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Table 2 Prevalence of perceived age discrimination among older adults by background characteristics, LASI, 2017–18 (N = 31,464)

From: Prevalence and correlates of perceived age-related discrimination among older adults in India

Characteristics No perceived age discrimination n(%) Perceived age discrimination n(%) p value
Age (in years)     < 0.001
 60–69 17,319 (90.16) 1655 (9.84)  
 70–79 8147 (89.3) 954 (10.7)  
 80 and above 3000 (88.14) 389 (11.86)  
Gender    0.001
 Male 13,748 (90.26) 1350 (9.74)  
 Female 14,718 (89.14) 1648 (10.86)  
Marital Status     < 0.001
 Currently in marital union 18,221 (90.67) 1699 (9.33)  
 Widowed 9508 (88.1) 1211 (11.9)  
 Currently not in marital union 737 (87.58) 88 (12.42)  
Years of schooling     < 0.001
 No 15,019 (88.15) 1870 (11.85)  
 1–5 years 5312 (89.66) 528 (10.34)  
 5–10 years 5683 (92.83) 423 (7.17)  
 More than 10 years 2452 (93.34) 177 (6.66)  
Living arrangement     < 0.001
 Living with spouse and children 12,375 (90.94) 1090 (9.06)  
 Living with children and others 9079 (88.87) 1083 (11.13)  
 Living with spouse 5634 (90.2) 581 (9.8)  
 Living alone 1378 (83.42) 244 (16.58)  
Social participation     < 0.001
 No 26,037 (89.37) 2848 (10.63)  
 Yes 1979 (91.53) 149 (8.47)  
Work status     < 0.001
 Never worked 8051 (92.28) 733 (7.72)  
 Earlier worked 11,928 (88.05) 1445 (11.95)  
 Currently working 8487 (89.69) 820 (10.31)  
Self rated health     < 0.001
 Good 21,526 (89.87) 2159 (10.13)  
 Poor 6940 (89.11) 839 (10.89)  
Difficulties in ADL     < 0.001
 No 22,621 (90.11) 2149 (9.89)  
 Yes 5845 (88.26) 849 (11.74)  
Difficulties in IADL     < 0.001
 No 16,321 (91.66) 1288 (8.34)  
 Yes 12,145 (87.51) 1710 (12.49)  
Chronic Condition    0.383
 No 12,994 (89.56) 1341 (10.44)  
 One 8327 (89.16) 914 (10.84)  
 Two and more 7058 (90.3) 739 (9.7)  
Residence     < 0.001
 Urban 9886 (92.15) 853 (7.85)  
 Rural 18,580 (88.64) 2145 (11.36)  
MPCE quintile     < 0.001
 Poorest 5770 (87.45) 714 (12.55)  
 Poor 5881 (89.59) 596 (10.41)  
 Middle 5838 (90.92) 578 (9.08)  
 Rich 5594 (90.04) 576 (9.96)  
 Richest 5383 (90.69) 534 (9.31)  
Caste     < 0.001
 General 8488 (91.14) 777 (8.86)  
 OBC 10,586 (89.33) 1300 (10.67)  
 SC/ST 9392 (88.73) 921 (11.27)  
Religion     < 0.001
 Hindu 20,601 (89.11) 2436 (10.89)  
 Muslim 3450 (91.03) 281 (8.97)  
 Others 4415 (94.41) 281 (5.59)  
Region     < 0.001
 Northern Region 4726 (90.99) 445 (9.01)  
 North-Eastern Region 3509 (93.17) 243 (6.83)  
 Eastern Region 5848 (92.11) 432 (7.89)  
 Central Region 4081 (83.74) 822 (16.26)  
 Southern Region 10,302 (90.81) 1056 (9.19)  
Total 28,466 (89.67) 2994 (10.33)  
  1. ADL Activities of daily living, IADL Instrumental activities of daily living, OBC Other backward class, SC/ST Scheduled caste/ Scheduled tribe, MPCE Monthly per capita consumption expenditure