(e.g. Taoism) 2(0.60)
Employment status worker 49(13.88)
farmer 89(25.21)
Administrative cadre 43(12.18)
Science and technology、medical personnel or teacher 49(13.88)
Individual, business, enterprise or service personnel 103(29.18)
Retired 13(3.68)
Housewife 6(1.70)
Others a 1(0.28)
Occupational exposure b Yes 208(58.92)
No 145(41.08)
Medical insurance Self-paid (uninsured) 42(11.90)
Provincial medical insurance 73(20.68)
Municipal medical insurance 99(28.05)
New agricultural cooperative medical insurance 138(39.09)
Others(e.g. medical insurance for urban employees) 1(0.28)
Monthly household income (yuan, RMB)  < 1000 30(8.50)
1000–2999 87(24.65)
3000–4999 123(34.84)
 > 5000 113(32.01)
Smoking status current smoker 267(75.64)
Former smoker (now quit) 86(24.36)
Smoking status of family members current smoker 286(81.02)
Former smoker (now quit) 67(18.98)
History of lung disease Yes 58(16.43)
No 295(83.57)
Metal implants
or devices in your chest or back
Yes 100(28.33)
No 253(71.67)
Suffering from cancer Yes 12(3.40)
No 341(96.60)
Family history of cancer No 273(77.34)
Unclear 65(18.41)
Yes 15(4.25)
Frequency of
lung cancer screening
Never 142(40.23)
Every year 147(41.64)
Uncertain 64(18.13)
  1. ablacksmith
  2. bSuch as asbestos, chromate, coke oven efflux, arsenic, chloromethyl ether, radon and its progeny, radiation, silica, beryllium, uranium, radon and other substances