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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression estimates for fall-related injury among older adults by their background characteristic

From: Prevalence and risk factors of fall-related injury among older adults in India: evidence from a cross-sectional observational study

Variables AOR (95%CI)
Walking disability
 No Ref.
 Partial/complete 1.80*(1.38,2.36)
Vision disability
 No Ref.
 Partial/complete 1.06(0.81,1.38)
Alcohol consumption
 No Ref.
 Yes 1.97*(1.31,2.97)
Self-rated health
 Good Ref.
 Poor 1.24*(1.05,1.61)
Cognitive ability
 High Ref.
 Low 1.09(0.83,1.42)
Alzheimer’s
 No Ref.
 Yes 1.26(0.57,2.82)
Dementia
 No Ref.
 Yes 2.15*(1.03,5.05)
Diabetes
 No Ref.
 Yes 1.25(0.89,1.77)
Arthritis
 No Ref.
 Yes 1.15(0.88,1.49)
Age (years)
 60–69 Ref.
 70–79 0.91(0.68,1.21)
 80+ 0.96(0.64,1.43)
Gender
 Men Ref.
 Women 1.98*(1.43,2.75)
Marital Status
 Not in Union Ref.
 Currently in Union 0.99(0.75,1.31)
Education
 No education Ref.
 Below 5 years 1.20(0.87,1.65)
 6–10 years 1.44*(1.01,2.06)
 11+ years 1.73(0.95,3.17)
Working status (last one year)
 No Ref.
 Yes 1.02(0.74,1.41)
 Retired 0.88(0.51,1.53)
Co-reside with children
 No Ref.
 Yes 1.29(0.97,1.71)
Wealth Status
 Poorest Ref.
 Poorer 1.19(0.81,1.74)
 Middle 1.28(0.85,1.92)
 Richer 0.74(0.46,1.18)
 Richest 0.60(0.36,1.02)
Religion
 Hindu Ref.
 Muslim 1.21(0.81,1.81)
 Sikh 0.74(0.34,1.60)
 Others 1.12(0.71,1.78)
Caste
 Scheduled Caste Ref.
 Scheduled Tribe 0.73(0.39,1.37)
 Other Backward Class 0.78(0.54,1.14)
 Others 0.94(0.68,1.3)
Residence
 Rural Ref.
 Urban 0.96(0.74,1.24)
State
 Kerala Ref.
 Himachal Pradesh 0.43*(0.26,0.71)
 Punjab 0.52(0.27,1.01)
 West Bengal 0.68(0.44,1.05)
 Orissa 0.36*(0.21,0.60)
 Maharashtra 1.71*(1.19,2.46)
 Tamil Nadu 0.17*(0.08,0.34)
  1. Ref: Reference; *if p < 0.05; AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval